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AP and Other Stories Summary and Analysis of A P, Part 1. This story is admission essays, narrated by what you do the world essay Sammy, a young cashier at the supermarket A P. One day, three girls in bathing suits stop in to buy some snacks. Admission Graduate? Sammy is immediately struck by a “chunky” (596) girl with a “sweet broad soft-looking can.” He is so attracted to her that he accidentally rings up a box of crackers twice, provoking the ire of the middle-aged customer who was trying to buy them. By the time Sammy calms down the pharmacist letter irate customer, the admission graduate girls are making their way towards an aisle close to his checkout slot. He notices that the girls are barefoot. None of them are particularly beautiful; he characterizes the first as chunky and “pale” and the second as “the kind of girl that other girls think is very ‘striking’ and planning worksheet ‘attractive’ but never quite makes it.” However, he quickly identifies the third as their leader, noticing that she walks slightly ahead of her friends and essays almost seems to be showing them how to command attention. Resume 11 Form? He infers that it was her idea to come to A P in the first place. He calls her the queen or, later, Queenie. Sammy notices that the straps of the queen’s bathing suit have slipped off her shoulders, so there is no clothing between the top of the bathing suit and the top of her head.
He is in awe of admission, her beauty, and marvels that only an what would you do to improve the world essay extraordinarily pretty girl could get away with walking into a grocery store with her straps down. He continues to stare at graduate her physical features, including her long neck and her oaky hair. The other people in resume 11 form the store are shocked by the girls’ skimpy attire, as well as the fact that they are walking “against the usual traffic” (597) down the aisles. Sammy criticizes these “sheep” for graduate essays, looking askance at the girls but also being attracted to them. Pupel? He speculates that “you could set off dynamite” (598) in an A P and the shoppers would still go about their business as usual. Nevertheless, they do seem a bit “jiggled,” with some women even turning around to look at the girls again, as if they cannot believe their eyes. Only ten years before John Updike published “A P,” his New Yorker colleague J.D. Salinger rocked the literary establishment with his first novel, The Catcher in the Rye . There are striking similarities between Holden Caulfield, the main character of Salinger’s novel, and Updike’s narrator Sammy. Both hold a deep-seated contempt for authority and hypocrisy.
But while Salinger’s hero is so self-absorbed that we never get an objective perspective on his world, Sammy is sharply perceptive, offering insights about human nature and society at large. The main action of “A P” unfolds not in the grocery store but in Sammy’s mind. It is graduate essays, not a chronicle of his ordinary day at work, but rather of what would, his rejection of bourgeois conformity. Some critics trace Sammy’s heritage not to admission graduate Holden Caulfield but to Ralph Waldo Emerson, who advocated for japan competition, non-conformity and moral self-reliance (Porter 1155). In the early pages of “A P,” Sammy establishes his contempt for conformity and essays consumerism, insinuating that the people who shop at ratatouille A P are “sheep” (597) who can never be roused out of their daily routines. This critique is admission graduate essays, cemented by his detailed description of the store. Sammy locates himself “between the checkouts and the Special bins” (596) and describes the girls going up “the cat-and-dog-food-breakfast-cereal-macaroni-rice-raisins-seasonings-spreads-spaghetti-soft-drinks-crackers-and-cookies aisle” (597). This careful delineation of the resume cover letter story’s space suggests an admission essays underlying concern for realism despite Sammy’s lighthearted rhetorical style, which often relies on resume caricature. Sammy’s list of grocery items in admission essays the aisle is humorous, but it also indicates a deep sense of unease with the rampant consumerism in American culture.
None of the foods Sammy lists are nutritious. They are all snack foods or condiments—or in the case of the pet foods, not for human consumption at all. Rather than a necessity for survival, Updike portrays grocery shopping as a lavish exercise in self-indulgence. By buying so many unnecessary items, he suggests that people abstract themselves from their physical existence as human beings. Persuasive? Sammy’s sexual desire for the girls initially seems to be an antidote to this deadening consumerism. If the other shoppers have, in admission graduate essays conforming, sacrificed their humanity, then the girls’ rebellion against social norms seems to be a refreshing dose of human vitality.
This interpretation is reinforced by would the world their nakedness; by admission graduate essays forgoing regular clothing and the conformity that comes with it, they embrace their fundamental human nature, and the beauty of this spectacle is stunning to all who witness it. However, there is an alternate interpretation of the girls’ nudity. They are consumers just as much as the older shoppers are, and what would like those shoppers, they embrace unhealthy foods, looking at cookies before finally deciding to buy the herring snacks. They are conformists in their own way, with the queen leading the other two girls who timidly “peek around [the queen’s body] and essays [hunch] over a little” (597). Although he knows nothing of their personalities and concedes that two of the girls are unattractive, Sammy still lusts after them. His sexual desire, then, is just as greedy and overindulgent as the shoppers’ desire for snack foods. Over the course of his career, Updike has sometimes been accused of misogyny (Shapiro, Roiphe). Based on his descriptions of the women in planning worksheet the story, Sammy certainly seems to have a misogynist worldview.
He insinuates that the young girls are catty exhibitionists, but the brunt of his contempt is reserved for older women. These middle-aged housewives, he suggests, are the engines of graduate essays, American consumerism, and he consistently belittles them, describing them as “houseslaves in pin curlers” (598). His account of the middle-aged woman at the beginning of “A P” is dehumanizing; he calls her a witch and essay competition 2011 compares her to a bird, calming her down by “[getting] her feathers smoothed and her goodies into a bag” (596). Although the character’s outlook should not necessarily be extended to graduate Updike himself, there are certainly grounds to criticize his treatment of women. How To Cite http://www.gradesaver.com/a-and-p-and-other-stories/study-guide/summary-a-and-p-part-1 in MLA Format.
Study Guide Navigation About AP and Other Stories AP and Other Stories Summary Character List Glossary Themes Quotes and resume pupel Analysis Summary And Analysis Ace in the Hole A P, Part 1 A P, Part 2 A P, Part 3 Pigeon Feathers Separating Short Easter Consumerism and the Cold War Related Links Essay Questions Quizzes - Test Yourself! Quiz 1 Quiz 2 Quiz 3 Quiz 4 Citations Related Content Study Guide Essays Q A Mini-Store John Updike Biography. AP and Other Stories Questions and Answers. The Question and Answer section for AP and admission essays Other Stories is a great resource to resume 11 form ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. Sammy is essays, a nineteen-year-old cashier at persuasive planning worksheet the A P, a large supermarket chain. He narrates a day at the store, complaining about customers who are mean or behave like sheep. He is critical of the commercialism of modern culture. Admission Essays? Three. Sammy thinks he experiences an epiphany for japan competition 2011, the rights of these girls but his decision to quit his job is really driven by essays teen angst and sexual attraction.
Check out this GradeSaver link below: Study Guide for AP and Other Stories. AP and Other Stories study guide contains a biography of pharmacist letter, John Updike, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. AP and Other Stories essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of admission graduate, AP and other short stories by John Updike.
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Essay: The ‘teamwork’ concept – cause and effect. Man has enormous potentials. What individuals cannot accomplish alone is possible through organization. Essays. Human resource is the critical factor to essay on same sex marriage achieve competitive advantage and strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) focuses on proactive management of graduate people. Aligning physical and mental orientation of on same sex marriage employees towards common goals is best accomplished by admission graduate essays creating conducive environment. Essay Worksheet. Teamwork is an admission essays, attribute which provides impetus and added traction to group of employees in its march towards excellence. Leadership improves individual and team focus and adds energy and passion to essay pursuits.
Virtually all stakeholders agree to need of team work implying unanimity and complete agreement on intention. Graduate Essays. But good teamwork is not common implying problems in action and not intention. There is essay on same sex marriage in australia no dearth of admission essays literature or knowhow on teamwork and some lip service to teamwork is ratatouille essay common in most enterprises. While large number of admission essays factors is pharmacist resume letter measured and tracked but there is no measure of teamwork in CEOs dashboard of graduate essays Key performance Indicators (KPIs). 1.1.1 CENTRAL IDEA. Absence of teamwork shall be a limiting factor inhibiting teams march towards excellence. The objective of this study is to develop a model or framework to evaluate perception about would you do to improve, leadership and teamwork in target organization. The aim of framework is to find out what is holding the graduate essays team from continually improving and striving to be the best (from where it stands) as the best can also improve. The diagnostic can help focus on finding out few vital factors effecting development of pupel teamwork in a given setting and graduate essays, require improvement.
1.1.2 TARGET AUDIENCE AND DATA COLLECTION. The report shall be of interest for Academicians, Leaders, managers and team members and other stake holders who understand high value and resume cover, potential of human resource (HR), with teamwork attributes, in admission graduate essays, performance outcome of any organization. Would To Improve The World. The study seeks to explore avenues for improvement based on employee perception. Problem is likely to be encountered in data collection as managers may disallow survey that may in anyway effect reputation and prestige of organization. Confidentiality and reputation of admission graduate essays student undertaking study or OD specialists applying diagnostic is crucial for grant of you do access to administer test. Leadership with high self esteem and self confidence shall not hesitate in exploring effectiveness of the admission graduate essays tool and shall try to to improve the world essay accrue benefit from it. Here we shall immediately see the difference in approach of a manager and admission essays, a leader. 1.2 PROBLEM STATEMENT. Many organizations are functioning in routine manner but the energy or spark has been lost while others are constantly exploring new methods to pharmacist resume letter improve.
The excitement of challenges and uncertainty has been replaced by admission graduate essays bureaucratic entangle and passing the buck. Initiatives are non-starter due to vested interests and persuasive essay, status quos is the graduate order of the would to improve the world essay day. The zeal while creating the organization has gone missing and graduate, the huge loss is resume cover letter unnoticed. Admission. For organizations to essay become live again from robotic movements there is a need to infuse energy of team spirit. Leaders and professionals hold an array of divergent views about external challenges but ignore the problem within; importance of involved and aligned manpower.
1.3 RESEARCH OBJECTIVES. This research report will examine the ‘teamwork’ concept to gain improved understanding of cause and effect. Admission Essays. The leadership role will also be reviewed, as leader is responsible to create the right environment. Based on japan competition the study, a framework shall be developed to examine employee’s perceptions about key areas effecting leadership and teamwork. While examining the selected areas in reasonable depth, the framework shall briefly touch upon other HR areas, which could impact teamwork including recruitment and admission, selection, training and development, reward and compensation etc. This study focuses on Leadership and Teamwork and might ignore some external factors that affect development of essay on same sex marriage in australia enabling environment. Future study may improve upon the framework as usage can bring out additional points. The research is quantitative. Qualitative research is admission essays carried out to pharmacist collect data on factors that impact teamwork.
Other factors that affect organizations working are also included as these can cast effect on essays working of organization. The research has been made as quantitative by collecting employee perception on on same sex marriage the issues in graduate, the selected organization. The ease in collecting data through modern surveying and essay competition 2011, analysis software was not adopted as the graduate forum does not provide sufficient data on a particular organization. Resume. This tool cannot be easily applied on broader areas. Traditionally teamwork is realized as a good and desirable attribute but what is hampering and essays, helping develop teamwork is rarely addressed formally in an organization. Japan 2011. This research will attempt to develop framework and technique to explore the environment and find out impediments to team climate which shall lead to development and application of remedy. Leadership plays crucial role in setting the tone and determining the destiny of organization.
A Leader is typically seen as a man with vibrant personality, charisma, stamina, energy, head, heart, and soul and what not. Graduate. What qualities distinguish leader from common mortals is a subject of interest but literature on subject is often biased as the success of leader comes first and research on causes of success follows and attributes and tails get attached to it. An example is an story attributed to Gandhi on about successfully advising a child to change his behavior is attributed to what you do to improve the world essay other great leaders before Gandhi (Drea Zigrami and others; ‘The Leader Within, 2005). Brutal dictators try to graduate essays project soft image. Victors exert influence to paint a favorable picture to help their image in form of biographies or other means. For similar acts and dispositions the winner may be painted as man with strong self-belief, persistence and perseverance while the looser may be termed as stubborn, obstinate and persuasive essay planning, adamant. Jack Welch is highly acclaimed while Rick Wagoner, chairman and CEO, General Motors was shown the door because of results and not the leadership qualities. The later got title of the admission graduate worst CEO’s of the japan year with charges like corporate insensitivity, avarice and essays, callousness and without regards to their past achievements. An objective comparison of the you do essay two may be a good research on admission essays outcome bias or hindsight bias. Never the resume cover letter less hero worshipping and study of leadership shall continue to attract attention and only the successful shall be acclaimed. 2.2 UNDERSTANDING LEADER AND LEADERSHIP.
Historically muscles, horse riding skills, sword and graduate essays, marksmanship skills and essay, public speaking skills were essential leadership traits but as more and graduate essays, more people start mastering these skills a leader had to have more than these to distinguish themselves to command followership and ratatouille, allegiance. Conventional leadership toolkit consists of three categories namely 1) What they are [Be] (such as beliefs and character), ‘ 2) what they [know] (such as job, tasks, and human nature) and 3) what they [Do] (such as implementing, motivating, and admission graduate, providing direction). US Army’s Be-Know-Do list is sex marriage placed Appendix ‘A’ and admission, comprehensive links to leadership dimensions are placed as Appendix ‘B’. Many styles of leadership are practiced and persuasive worksheet, work and are listed in literature including Autocratic Leadership, Bureaucratic Leadership, Charismatic Leadership, Democratic Leadership or Participative Leadership, Laissez-Faire Leadership, People-Oriented Leadership or Relations-Oriented Leadership, Servant Leadership, Task-Oriented Leadership, Transactional Leadership and Transformational Leadership. The list is not exhaustive and some other types are also listed which includes Strategic Leadership, Team Leadership, Facilitative Leadership. Leadership Influence Styles include Cross-Cultural Leadership, Coaching, Level 5 Leadership and Servant Leadership etc. Situational leadership is about choosing the appropriate leadership style to match situation and subordinates skill and essays, commitment level. ‘It makes no difference whether your organization is ratatouille a corporation, a nonprofit, a school, or an athletic team’: Heroic Leadership is crucial (Cohen, 2010). Attributes such as initiative, trust, openness, helpfulness, flexibility and support are ‘ desirable leadership traits, Micheal J Stevens and Micheal A Campion cited (Kinlaw, 1991; Vainey, 1989). 2.2.1 NATURE OR NURTURE. Leadership is nature or nurture is often discussed and while leaders are born (nature) they are also developed (nurtured) as per pre transformational leadership theory. The Trait Theory explains that some personality traits may propel people gradually into leadership roles.
The Great Events Theory explains that challenging situation or important event may cause an ordinary person to rise to the occasion and respond in such a way that brings out extraordinary leadership qualities and instantaneously propel him to leadership position. Transformational or Process Leadership theory applies where people choose to become leaders by learning leadership skills. Supportive leadership is graduate essential requirement for teamwork to exist and essay 2011, flourish. In organizational settings, leadership entails aligning and striking balance between organizational interests, followers interests and leaders own interests and have to be based on solid principles and graduate, fairness (Transformational Leadership books.google.com.pk Bernard M. On Same Sex Marriage In Australia. Bass, Ronald E. Riggio ‘ Table 8, page 198). 2.3 LEADER VERSUS MANAGER. While we need managers to maintain order, we need leaders to create future. Essays. Dera Zegarmi and others in ‘The Leader Within’ has done synthesis of resume literature on the difference between manager and leader (Table 6.1 Page 172) and summarized the difference into three major categories namely self orientation, follower’s orientation and organizations orientation (See Appendix ‘C’). While the manager is too involved in ‘doing the things right’, leader focuses on ‘doing the graduate essays right things’.
The manager is focusing on ratatouille essay improving bottom line while leader has eyes on horizon. Managers like us to be compliant and rob us of the admission graduate essays excitement in facing challenges and resume pupel, innovating and experimenting. We surely need managers to run the show but we need leaders to lead the way to carve out future. When a person is a manager and also leader then whenever he is trying to admission influence the behavior of someone he is cover putting on the leadership hat. Leadership has been defined as ‘the act of arousing, engaging, and satisfying the motives of followers’in an admission graduate, environment of conflict, competition, or change’that results in the follower taking a course of action toward a mutually shared vision'(Drea Zigrami et al, 2005-p174). Leadership is not about manipulating or exploiting followers. It cannot be faked. It is not about ratatouille essay, oration and making a historic speech. Such gimmicks can be short-lived and cannot provide durable and graduate, enduring relationship. Persuasive Essay Planning Worksheet. Even rewards sharing are a single dimensional incentive which cannot be enduring.
As W C H Prentice opined in his article articulates about longevity of such approach. (Understanding Leadership; W C H Prentice, 1964). 2.3.1 PERCEPTION ABOUT LEADER. ‘Human beings are not machines with a single set of push buttons. Admission Graduate. When their complex responses to love, prestige, independence, achievement and essay, group membership are not recognized on the job, they perform at best as robots who bring far less than their maximum efficiency to admission the task, and at worst as rebellious slaves who consciously or unconsciously sabotage the 2011 activities they are supposed to be furthering” (ibid). Graduate. Conventional managers lack skill or capacity to remove the deep-rooted mistrust between management and employees. Perceptions and ratatouille, suspicions are two-way and a serious baggage to carry. While explaining pitfalls of perception W C H Prentice argues that ‘for followers to admission graduate essays recognize their leader as he really is may be as difficult for him to understand them completely’ (ibid). 2.4 LEADERSHIP COMPETENCIES AND ITS APPLICATION ON TEAMWORK. ‘Good leaders don’t ask more than their constituents can give, but they often ask’and get’more than their constituents intended to give or thought it was possible to what would you do to improve the world give.’ (John W. Admission Graduate. Gardner, Excellence, 1984). A good leader is pharmacist resume cover aware of the background of mutual suspicion between management and workers and recognizes need of regaining trust and is aware of ways of doing so.
Leader is graduate essays a promoter of the group’s aims and advocate of the values of the what you do to improve organization and is always exploring for ways of carving out better techniques for reaching organizational goals efficiently while encouraging and admission, supporting others in similar pursuit. ‘Slick use of social or psychological tricks can indeed persuade others to do your bidding, but they are unfit for continuing relationship’ (ibid). Japan Essay Competition. Leader has a task at hand. 2.4.1 COMPETENCIES MATRICES. Many organizations are drawing up competency matrices for the challenging position of leader. The Center for graduate essays Creative Leadership (CCL) focuses on leadership education and research on competencies essential for leaders and recommends 20 competencies for leaders (Appendix ‘B’).
Leadership competencies are important to exploit organizations HR potentials. CCL leadership competency model is competition 2011 believed to be closely matching to the competencies uncovered by the worthy ‘Hay Group’ study of leadership values in admission graduate, Indian leaders. While organizations are undertaking gap analysis to persuasive essay develop and graduate, groom present and essay, future leaders, skeptics are critical of the approach of breaking up of leadership into admission, unmanageable list of leadership competencies. The main objections of skeptics are that in trying to summarize leadership into distinct competencies the classic art of essay sex marriage in australia leadership loses its anchor as discussed below. 2.4.2 COMPETENCIES MATRICES CRITICIZED. While one can have a list of endless attributes for leader but leadership shall remain an art and shall not become a science. The auditor like approach is rightly criticized for admission being overly reductionist: An accountant’s style balance sheet approach is being applied to leadership which is competition 2011 (not mathematics/science, but) human behavior issue. It has been extensively criticized for admission graduate essays weaknesses in ratatouille, its ability to take into account occupations which are characterized by a ‘high degree of uncertainty, unpredictability and admission, discretion, and it’s arguable tendency ‘ contrary to the aims of the model on what would you do essay which it is based to atomize work roles rather than represent them holistically’ Richard Bolden and Jonathan Gasling (2004) cited (Lester, 1994). The main argument of the skeptics to this approach is that in admission graduate essays, trying to split the leadership role into resume pupel 11 form, constituent elements, it is admission essays losing the japan essay 2011 big picture of the integrated whole.
It is articulated that standards tend to fragment the leaders role into its elements rather than representing it as a unique whole with overlapping effects of components not as tangible as being presented. While this simplification is indeed the main beauty of the competency approach, the representation is not close to representing leader’s real time situation cited ibid, (Lester, 1994; Grugulis, 1997). 2.4.3 SIZE OF ORGANIZATION. Another objection pertains to the failure to distinguish between size of essays organization or position in essay on same in australia, the organization, or the variation in admission essays, situations etc. Pharmacist Resume Cover. ‘Standards are criticized for being overly universalistic’. A quote from the Management Standards Centre ‘whatever the size of your organization, you will find the standards have been written to meet your needs’ (MSC website, 2003), All issues individually seems OK but ‘manner in which standards may actually reinforce rather than challenge traditional ways of thinking about graduate essays, management or leadership’ cited ibid (Lester, 1994) is a cause of concern. The approach seems to be unpractical and is correlated as ‘driving using the rear view mirror’ cited ibid (Cullen, 1992).
Little discretion or flexibility is available to adopt and adjust according to subtle differences in situations, individuals, impact of new technologies and globalization etc. The standards excessive focus on observable behaviors and indicators ‘to the exclusion of less overt aspects such as values, beliefs and relationships’ could be counterproductive and become a cause of discord, cited ibid (Bell et al., 2002). The warmth of relationships and spirit de corps, the common cause seems to be put on japan 2011 back burner. 2.4.4 FUTURE OF COMPETENCY MATRICES. The approach may one day combine emotional intelligence with artificial intelligence or other leadership models to admission essays improve current work to doable dimensions.
A compassionate and relationship based approach is considered more appropriate to unify team members from danger of falling into a bureaucratic tangle presently. The aim of this study is not to accept or reject the competency models but to search for a model that brings out the best in a team. Ideas of teamwork, synergy and on same in australia, continuous improvements cannot flourish under environment of suspicion and mistrust. Leadership must play a role to improve organizational climate and trust and communication is important in this regards. The authority vested with leader is most potent when it is admission essays not used and 11 form, there is graduate no obvious threat or intent of using the authority.
The workforce and management have to be on the same page to make a winning time. ‘A leader knows thyself’. As leader, we need to ratatouille essay appreciate that our values, beliefs, and personality are driving our success — or our failure and admission graduate essays, we need to essay lead in ways that reflect our own values and personality and we do not have to put an admission graduate, act. We act relaxed and natural when and connect comfortably in group settings as well as one-to-one contexts. We discover and japan essay 2011, liberate personal qualities and energies we never knew we had. We can generate team’s spirit and build stronger, more effective, more joyful organizations by liberating the admission essays leader inside us and not emulating someone or his set of pupel rules. Only after knowing our inner self we can learn to truly know others and to be leader one has to know followers. 2.5 LEADER’S AWARENESS OF FOLLOWERS. ‘Leaders must know their followers well enough to coalesce the admission graduate essays followers motives toward a common outcome. Cover Letter. This cannot be done for any length of time, unless the follower is graduate offered an opportunity to engage in value based activities.
In other words the values and believes of those you wish to on same in australia influence must be understood, verbalized, and coupled with organizations social purpose’ (Dera Zigrami; The Leader Within, 2005-p 174). Graduate Essays. What few crucial competencies or approach should leader have remains an important question needing answer. 2.6 ATTRIBUTES OF LEADER. Heroic Leadership, Leading with integrity and would essay, honor (William A Cohen, 2010) presents eight principles of leadership, 1) Maintain absolute integrity, 2) Know your stuff, 3) Declare your expectations, 4) Show uncommon commitment, 5) Expect positive results, 6) Take care of admission your people, 7) Put duty before self and 8) Get out in front. The author with tilt towards military leadership does present a set of traits equally applicable to corporate sector. In the ‘The Leadership Challenge’, 4th Edition, (James M. Kouzes, 2010) has articulated the historically proven and still valid five practices of sex marriage in australia exemplary leadership namely 1). Model the way; dealing with leading by example, 2) Inspire a shared vision; involving everyone 3). Challenge the process; innovating and exploring 4) Enable others to act; empowerment and involvement 5). Encourage the graduate essays heart; celebrating and rewarding. 2.7 OUTCOME OF LEADERSHIP. The leader’s unique legacy is the creation of valued institutions that survive over time.
The most significant contribution leaders make is not simply to essay planning worksheet today’s bottom line; it is to admission essays the long-term development of people and institutions so they can adapt, change, prosper and grow. et al. The integrity or credibility of leader is the sole basis on which people are ready to be led voluntarily. Credibility is not measureable and essay planning worksheet, until proven guilty leaders integrity cannot be questioned. Subordinates perception about leader’s integrity is graduate essays crucial and often it is also correct so those who fake can do so for little while. Injustice has adverse effect on employee’s perception about organizational justice especially if the resume cover letter outcome has adverse effect on individual (Brockner and graduate, wiesenfield, 1996).
When organization treats leader with injustice it gets noticed by employees more so in cases where high quality relationship existed between leaders and followers (Cole and Scott, 1998). Organizations dealing with leader fairly and leaders dealing with followers appropriately thus form important prerequisite for effective leadership. People want to be guided by those with integrity and essay, a clear sense of direction. Graduate Essays. Leader must possess a clear sense of direction and articulate a strong vision of the future. Pharmacist Cover. A person who fakes commitment to values may look good and get promoted but cannot inspire others. Self-serving leaders are less effective because their subordinates only obey them, and they do not follow them. But as the admission graduate Hawthorne experiments confirmed, perception of genuine concern about workforce shall move team’s productivity graph in only one direction even when management takes opposite actions. 2.8 INTEGRITY OF MANAGERS. Integrity of essay managers is essays important to determine but is a tough ask as it is easy to wear integrity on sleeve through deception. Essay On Same Sex Marriage. (Robert B. Kaiser and Robert Hogan, 2010) in research, ‘HOW TO (AND HOW NOT TO) ASSESS THE INTEGRITY OF MANAGERS’ also emphasizes integrity as a leadership competency for managers and cites previous research showing that subordinates performance gets affected due to low integrity of managers. Deceitful behavior of managers of Enron and graduate, Tyco in essay competition, 2001was cited as cause of admission graduate demise of firm but the discovery after the resume letter fact is of less value and there is need to preempt such events.
The research found that subordinates may not express their true reservations about integrity of graduate managers while we know that their perception degrades their performance as already discussed. The low performing managers scored well on integrity issues along with high performing managers. The researchers then devised an persuasive planning, alternative method and graduate essays, inquired on what would you do essay subordinate expectations about the likelihood that their boss could behave unethically responded differently. Graduate. This method suggested that a much larger segment of subordinates perceive their managers to be having integrity issues and essay, this had correlation with low-performing managers. The manager with integrity is better placed to get results from team members by learning about team dynamics. Simply stated teamwork is about splitting task into constituents and graduate, hiring individuals to undertake individual constituents for japan essay competition 2011 the task to admission be completed with leader undertaking function of coordination and control. Studies reveal those effective and efficient teams are rare and resume 11 form, minor problems can cause dysfunction to teamwork. Leaders play an graduate, important role in the establishment of japan competition a teamwork. The leadership role is graduate comprehensive and apart from creating a vision and engaging employees, leaders have to ensure that systems are effectively implemented and opportunities are created for resume cover letter employees to actively get involved and graduate essays, deliver. Leaders need to ratatouille essay set a positive example and encourage teamwork by admission essays rewarding enabling behavior..
Common goal is best achieved when individual contributions are synchronized. Delivery of a letter by post-office involves separate actions by various players like acquiring postage stamps, dropping and essay sex marriage in australia, collection from letterbox, sorting, dispatch to destinations and delivery. The actions are undertaken by individuals separately but failure of graduate one component effects outcome while individual is pupel not dependent on support of graduate others in accomplishing individual role or task. What Would The World Essay. While a surgeon is undertaking a complex surgery or a manufacturing plant is making a complex part, underperformance of one casts effect on effectiveness of others. The interdependence augments need of teamwork which requires understanding how my part of job effects the person and the ultimate goal. Individuals have to look beyond their unique activities and admission, understand the bigger picture for japan essay organizational effectiveness. Graduate. Team and teamwork is no panacea for all ills.
Teamwork is no guarantee for success and ‘social scientists have found it much easier to resume letter prove process losses rather than synergy gains due to teamwork’ and limits its size to 20 with smaller the better. (Teamwork’ By C. Admission Graduate. H. Antoni, ABO-Psychologie, Fachbereich I) Cooperation, coordination, and pupel 11 form, satisfied employees are essential teamwork requirements, including some conditions given as Appendix ‘E’. ‘ 3.1.1 ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF TEAMWORK. While autonomy or participation in decision making has long been discussed from a motivational perspective’ only its more useful benefits include ‘advantages of shared mental model and broader input base’ at the time of admission essays planning. The Pfeiffer Book of Successful Team-Building Tools: Best of the Annuals by Elaine and http://www.scribd.com/doc/52916324/1/What-Is-Teamwork list 12 disadvantages of Teamwork alongside 12 advantages of teamwork produced at Appendix ‘F’. The list depicts how complexity increases due to increased need of pupel coordination, communication and cooperation. Advantages occur due to more brains and physical resources. To make Team successful, environment may be made conducive to exploit the advantages and admission graduate essays, safeguards be erected against disadvantages. Japan Essay Competition. This shall require individual members to be trained looking forward to contribute towards group objectives. Intrinsically satisfied employees can think and graduate, act in this direction and managements must focus on having satisfied employees. 3.1.2 COMPETENCIES FOR TEAMWORK. Literature is littered with competencies required for teamwork as well as Leadership .Like Be-Know-Do model for leadership (App ‘A’), a Think-Do-Feel model is persuasive essay worksheet presented by J A Canon-Bowers and E Salas (2010) reflecting ‘what team members’ Think-Do-Feel. The competencies required are broken down into Knowledge, Skills and Attitude or KSA.
While discussing leadership competencies and Hay groups 75 or CCL’s 20 leadership competencies we cited critics questioning the wisdom of admission breaking down into constituents as overly simplistic. Cover Letter. As leadership is part of teamwork, 130 competencies list are drawn for effective teamwork, and essays, divided these into 8 skill dimensions including adaptability, shared situational awareness, interpersonal skills, and communication skills, citing Cannon-Bowers (1995) in ratatouille essay, Team Effectiveness and admission essays, Competencies (2010). 184.108.40.206 KNOWLEDGE, SKILL AND ABILITIES FOR TEAMWORK. Attitude of resume cover members and leader is important for teamwork. Winston Churchill said ‘Attitude is a little thing that makes a big difference’.
Mutual respect and admission essays, trust creates cohesion which is important for Teamwork. Skills required for team members may broadly be integrated into would you do to improve the world essay, three categories namely 1) Job specific KSAs; beyond scope of this study, 2) Team Interpersonal KSAs which include conflict management KSAs, Collaborative problem solving KSAs and graduate essays, Communication KSAs 3) Self Management KSAs which include Goal setting and Performance Management KSAs and Planning and Task Coordination KSAs. People bring individual needs, requirements and japan essay 2011, aspirations to an organization where the leader helps individuals in their pursuits and align these with organizational objectives. Some characteristic like interpersonal skills play crucial role in team development and graduate, team functioning. When people join to accomplish common goals team is formed. Congenial interpersonal relations foster in effective teams where member are freed from planning problem of having to deal with complicated conflict and graduate essays, process issues ibid cited (Hackman and Morris, 1975, Lawler 1986; Sears 1989-p506). These also lead to you do to improve essay active, willing and productive participation on graduate the part of essay sex marriage all team members.
In the team environment, interpersonal demands are much greater than in individual based environment, Lawler, (1986). 3.1.3 CONFLICT IN TEAMWORK. Team effectiveness depends upon ability of admission essays individual members to successfully manage interpersonal relations with one another Perkins and Abramis, (1990-p506). Interpersonal relation strikes balance between destructive conflict or extremely warm relations, both prohibiting objective communication ibid cited (hackman and Oldham, (1980 P 199). Interpersonal skills do not evade or ignore conflicts. Skills are required to planning worksheet reach optimum solution from divergent views emerging during day to day functioning. Realization that conflict is admission important for improvement is well recognized yet not extensively practiced.
The ability to you do essay effectively manage and resolve conflicts has been recognized by many authors as an important interpersonal attribute for team members, Micheal J Stevens and Micheal A Campion cites (Gladstien, 1984; and admission essays, many more Page 507). Early organizational thinkers felt all conflicts was negative ibid cite Derr (1972) and saw it as managements failure to streamline processes and went about improving job descriptions and what would to improve the world essay, procedures. ‘Conflict is essential ingredient of teamwork’. It leads to essays improvements. Micheal J Stevens and Micheal A Campion cited Mcgregor (1960) who suggested that conflict is something more effective teams welcome. Ignoring or avoiding confronting conflict to project false sense of harmony contributes to unease, frustration and stress. Essay. Positive effects from conflicts include airing opinions and admission essays, dissatisfactions, reducing stress, fostering innovations and stabilizing relationships by removing discord. Persuasive Essay Planning. Feedbacks must always be given and accepted objectively and positively and timely information sharing must be ensured. Conflicts can have negative as well as positive outcome, depending upon admission its nature and amount and how it is addressed ibid cites Gersick and Davis-Sacks (1990). Members must contribute in creating environment of trust, appreciating differences and conflicts as legitimate and natural occurrence and encourage dialogue and sex marriage in australia, seek to explore reaching best solution from organizational perspective.
Individual team members must see conflict as a natural and graduate, positive outcome and encourage positive conflict and discourage negative conflict. Sources of conflict include simple misunderstanding or miscommunication, structural or situational factors, incompatible performance goals or rewards, requirements of joint decision making, differences in values, orientations, or objectives, or physical design of ratatouille workplace area ibid cites Thomas (1977). Graduate Essays. Understanding of differences is necessary to apply correct remedy. 11 Form. Conflict originating from admission graduate misunderstanding and miscommunication requires questioning and listening techniques while conflict arising due to members feeling of discrimination due to distasteful task can be resolved through rotating task assignment schedule (Deutsch et al, 1973-p 508). 3.1.4 DECISIONMAKING IN TEAMWORK.
Similarly joint decision making has roots in differences between member’s objectives, needs and perceptions. There must be tolerance to allow members to pupel 11 form express feelings and ideas. Before decision making, it should be ensured that everyone participates, including the passive ones. Admission Graduate. ‘Leadership must show that speaking up is not just safe but mandatory.’ People do not speak because they think it is waste of cover letter time. They think decision has been made and meetings are a show. It is admission essays not suggested that all decisions have to what to improve the world undergo same process of deliberations.
Decisions could be made on the run but then in meetings we brief how decision was reached and examine pros and cons of the admission decision instead of faking a discussion to ratify decision. The importance of hearing critical information must be reiterated over and over again to remove misconceptions and misperceptions. Warren Bennis, Daniel Goleman and James O’Toole ‘Transparency: How Leaders Create a Culture of Candor’. Individuals shall be biased towards solutions that serve their respective goals better than the organizational goals and they have to acquire skills of essay sex marriage Collaborative Problem Solving Skills Team members require skills to ‘plan, design and execute a project or task’ with shared objectives. They need to understand that plans rarely work as envisaged and they must also plan to graduate essays seek feedbacks to test and revise plans while implementing and adhering to ‘agreed quality standards and specifications’. Resume Pupel. Members require ability to ‘select and use appropriate tools and technology’ and admission essays, quickly ‘adapt to essay changing requirements and information’. Admission Essays. This requires continuous monitoring the resume 11 form progress of admission essays project or task and persuasive essay, identifying ways to improve. Encouraging participation and feeling good about participation increases employee buy-in. Besides professional job skills members need to develop Thinking and problem solving skills to essays aptly ‘assess situations and identify problems’ and elicit different points of view and undertake fact based unbiased analysis. This requires skills to ratatouille distinguish and graduate, differentiate between ‘human, interpersonal, technical, scientific and mathematical dimensions of problem’ and ‘identifying its root cause’. Identifying actual root cause and not symptoms require deep pondering and devising solution may require out of box thinking along with use of conventional tools.
To examine, observe and what you do essay, ‘share knowledge, solve problems’ and select probable options or solutions. Finally decide in favor of most feasible option by progressively rejecting other options and admission essays, implementing the selected option and seeking continual improvements. 3.2 COMMUNICATION OBSTACLES IN TEAMWORK. All these appear good in books and lectures but in real time there are barriers to open and frank exchange of views. There are coalitions, sub-teams lobbying for favorable decisions and objectivity is compromised. The situation calls for special Team Communication Skills where issue is debated on persuasive planning worksheet merits. A strange phenomenon is said to exist that ‘higher the essays leaders rise, the less honest feedback they get from followers about their leadership, due to this group think of limiting information. Warren Bennis, Daniel Goleman and James O’Toole (2008); Transparency: How Leaders Create a Culture of to improve Candor.
Bottom up communication is like moving against gravity and admission essays, a high power motor of trust and support is required to ratatouille encourage flow of information upwards. Pre-requisite of correct decision making is smooth upwards flow of information. Lack of candor can be very disastrous. The book recalls the ill-fated Challenger which exploded in mid-air in 1987. Admission Graduate. NASA did not learn its lesson: In 2003, the essay on same sex marriage events were recreated in shape of the Columbia shuttle disaster. The authors lament NASA’s organizational culture where engineers were afraid to raise safety concerns with managers who were obsessed about meeting flight schedules. The book is emphasizing on need to nurturing the admission essays culture of candor. 3.3 MEDIA AGE AND ITS IMPACT ON TEAMWORK. Transparency is enhanced when an organization’s leaders are committed to it.
Actually, the 2011 authors cited a sobering fact: ‘Even when leaders resist it, transparency is inescapable in the digital age.’ Google has it impossible for any candidate to graduate deny past actions or statements. YouTube has changed America’s political discourse. In this idea-packed book, leaders and managers will have a roadmap toward transparency’or culture of candor. They speak of three elements to achieve this: Transparency, trust, and speaking truth to power. ‘Speaking truth to power’ is a new phrase in our leadership vocabulary. Would You Do Essay. It means speaking the truth to admission essays your superior even if he is ‘ to shoot the messenger’meaning, you. Communication hinges upon planning worksheet mutual trust between team members. Communication plays crucial role in team effectiveness and lack of communication appears as a frequently emerging factor contributing to essays deviation and non-compliance. Team communication skills are built on basic communication skills like ability to ‘read and understand information presented’. Importance of listening is often lost and essay on same in australia, seniors find it appropriate to be reading while listening to a reportee. Admission Graduate Essays. Not only this is discourteous but it discourages the speaker and listener also looses in grasping content and pharmacist resume cover letter, intentions. Interactive two way communication with active listening increases communication effectiveness.
Active listening includes attention to non-verbal communication and helps in grasping the intent and intensity of situation along with content. Ability to gain attention of team members, by undertaking coordinated speaking and writing, while asking questions and listening to answers and appreciating unexpected and admission, opposing points of view of others is important. Encouraging silent members to participate can be achieved by seeking to hear about agreements or expression of their reservations. This requires intelligent handling of situation and it is on same sex marriage in australia important to graduate essays see that members are not embarrassed while seeking their involvement. People do not openly oppose popular views and 2011, privately share their disagreements with selected course of action. 3.4 MUTUAL TRUST AND ITS IMPACT ON TEAMWORK. Team Formation and Functioning hinges and sustains on admission trusting. For team members to trust in the team, they must feel that (a) the team is competent enough to the world accomplish their task and (b) that the team will not harm the individual or his or her interests (Daniel R. Ilgen, John R. Hollenbeck, Michael Johnson and Dustin Jundt, 2005).
Team formation often follows the sequence of storming, norming and performing. A team is made up of individuals who have required professional skills to undertake variety of essays jobs to be undertaken like in a surgery procedure we have surgeon, anesthetist, nurses and etc who all contribute to essay effective and efficient outcome. While individual responsibilities vary, every member is committed to contribute to group goal of successful procedure and is willing to admission graduate essays support and help each other. The group may have a leader appointed or mutually selected who coordinates and to improve, leads as required. There is admission graduate essays enabling culture where members openly discuss ideas and express their views in a positive and supportive manner.
This includes expressing disagreements and essay, ability to resolve conflicts in constructive fashion. Everyone actively participates in decision making process by giving their inputs and carefully listening to admission essays inputs of others. The team critically reviews and what you do, monitors its performance and explores new avenues for improvements to continually learn and improve. Members do not hesitate to challenge or question each other’s actions in pursuit of team goals maintaining positivity, (http://www.kent.ac.uk/careers/sk/leadership.htm). 3.5 INDICATORS OF DYSFUNCTIONAL TEAMTEAMWORK. Indicators and symptoms of dysfunctional team must be known to admission essays team leaders and members so that they can apply remedy and treat the japan 2011 team. Some common symptoms include every member not participating and few members dominating agenda leading others to withdraw into oblivion or silence. Essays. Member’s participation gets reduced and only few people contribute ideas because attention is 2011 not given to all members.
Majority passively participates and essays, do not contribute and on same sex marriage, could be ‘indifferent, bored or afraid to graduate contribute’. They may have faced discouragement when their or other member’s ideas were ignored or even ridiculed by laughing it off. Seniors fail to protect minority view to encouraging and appreciating the value of the idea. Members lack the skills to constructively resolve difference of opinion through objective analysis and end up personalizing differences. Ideas may not get be accepted or rejected on merit or those whose ideas get rejected often may get feeling of failure. Members may fake consensus and privately complain about decisions and actions. Instead of cover letter undertaking thorough examination of pros and cons of alternative options, voting may be done to reach decisions, leaving members discontented and uncommitted. Deadlines may get flouted and members focus about their tasks, roles and goals get blurred everyone feeling helpless and members evade discussing how the groups working can be improved. To be able to graduate essays treat such teams we need to persuasive essay worksheet develop Understanding of root causes of admission graduate Dysfunctions of resume 11 form Team. Admission Graduate. The issue is explained nicely in fable; five dysfunctions of a team, where problem stems from lack of trust among team members.
When team members have hidden agenda and prefer individual goals over essay team goals they find it difficult to admission graduate openly discuss their own difficulties, mistakes and weaknesses and are busy justifying their actions and contributions. This defensive framework makes it impossible to japan essay competition built trust which leads to graduate second dysfunction which is fear of conflict. The fear of conflict prohibits members from getting into meaningful and passionate discussion over differences and presenting new and meetings and you do to improve the world essay, discussions produce little outcome. Avoidance of conflict gives birth to third dysfunction: lack of graduate essays commitment. When decision making, performance review etc are conducted with fear of conflict and members do not participate openly, they intrinsically do not buy-in to the decisions on team goals and focus on individual goal.
This lack of commitment to essay team goal lead to fourth dysfunction: avoidance of accountability. When team is not passionately committed to organizational goal or to graduate essays a clear action plan it lacks the ability of thorough introspection and specially it lacks the what essay ability to examine behaviors and essays, actions of peers. Only through strong commitment can one get rid of ratatouille avoidance of admission accountability by thrashing all avenues including challenging peers disregarding fears of conflict. The avoidance of competition accountability leads to fifth dysfunction: Inattention to results. Admission Graduate Essays. Team members forge their departments, divisions or personal agenda and while pretending to participate in deliberations they remain reserved and committed to their personal goals. From planning to execution stage individual goals get undeclared preference and key parameters for organizational goals get obscured. The five dysfunctions can be avoided when team goals have clear preference over individual goals and members trust each other. They shun fear of conflict and essay planning, communicate objectively exploring all options to graduate essays before committing to pharmacist letter the appropriate one.
Decisions made after such deliberations are accepted whole heartedly by members and they hold each other accountable to deliver against the promises made. The members focus on graduate achieving group goals over sub-groups goals and keep monitoring results/outcomes. An understanding of teams functioning and dysfunction can help in persuasive planning worksheet, diagnosing problems and improving team efficiency and effectiveness. Leaders play an graduate essays, important role in the establishment of a safety culture. The leadership role is resume pupel 11 form comprehensive and apart from creating a vision and engaging employees, leaders have to ensure that systems are effectively implemented and admission graduate essays, opportunities created for resume cover letter employees to actively participate. Leaders need to set a positive example and not engage in behaviour that may deteriorate trust and adversely affect their credibility. DIOGNOSTIC TOOL FRAMEWORK. Teamwork is not limited to domain of graduate particular school like HRM or SHRM. Essay Worksheet. Team is graduate essays formed when at least two (or) at least three people join hands for a purpose.
The union brings into interaction a number of sciences, approaches and what would to improve the world essay, theories into play including followings. (http://web.mit.edu/16.459/www/Salas.pdf): ‘Social psychological approach’: ‘Human resource approach’: ‘Coalition forming approach’: ‘Functional (taxonomic) or task-oriented approach’: Teamwork being multi-school specialty and applying universal principles or rules is difficult. Admission Essays. Inhibitions and perceptions shall impact effectiveness but diagnosing and treating problem is on same in australia complex in the absence of agreement on fundamentals including shared goals and mutual trust. The scope is limited to perception of team members on fundamentals, essentials, and as many desirables as appropriate. Teamwork and leadership are intertwined as team cannot function without effective leader. Members find it hard to admission graduate express feelings about leader but how they feel about leader impacts their contribution to team. ‘ Trust is paramount between leader to members, members to leader, and what you do to improve the world, members to members. ‘ Individual’s goals must be aligned to Team goals and every individual must value team goals over essays individual goals. ‘ Core values are important and leader must be reiterating core values and reward should be value based. ‘ Team members are interdependent in achievement of team goals as well as their personal goals.
‘ Self esteem and inner feelings and perception about leader are important. Team members feeling good being in team and desire to remain part of team. ‘ Comprehensive review of functions and dysfunctions can help evaluate a team’s effectiveness. ‘ Degree of involvement and participation during reviews, meetings through communication, conflict resolution with focus on vitals and goals. ‘ Team skills to japan essay competition built enabling environment to graduate improve team functioning. ‘ Goals and ratatouille, roles clarity. ‘ Communication and graduate, information flow. ‘ Team skills to built enabling environment to ratatouille essay improve team functioning.
‘ Innovation and creativity. ‘ Equity in Reward and Compensation. ‘ Training and Development. RESULT: DIAGNOSTIC INSTRUMENT TESTING. 5.1 INTRODUCTION: The sample from the selected organization who responded are given below: S. No Deptt Name Total Respondents Total Employees Sample. 1 Operations 11 218 5.05. 2 Cargo 10 212 4.72. 3 Ramp 8 194 4.12.
4 Admin 4 83 4.82. 5 Accounts 5 59 8.47. TOTAL 40 770 5.19. FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION TABLE: PART I. Q. No Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree Total. 1 6 17 4 9 2 38. 2 3 18 6 8 3 38.
3 4 21 8 4 1 38. 4 8 24 6 1 0 39. 5 12 24 2 0 0 38. 6 14 20 2 2 0 38. 7 4 17 13 1 1 36. 8 6 21 4 3 3 37. 9 4 10 10 6 5 35. 10 1 11 7 7 9 35. 11 3 11 9 5 7 35. 12 8 20 6 0 1 35. 13 4 18 4 5 4 35.
14 1 6 20 4 1 32. Leadership Questions: Part II. Q. No Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree Total. 1 2 22 5 5 2 36. 2 2 10 11 6 0 29. 3 4 22 6 2 1 35. 4 4 19 10 2 0 35. 5 2 16 11 4 1 34. 6 7 15 8 4 1 35.
7 3 14 9 5 2 33. 9 1 14 8 6 1 30. 10 2 15 5 5 2 29. 11 8 6 3 7 7 31. 12 4 16 5 5 1 31. Part III: Teamwork. Q. No Strongly Agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly Disagree Total. 1 15 14 4 4 0 37. 2 7 20 7 3 0 37.
3 9 20 7 2 0 38. 4 3 17 11 6 0 37. 5 1 17 12 6 1 37. 6 1 15 13 5 2 36. 7 9 8 13 3 2 35. 8 9 18 6 1 1 35. 9 9 15 10 2 0 36. 10 7 18 5 6 0 36. 11 5 21 6 3 2 37. 12 12 21 2 2 0 37.
13 5 13 11 6 1 36. 14 9 17 8 2 0 36. 15 4 3 6 14 10 37. 16 1 15 10 10 0 36. 17 8 12 5 10 0 35. PART I (experience and response. AGE Question SA A N DA SDA. 0-5 YEARS 1 1 2 1 0 0 4 36. 6-10 YEARS 1 0 2 0 1 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 1 0 3 0 2 1 6.
16-20 YEARS 1 1 3 0 0 1 5. 21-265 YEARS 1 4 5 3 6 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 2 0 2 1 1 0 4 36. 6-10 YEARS 2 0 1 1 0 1 3. 11-15 YEARS 2 1 3 1 1 0 6. 16-20 YEARS 2 1 2 0 1 1 5. 21-265 YEARS 2 1 9 3 4 1 18. 0-5 YEARS 3 0 2 2 0 0 4 36. 6-10 YEARS 3 0 2 0 0 1 3. 11-15 YEARS 3 0 4 1 1 0 6.
16-20 YEARS 3 0 4 1 0 0 5. 21-265 YEARS 3 4 8 3 3 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 4 1 3 2 0 0 6 39. 6-10 YEARS 4 0 2 1 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 4 1 4 0 1 0 6. 16-20 YEARS 4 1 5 0 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 4 5 9 4 0 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 5 1 3 0 0 0 4 36. 6-10 YEARS 5 0 2 0 0 0 2.
11-15 YEARS 5 1 5 0 0 0 6. 16-20 YEARS 5 3 3 0 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 5 7 9 2 0 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 6 1 2 1 0 0 4 37. 6-10 YEARS 6 1 1 1 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 6 3 2 0 1 0 6. 16-20 YEARS 6 3 3 0 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 6 6 11 0 1 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 7 1 3 0 0 0 4 34. 6-10 YEARS 7 0 0 2 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 7 0 4 2 0 0 6.
16-20 YEARS 7 1 2 3 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 7 2 7 5 1 1 16. 0-5 YEARS 8 0 4 0 0 0 4 35. 6-10 YEARS 8 0 2 0 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 8 0 3 1 0 1 5. 16-20 YEARS 8 0 4 0 1 1 6. 21-265 YEARS 8 6 7 2 2 1 18.
0-5 YEARS 9 0 1 1 0 0 2 33. 6-10 YEARS 9 0 1 1 1 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 9 1 2 2 0 1 6. 16-20 YEARS 9 2 2 1 1 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 9 1 4 4 4 3 16. 0-5 YEARS 10 0 1 1 0 1 3 34. 6-10 YEARS 10 0 2 0 0 1 3. 11-15 YEARS 10 0 1 2 0 3 6. 16-20 YEARS 10 1 1 1 3 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 10 0 6 3 3 4 16. 0-5 YEARS 11 0 2 1 0 0 3 34.
6-10 YEARS 11 0 2 0 1 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 11 0 2 2 1 1 6. 16-20 YEARS 11 1 0 1 1 3 6. 21-265 YEARS 11 2 4 5 2 3 16. 0-5 YEARS 12 0 2 1 0 0 3 34. 6-10 YEARS 12 0 2 1 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 12 1 5 0 0 0 6.
16-20 YEARS 12 3 2 1 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 12 4 8 3 0 1 16. 0-5 YEARS 13 0 2 1 0 0 3 34. 6-10 YEARS 13 0 2 0 1 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 13 1 2 1 2 0 6. 16-20 YEARS 13 0 4 1 0 1 6. 21-265 YEARS 13 3 8 1 1 3 16. 0-5 YEARS 14 0 1 2 0 0 3 31. 6-10 YEARS 14 0 0 2 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 14 0 1 3 1 0 5.
16-20 YEARS 14 0 2 4 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 14 1 1 9 3 1 15. PART II (experience and response) AGE Question SA A N DA SDA. 0-5 YEARS 1 1 1 2 0 0 4 34. 6-10 YEARS 1 0 2 1 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 1 0 3 0 2 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 1 0 3 0 1 1 5.
21-265 YEARS 1 1 11 2 2 1 17. 0-5 YEARS 2 0 3 0 0 0 3 27. 6-10 YEARS 2 0 1 1 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 2 0 0 2 3 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 2 0 1 2 1 0 4. 21-265 YEARS 2 2 6 3 2 0 13. 0-5 YEARS 3 0 4 0 0 0 4 33. 6-10 YEARS 3 0 2 0 1 0 3.
11-15 YEARS 3 0 5 0 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 3 1 2 0 1 0 4. 21-265 YEARS 3 3 8 5 0 1 17. 0-5 YEARS 4 0 2 1 0 0 3 33. 6-10 YEARS 4 0 1 1 1 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 4 1 1 3 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 4 1 2 1 1 0 5. 21-265 YEARS 4 2 12 3 0 0 17. 0-5 YEARS 5 0 2 1 0 0 3 32. 6-10 YEARS 5 0 2 0 1 0 3.
11-15 YEARS 5 0 2 3 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 5 2 1 1 1 0 5. 21-265 YEARS 5 0 7 6 2 1 16. 0-5 YEARS 6 0 3 0 0 0 3 33. 6-10 YEARS 6 0 1 1 1 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 6 0 2 3 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 6 2 2 0 1 0 5. 21-265 YEARS 6 4 6 4 2 1 17. 0-5 YEARS 7 0 2 1 0 0 3 31. 6-10 YEARS 7 1 0 0 1 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 7 0 0 1 4 0 5.
16-20 YEARS 7 1 2 2 0 0 5. 21-265 YEARS 7 1 8 5 0 2 16. 0-5 YEARS 8 0 3 0 0 0 3 32. 6-10 YEARS 8 0 2 0 0 1 3. 11-15 YEARS 8 0 0 1 2 2 5. 16-20 YEARS 8 0 2 0 2 1 5. 21-265 YEARS 8 5 1 3 4 3 16. 0-5 YEARS 9 0 2 0 1 0 3 29.
6-10 YEARS 9 0 3 0 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 9 0 0 2 3 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 9 0 2 3 0 0 5. 21-265 YEARS 9 1 6 3 2 1 13. 0-5 YEARS 10 0 1 0 1 0 2 28. 6-10 YEARS 10 0 3 0 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 10 0 0 2 3 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 10 0 3 1 0 1 5. 21-265 YEARS 10 2 7 2 1 1 13. 0-5 YEARS 11 1 1 0 0 0 2 30.
6-10 YEARS 11 0 1 1 0 1 3. 11-15 YEARS 11 0 1 1 1 2 5. 16-20 YEARS 11 1 1 0 2 1 5. 21-265 YEARS 11 5 2 1 4 3 15. 0-5 YEARS 12 0 2 0 0 0 2 30. 6-10 YEARS 12 1 1 0 1 0 3.
11-15 YEARS 12 0 3 0 2 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 12 0 3 0 1 1 5. 21-265 YEARS 12 3 8 3 0 1 15. PART III (experience and response) AGE Question SA A N DA SDA. 0-5 YEARS 1 0 3 0 0 0 3 35.
6-10 YEARS 1 0 3 0 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 1 5 0 0 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 1 3 3 0 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 1 7 3 4 4 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 2 0 1 2 0 0 3 35. 6-10 YEARS 2 0 3 0 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 2 2 2 1 0 0 5.
16-20 YEARS 2 1 5 0 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 2 4 7 4 3 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 3 1 3 0 0 0 4 36. 6-10 YEARS 3 0 2 1 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 3 2 2 1 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 3 2 4 0 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 3 4 7 5 2 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 4 0 0 2 1 0 3 35. 6-10 YEARS 4 0 3 0 0 0 3.
11-15 YEARS 4 0 3 1 1 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 4 0 3 2 1 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 4 2 8 6 2 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 5 0 2 1 0 0 3 35. 6-10 YEARS 5 0 2 1 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 5 0 2 3 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 5 0 3 1 2 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 5 0 8 6 3 1 18. 0-5 YEARS 6 0 1 2 0 0 3 34. 6-10 YEARS 6 0 3 0 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 6 1 3 1 0 0 5.
16-20 YEARS 6 0 1 2 1 1 5. 21-265 YEARS 6 0 7 7 3 1 18. 0-5 YEARS 7 0 0 3 0 0 3 33. 6-10 YEARS 7 0 1 0 1 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 7 2 0 2 0 0 4. 16-20 YEARS 7 2 1 3 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 7 5 5 5 1 2 18. 0-5 YEARS 8 0 2 1 0 0 3 34. 6-10 YEARS 8 0 3 0 0 0 3.
11-15 YEARS 8 1 3 0 0 0 4. 16-20 YEARS 8 1 4 0 0 1 6. 21-265 YEARS 8 7 6 5 0 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 9 0 1 2 0 0 3 33. 6-10 YEARS 9 0 2 0 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 9 0 2 1 1 0 4. 16-20 YEARS 9 1 2 3 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 9 6 7 4 1 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 10 2 1 1 0 0 4 34. 6-10 YEARS 10 0 2 0 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 10 1 3 0 0 0 4.
16-20 YEARS 10 1 4 0 1 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 10 3 7 3 5 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 11 0 3 0 0 0 3 35. 6-10 YEARS 11 0 2 1 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 11 0 4 0 0 1 5. 16-20 YEARS 11 1 5 0 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 11 4 6 5 2 1 18. 0-5 YEARS 12 0 2 1 0 0 3 35. 6-10 YEARS 12 1 2 0 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 12 1 4 0 0 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 12 3 3 0 0 0 6.
21-265 YEARS 12 7 8 1 2 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 13 0 1 2 0 0 3 34. 6-10 YEARS 13 0 1 1 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 13 1 1 1 2 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 13 2 2 2 0 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 13 2 7 5 3 1 18. 0-5 YEARS 14 0 3 0 0 0 3 34. 6-10 YEARS 14 0 1 1 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 14 2 2 1 0 0 5.
16-20 YEARS 14 1 3 1 1 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 14 6 8 3 1 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 15 0 0 1 1 1 3 35. 6-10 YEARS 15 0 0 0 3 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 15 1 1 0 1 2 5. 16-20 YEARS 15 2 1 0 2 1 6. 21-265 YEARS 15 1 1 4 6 6 18. 0-5 YEARS 16 0 0 1 1 0 2 33.
6-10 YEARS 16 0 1 2 0 0 3. 11-15 YEARS 16 0 2 1 2 0 5. 16-20 YEARS 16 1 3 1 0 0 5. 21-265 YEARS 16 0 9 4 5 0 18. 0-5 YEARS 17 0 0 1 1 0 2 33. 6-10 YEARS 17 0 2 0 0 0 2. 11-15 YEARS 17 2 1 2 0 0 5.
16-20 YEARS 17 2 2 0 2 0 6. 21-265 YEARS 17 4 6 4 4 0 18. RESULT: ANALYSIS OF RESULT. Doing Great or just ordinary (Organization) RESEARCH METHODOLOGY DESIGN EXECUTION. Teamwork appeared to be a novel idea and it was expected that flocks of interested parties would be eager to benefit from the study. What appeared to be a great idea soon hit a difficulty. Teamwork cannot be examined in essays, isolation as leadership is integral part of the pharmacist episode.
Leadership cannot be tested in isolation and has to be seen in context of organizational approach towards human resource. The methodology of admission graduate essays testing leadership and essay on same, teamwork or standard HR issues attracted inhibitions and fear. The organization that initially welcomed the idea and admission graduate, was insisting that test be applied on the most crucial department suddenly backed out and planning worksheet, refused to support the admission graduate research. Persuasive Essay Worksheet. The fallout of adverse finding was fearsome and inability to collect data could derail the project.. The biggest question was, how do I get access to graduate the data that was crucial to test the idea and concept. Credibility of researcher was not an issue. In fact established credibility and interest in essay on same, topic was the admission essays cause of initial encouragement and support.
The organization valued the planning need of research but and also believed in capability of researcher but was skeptical of fall out of adverse finding and its impact. Seeking a new organization to admission graduate support research became difficult. The diagnostic framework was liked by professionals but like venereal disease there was sensitivity involved and one cannot allow published research. Faced with this dilemma this researcher chooses a quasi unethical course. An organization was selected where a fair deal of goodwill was enjoyed.
The designed instrument was administered on top management who filled the questionnaire. This was treated as tacit approval and the quietly administered on resume a set of employees of various departments. The process highlighted the importance of finalizing data collection methodology and admission graduate essays, degree os access required. Perfectly good idea may get bogged down for reasons of sensitivity or interest of other party. 6.2 EMPLOYEE PERCEPTION.
Teamwork essentials and desirables are intangible and how can these be measured was the first question. Perception of employees was the answer but is the essay perception of employees about leadership issues correct. Employees are biased and do not have ability to essays see leaders actions objectively. How can a study be dependent on such perception was the next question. The answer was that perception is resume cover letter more important than reality and its part of leadership responsibility to maintain employee perception. Having decided to collect data about essays, employee perception the next question was how to persuade employees to respond objectively and not in a manner where they form expectations of management decisions on the basis of resume pupel research and feed tainted information. This part was attempted by correctly briefing them that this is not a management sponsored activity but a project of an admission essays, individual and of pure academic consequence. It is believed that employees accepted this truth on in australia face value. Convenience sample was chosen and test was dispensed in single sitting and successfully we obtained result from 5 % of admission essays organization employees.
6.3 INSTRUMENT VERSATILITY AND APPLICATION. The instrument was designed to cover various types of industries, types of organizations like government or private and resume cover, also various department and experience level. Despite the ease in survey due to internet based launch and ease associated with calculations, such methodology was rejected as there has to be focus on admission essays sufficient input from same organization. At some stage the study scope may be increased to cover issues of resume industry but teamwork itself is such delicate variable likely to get effected by intangibles, so the temptation was curbed and conventional data collection and graduate, analysis was undertaken. Only one organization was covered and just over 5 % employees responded. Fortunately all departments got adequate representation.
6.3.1 MORE ON VERSATILITY. The questions about planning worksheet, department and years of service brackets gave us ability to examine difference in graduate, response in terms of various strata of the organization. Such analysis shall allow OD initiative to be focused and prudent instead of being generalized. While formulating action plan the on same department or experience level and perception is revealing and immensely valuable. 5 point scale was selected for its ease, popularity and power to express outcome in statistically viable term. Instead of graduate limiting research to its scope of essay planning worksheet leadership and teamwork, other HR attributes like equity, training and development and etc were included as defective basic structure cannot be expected to yield true teamwork fruits. Graduate. PART I questions are focused on HR issues that effects organizations structure while Part II and Part III focuses on leadership and Teamwork areas. 6.4 RESEARCH SETTING.
Faced with the worksheet dilemma of admission graduate refusal from initially agreed participant, this researcher was confused and disillusioned. Importance of confidentiality now became important as it would be inappropriate to name the organization that initially approved access but just before start of dispensing refused access for reason that its reputation and/or prestige may get effected. Where do you find another organization? I saw a CEO and gave him the test; they obliged and also helped me improve the form. I also gave the form to to improve few senior officers of the organization to which the CEO did not object. This was treated as tacit approval and I dispensed convenience sample to a mix of people who represented over 5 % of the admission population. Participants were gathered in persuasive essay, various departments and requested to express their views, who believed CEO has consented to pure academic study and not a management initiative.
Desperate times require desperate measures. The time constraint of researcher did not allow practice of higher level of ethics. The lesson learned was that method of data collection has to be discussed in greater detail at start of project, It is duty of researcher to analyze potential areas of sensitivity and carefully design project which remain attractive to organization, The disguise I practiced was to arrange a class size of about 30 students and essays, gave a lecture on sex marriage in australia methods of having a documented Quality Management System and also administered the test to admission the class which duly represented all departments. The mandate was unethically exceeded. Planning. The important question remains; Have you considered fully the extent and admission essays, nature of the access that you will require in cover letter, order to be able to answer your research question and meet your objectives? The answer is graduate essays yes. The sample does represent the population as given in table below as all departments are duly represented. Persuasive Essay Planning. More importantly, the research question has been addressed to graduate essays answer the research question. Ratatouille Essay. Why teamwork is graduate essays so rare in real world is better understood after the study and shall be discussed in essay, the coming chapter. S. No Deptt Name Total Respondents Total Employees Sample. 1 Operations 11 218 5.05.
2 Cargo 10 212 4.72. 3 Ramp 8 194 4.12. 4 Admin 4 83 4.82. 5 Accounts 5 59 8.47. TOTAL 40 770 5.19. 6.4.1 Few respondents were hesitant in addressing all questions while few did not want to participate. Graduate Essays. Those willing to omit any question were allowed to do so and those who were reluctant to what would you do the world essay participate were given the paper with request to return filled questionnaire if they had a change of heart.
None reappeared to return blank or filled sheet. The questionnaire was based on admission graduate essays the methodology developed to assess the fundamentals, essentials and resume 11 form, desirables of teamwork and leadership. The scope was increased to include Strategic Human Resource essentials to assess that pre-requisites or ground work for team work exists or not. The Part I of admission essays instrument focused on basic policies and essentials of modern organization. Without satisfactory compliance to Part I the question of having good leadership and teamwork will be premature to answer. Resume 11 Form. An organization having failed to address basics may first address the more important issues before going for graduate essays teamwork excellence.
Leadership and Teamwork may fail due to functional factors or dysfunctional elements as given in template. Response is depicted as shown below and five point responses were awarded -2, -1, 0, 1 and 2 for responses of strongly agreed to strongly disagree. The response is multiplied by frequency of each response to calculate average the response is also reflected in pie chart and mean is reflected in resume pupel, pie chart. Graduate Essays. For comparison of departments response pie chart has been used and experience response is represented by mean. Three prong analysis of single question, overall response, then response by three major departments to the same question besides experience 1-15 and more than 15 years response provide a multi-dimensional view of research question. Question:1 Perception about essay, Organizations performance. strongly Agree Agree disagree strongly Disagree. QNO Great Good Neutral not good bad Total. 1 6 17 4 9 2 38. % 15.8 44.7 10.5 23.7 5.3 100.0. CODE ‘X” -2.0 -1.0 0.0 1.0 2.0 SUM FxX.
(F)x(X) -12.0 -17.0 0.0 9.0 4.0 -16.0. VERY HIGH HIGH AVERAGE VERY LOW. This division of overall response into responses from three major departments like Operations, Ramp and admission essays, Cargo and then the response has been viewed against experience of respondents from 0-5 years, 6-10 years, 11-15 years, 16-29 years and more than 20 years. The information was rearranged into responses of pharmacist resume cover employees with less than 15 years experience and more than 15 years experience for simplicity. Looking at research question from departments stand point and experience stand point along with total response give a fair insight into the research question and also indicative of target audience to administer OD solutions. Five respondents were selected to reappear in essays, the test to japan 2011 measure reliability of instrument. The reliability varied between 78-88 % which is considered good.
Validity of the admission graduate essays instrument was assessed by randomly including or excluding part of pharmacist resume letter data and overall change in result was not substantial. With more sample population the admission reliability shall improve. Teamwork comes from shared goals and objectives and leadership creates the would you do the world essay environment of goal and/or resource sharing. Admission Graduate Essays. What appeared to japan 2011 be a great idea soon hit a difficulty as sponsors were looking for outcome that would glorify them and adverse findings would be kept under wrap? Organizations like to graduate avoid addressing concepts of strategic human resource management (SHRM) without being on resume record. Essential functions like recruitment or selection, training and development or maintaining equity, most principles are violated on the pretext of contingency (or expediency). An organization that does not view its human capital as resource and treats it as expense shall find it difficult to promote team environment. Graduate Essays. Where HR is not a business partner but an expense, albeit, to save organization from litigation alone cannot hope to be great in pupel, teamwork or leadership. So before going into teamwork we have to assess the level of management awareness and adherence to modern practice of exploiting human potentials. Part I of instrument was designed to assess SHRM essentials as a prerequisite for admission leadership and teamwork.
7.2 Leadership is not about vibrant personality, charisma, and some oratory. Leadership has been defined as ‘the act of essay arousing, engaging, and satisfying the motives of followers’in an environment of conflict, competition, or change’that results in essays, the follower taking a course of action toward a mutually shared vision'(Drea Zigrami et al, 2005-p174). Resume Pupel. Leadership is not about manipulating or exploiting followers. It cannot be faked. ‘Good leaders don’t ask more than their constituents can give, but they often ask’and get’more than their constituents intended to give or thought it was possible to give.’ The leadership role is comprehensive and apart from creating a vision and graduate essays, engaging employees, leaders have to ensure that systems are effectively implemented and would, opportunities are created for graduate employees to essay in australia actively get involved and deliver. Leaders need to set a positive example and graduate, encourage teamwork by rewarding enabling behavior. Employee perception on ratatouille essay about leadership matters has direct bearing on admission graduate organizations environment and japan competition 2011, outcome. 7.3 The interdependence with conflicting individual goals and admission graduate essays, common team goals create a situation of essay tension. Graduate. Teamwork requires understanding how my part of job affects other person and the ultimate goal. Individuals have to look beyond their unique activities and understand the essay bigger picture for organizational effectiveness.
Communication, mutual trust, decision making and conflict resolution are some essential traits of effective team. To this day I know of essays no one who disagrees with benefits of ratatouille essay teamwork; not even the contrarian’s. There is unanimity of views on admission graduate essays benefits and importance of teamwork but few achieve desired goal. Teamwork and leadership are intertwined as team cannot function without effective leader. Leader unifies team for shared goal and persuasive worksheet, cause. Trust is paramount between leader and member’s goals are aligned. Graduate. Perception about leader is managed and what would you do the world essay, involvement and participation is graduate essays maximized through inclusive leadership.
The study develops a three part framework to gather employees perception about SHRM issues in Part I, Leadership issues in Part II and Teamwork issues in Part III. Ratatouille Essay. Statistical analysis quantifies the result. Multi-view of same parameter is possible by viewing it from various angles like response of department and response by experience level. Multi-dimensional view allows better understanding of demography effect on perception and admission graduate, allows for targeted solution for ratatouille essay perception alteration/management. Study has brought forward employee perception on important issues which are generally considered intangibles. Jumping to conclusion and applying remedy without root cause analysis and carefully devised strategy is not fraught without danger. Admission Graduate. Things have to change.
Top management is too focused on ratatouille bottom line and on external customer. The roots of success can be traced to essays satisfied internal customer commonly called employees. Employee’s perception about terms of contract, leadership and what would essay, teamwork variables must find inclusion in leader’s dashboard as most results emanate from these intangibles. This study has developed a framework to address the issues of importance but more research is required on unearthing root cause of such perception through interviews, focus groups or exit interviews etc. Most perceptions could have roots in admission graduate essays, mistrust and lack of involvement and inadequate communication.
OD practitioners and scientists are invited to on same in australia take the study forward. Admission Graduate. The diagnostic may be applied as a starting point and japan essay competition, then research be undertaken to diagnose underlying cause. Remedy shall of course follow. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Management essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in admission, our area of japan essay competition 2011 expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Management work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours.
This Management essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: The ‘teamwork’ concept – cause and effect. . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/management/essay-the-teamwork-concept-cause-and-effect/ [05-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal: 21-12-16 - Public relations 06-11-16 - Total safety management 05-11-16 - Public Relations and Crisis Management in Tertiary Institutions 03-11-16 - Talent management 26-08-16 - Internal and external factors that can affect the supply chain management - Cultism in tertiary institution 28-07-16 - Organisational Behaviour 29-06-16 - Logistics survey 05-03-16 - Differences between leaders and managers 04-03-16 - Mass production of goods and graduate, work flow.
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100 Easy Causal Analysis Essay Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for admission essays, over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and cover letter easier. Causal analysis essays answer the graduate question, Why? Many times, answer to this question can't be proved absolutely, so sometimes this essay is essay competition 2011 called a speculating about admission essays, causes essay. To write it, you will describe what happens and then state your answer (aka thesis) about the cause, providing support for your answer with reasons and evidence. • Why do people do that? • Why does this happen? • Why is this a trend? • Why does it occur? What causes people to develop phobias? Why do some people become addicted to pharmacist cover letter, gambling when others can gamble and not become addicted? What causes people to rise above a disadvantaged background such as poverty, a single-parent household, or abusive parents? What are the admission graduate essays chemical causes of falling in love? What causes feeling of resume pupel 11 form romantic attraction to fade?
What causes love at admission essays first sight? Why do people lose their memories as they get older? Why do people need to sleep? Why do we develop muscle memory for some repetitive actions? Why do people experience nightmares? Why do some marriages last for a lifetime? Why do we have short and long term memory? Why do people get dyslexia?
Why do we respond physically to fear? Why do we yawn (or hiccup, or stretch)? Why can people, who have their eyes closed, sense objects they are approaching but not yet touching? What makes some people introverts and others extroverts? Why is methamphetamine so addictive? Why do people crave sugar? Why do some families look so much alike, while others don't? Why do first born children tend to be achievers?
Why do people snore? Why do people lie? Why do people blush? Why do people hate? Why do teenagers rebel against their parents? Why do teens get acne? Why do teens sleep so much? Why do teens cut themselves? Why do people commit suicide? Why do teens engage in sexting? Why do young people start smoking when they know it causes cancer?
Why do young people sometimes get cancer? or have heart attacks? Why do teenagers use drugs? Why do college students binge drink? Why do young people become homeless? Why do young people join gangs? Why do young people make graffiti? Why do fewer young people vote (compared to older generations)? Why don't younger people donate blood? or become organ donors? Why don't teenage relationships last? Why don't teenagers read?
Why don't teen marriages last? Why are teenagers more optimistic than older people? Why are young people better at essay on same in australia learning languages than older people? Why do adolescent girls need more iron than adults or boys their age? Why do teenage girls idolize male celebrities? Why do adolescents need protein? Why do adolescent girls mature faster than boys? Why do adolescents need to establish their own identity? What type of Why question most interests you? Why do animals have tails? Why do some animals like to be petted?
Why do elderly people with pets live longer, healthier, and happier lives? Why are pets good for graduate, kids? Why do dogs eat strange things like grass and poop? Why do cats show pleasure by essay on same sex marriage, purring and kneading? Why do cats like to sleep in boxes and other strange places? Why do cats who are well-fed still hunt? Why do birds build elaborate nests? Why do monarch butterflies migrate long distances? Why do ants and bees live in essays colonies? Why do wolves howl?
Why did humans domesticate wolves and breed them to become dogs? Why do some insects and jellyfish glow? What causes tides? Or the wind? What causes insects like crickets and cicadas to make such loud noises? Why are animals used in research? Why are animals afraid of humans? Why is larger size an advantage for animals in colder climates? Why do small dogs live longer than bigger dogs? Why are some animals becoming endangered?
Why is nature so therapeutic? Why are insects attracted to light? Why are insects the most successful animals on japan essay competition 2011 earth? Why are microbes important to human beings? Why are so many Americans against graduate essays the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare)? Why are some Euro countries like Greece in such economic turmoil? Why are rates of AIDS transmission higher in Africa than elsewhere? Why do Japanese couples delay marriage? Why does Japan have higher suicides rates than many other countries? Why are large typhoons and hurricanes like Haiyan happening more frequently? What has caused the unrest in ratatouille the Middle East which resulted in the Arab Spring Movement and Syria's civil war?
What caused the Great Recession of 2008? Why are random shootings becoming more common in admission graduate the U.S.? What causes terrorist groups to resume pupel, target certain countries? (You could choose a country.) What caused the U.S. government shut down of 2013? Why is essays North Korea so closed to would to improve the world, the rest of the admission essays world? Or why is it becoming more belligerent toward other nations? Why are more and more people moving to large cities and away from rural areas? (You could talk about this worldwide or apply this question to one country or region of the world.) Why has the 11 form neo-conservative movement developed in American politics? Why has neo-Nazism been on admission graduate essays the rise in Germany? Why is China going to ease up on essay on same in australia the one-child policy? Why did Donald Trump win in the 2016 election? Why have the police been targeted by gunmen recently in the U.S.?
Why are terrorists choosing to use vehicles as weapons? Why did the Arab Spring movement not lead to successful democratic societies? Why is admission Twitter the ratatouille essay medium of choice for Donald Trump? What caused the French Revolution? What caused the development of graduate essays American slavery system?
What caused the settlement of Australia by the English? What caused the what to improve essay colonization of essays Africa? Why does English have so many words of ratatouille essay French origin? Why is English the main language used around the world in business and science? Why does India have a caste system? Why are the Chinese still interested in religion after years of atheist communism? What caused the great Chinese famine in the Great Leap Forward? What caused the admission black plague of the Middle Ages to stop? What caused Great Britain to cover letter, adopt the graduate parliamentary system? Why does America have an educational system that is different from the essay European system used by admission, most of the rest of the world?
Why, according to the 2000 U.S. Census information, did more Americans identify with German ancestry (15%) than any other heritage (Irish was second at 10%, and essay African American was third at 8%)? Why did Japan attack the admission essays U.S. at Pearl Harbor? or Why did America drop an pupel 11 form atomic bomb to admission essays, end the war? Why is it important to study history? (Depending on how you answer, this could be worked into essay competition a causal essay topic.) After choosing your topic question, you can research online to get some ideas of possible answers. Title: The causal question makes a great title for your essay. However, you should probably make the graduate essays question as short as possible for the title. Persuasive Planning Worksheet? Your answer to the question will be the admission thesis of your paper. Introduction: Start your introduction by pharmacist resume, interesting your reader in the topic and graduate essays describing the situation or effect.
See the chart for japan 2011, easy introduction and conclusion ideas. The end of your introduction will be your cause question and thesis. Thesis: Start your thesis by asking your question and then answering it. To make your thesis into admission essays a clear roadmap of what you will talk about in your essay, add a because followed by the three reasons you will give in the body of your essay. Body: Be careful to write the reasons in essay sex marriage parallel format. Sample Thesis: Why do people enjoy being scared at a horror movie?
Humans enjoy scary movies because they feel an emotional release in watching and talking with other people about the experience, and they get a vicarious thrill in seeing the admission graduate essays forbidden on the screen. (Of course, you can have more than just three reasons, and you may have several paragraphs on pupel one reason if you have several parts of that reason to discuss.) Topic Sentences of Body: For your body paragraphs, take your three reasons and turn them into full sentences. Those are your topic sentences for the body paragraphs of your essay. Admission Essays? Gather evidence from your own observations and from research. Conclusion: In the conclusion, you want to either urge the essay planning worksheet reader to believe your reasons or give a final point. See ideas in the chart below.
Easy Introductions and Conclusions. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. Easy Argumentative Essay Topics for College Students. by Virginia Kearney 5. by Virginia Kearney 6. 100 Easy Illustration Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 3. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37. Admission Graduate Essays? How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by pharmacist, Laura Writes 40. this really helped! Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from United States. Admission Essays? Breathing, I am glad that this post helped you. Pharmacist Cover Letter? I have many more articles about admission graduate essays, writing. Please look at my How to Write a Cause Essay for would to improve essay, introduction and admission essays conclusion ideas and Technology Topics for japan essay competition, Research Essays for essays, more topics. Sajib 23 months ago from Bangladesh. On Same Sex Marriage? Thanks a lot for posting such a wonderful and helpful post!
It will help us a lot who always look to create great casual analysis essays. Really you have some excellent and breathtaking ideas! These questions always come to our mind but very few us are able to admission essays, find the answers. I hope you will also shed some light on resume the following issues: 1. A few similar questions on the technology niche. Graduate Essays? 2. A few exciting ideas about the body like the introductory and concluding ideas. If I get these things it will help me specially and lot of others. Hoping to have some more great things from you! Kathryn Lane 23 months ago. Resume Pupel? This was really helpful, thank you! Thank you so much!
Kader 3 years ago from Algeria. Graduate Essays? Nice and helpful tips on which teach rely and reffer to.Thank you so much. Maree Michael Martin 3 years ago from planning, Northwest Washington on an Island. Very helpful. I love all these questions and essay topics, thanks.
Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. Another great post for teachers and students! I always learn to much from graduate, your sharing. Thank you! Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Thanks Hezekiah--I am hoping that I can help people. So many of the people who teach the beginning levels of japan essay college English are graduate students who are just beginning teachers themselves.
I know how hard it can be to come up with good lesson plans and instructions. That is why I've decided to post my own notes and instructions that I've developed in teaching for over 20 years. Hezekiah 3 years ago from Japan. Nice tips there, I wish I would have known these while I was still at admission graduate essays Uni or High School. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Ratatouille Essay? Other product and admission company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is japan a registered Service Mark of admission graduate HubPages, Inc.
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I'm going to generalize, but you should know this. They're typically boring, underdeveloped without sufficient details, and very unpersuasive. Remember, the admission graduate essays, scholarship essay is resume, a piece of persuasion. The people reviewing your essay will be going through a bunch of graduate essays applications, and you need to distinguish yourself. Cover Letter. You need to make the admission graduate, reader care. English-language films , Essay , Essays 1357 Words | 4 Pages. ?Writing Essays Always begin with an essay plan.
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GRADUATE SCHOOL ADMISSIONS ESSAYS Preparation Before applying, understand why attending graduate school makes sense to you. To clarify why . you want to attend graduate school at this point in admission graduate essays, your life, try answering questions such as: • What will this degree enable you to achieve? • What do you plan to do with your advanced degree? Be able to express what about essay worksheet, you and your experiences will help you to succeed in the program: • Make lists of professors, courses, research projects. Bachelor's degree , College , Essay 675 Words | 2 Pages. “A Word About Words” Havel Evaluation Havel's essay entitled “A Word About Words,” Havel came to the conclusion. We have an ethical duty . to always be suspicious of words. The three arguments Havel makes to support this claim are that we've always believed in the power of words to change history, and graduate essays all events in the real world always have their prologue in the realm of essay in australia words. This conclusion needs a lot of support and strong examples that are relevant, reasonable, and sufficient. Havel's. 2002 albums , Argument , Czechoslovakia 910 Words | 3 Pages. ENG 102 WP-1 - Evaluation Essay Write an essay that evaluates the value or effectiveness of something according to criteria . you establish or identify in the essay . The Genre: You’re familiar with the admission graduate, book and movie reviews that appear in newspapers, magazines, and what would you do to improve websites.
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Debate , Emotion , Essay 644 Words | 2 Pages. writing essays BASIC OUTLINE OF AN ESSAY ? Essays will have different purposes but most follow the on same in australia, same . basic outline, that is: 1. Essays. Introduction 2. Body 3. Would You Do To Improve The World. Conclusion BASICS OF ESSAY WRITING INTRODUCTION ? Introduction – introduce the topic in essays, an interesting way, attract the reader somehow. You can try to japan competition, catch the admission, reader?s attention by for example presenting som interesting/shocking facts or by japan competition 2011 telling a personal story. ? Thesis statement – present what your essay is about. Essay , Essays , Formal system 544 Words | 6 Pages. Writing a Research Essay in admission essays, Economics You've been given an economic research essay topic for your assessment task and completed . You Do To Improve The World. your research. Admission Graduate. Your textbook and syllabus outline should be the starting points for the research. Would You Do To Improve. Make sure you read the criteria on which you will be assessed.
You are now ready to organise your ideas and the information you've collected into a logical sequence. Admission Essays. But where do you start? It is on same, useful to begin with an essay outline. The Structure of the Essay Outline The. Consumption function , Debut albums , Economics 1577 Words | 5 Pages. writers gave bold imagine about graduate essays, how environment looked like twenty years ago. From our perspective that environment is better in old days so; however did . In Australia. anyone concern about environment twenty years ago? Let’s take look at two authors’ essays to discuss. The first essay is A Fable for Tomorrow, written by essays Rachel Carson (1907-1964), another one is “But a Watch in the Night”: A Scientific Fable, written by James C. Rettie (1904-1969). Competition 2011. To begin with I will provide a brief background about admission graduate essays, two authors.
Earth , Essay , Essays 1804 Words | 5 Pages. 12/05/12 Critique of Essay Who’s going to pharmacist resume letter, hell? That is the question. Well, it is at least for essays, Bernard Lewis, Author of “I’m right, you’re . wrong, Go to hell’—Religions and resume pupel 11 form the Meetings of Civilizations”. In the essay Lewis discusses the different views of religions and graduate how the subdivisions of those religions affect it as a whole. It is would the world essay, apparent to see that this topic arouses the admission essays, author, as he exudes much passion and noticeable knowledge of the subject matter.
The point of the essay is not very detailed. Argument , Christianity , Civilization 958 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay on Recycling Coursework, Essay and in australia Homework Help from Marked By Teachers.com HOW MBT WORKS part of the . student room group HOME GCSE essays AS AND A LEVEL essays MEET THE TEAM PRICING Log in Sign up my account | my saved essays INTERNATIONAL BACCALAUREATE essays UNIVERSITY DEGREE essays Search Advanced search Home GCSE English English Language Writing to Argue, Persuade and graduate Advise Persuasive Essay on Recycling Persuasive Essay on Recycling . Elizabeth Barrett Browning , Essay , Homework 1076 Words | 5 Pages. ? Science Essay Evaluation Rubric assignment # __11________ Student Name:Julia Score:100 This analytic rubric is used to verify . specific tasks performed when producing an essay . If the task has been successfully completed, all points are awarded. No points are awarded if the task is not complete.
Category Scoring Criteria Points Student Evaluation Self Peer Teacher Evaluation Introduction 20 points A thesis statement makes the purpose of the essay clear. (Thesis.
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Classic film noir developed during and after World War II, taking advantage of the post-war ambience of anxiety, pessimism, and suspicion. It was a style of black and persuasive essay planning, white American films that first evolved in the 1940s, became prominent in the post-war era, and lasted in a classic Golden Age period until about 1960 (marked by admission graduate the 'last' film of the classic film noir era, Orson Welles' Touch of pharmacist resume, Evil (1958) ). Important Note: Strictly speaking, film noir is not a genre, but rather the mood, style, point-of-view, or tone of a film. Essays! It is also helpful to essay on same sex marriage, realize that 'film noir' usually refers to a distinct historical period of graduate, film history - the decade of film-making after World War II, similar to the German Expressionism or the essay French New Wave periods. However, it was labeled as such only after the classic period - early noir film-makers didn't even use the film designation (as they would the labels western or musical), and were not conscious that their films would be labeled noirs. Very often, a film noir story was developed around a cynical, hard-hearted, disillusioned male character [e.g., Robert Mitchum, Fred MacMurray, or Humphrey Bogart] who encountered a beautiful but promiscuous, amoral, double-dealing and seductive femme fatale [e.g., Mary Astor, Veronica Lake, Jane Greer, Barbara Stanwyck, or Lana Turner]. She would use her feminine wiles and come-hither sexuality to manipulate him into becoming the graduate fall guy - often following a murder. After a betrayal or double-cross, she was frequently destroyed as well, often at the cost of the hero's life. Resume! As women during the war period were given new-found independence and better job-earning power in the homeland during the war, they would suffer -- on graduate the screen -- in these films of the the world essay 40s. See this site's special tribute to. Titles of many film noirs often reflected the admission essays nature or tone of the style and essay planning, content itself: Dark Passage (1947) , The Naked City (1948) , Fear in the Night (1947) , Out of the Past (1947) , Kiss Me Deadly (1955) , etc.
Primary Characteristics and Conventions of essays, Film Noir: Themes and Styles. The primary moods of classic film noir were melancholy, alienation, bleakness, disillusionment, disenchantment, pessimism, ambiguity, moral corruption, evil, guilt, desperation and paranoia. Heroes (or anti-heroes), corrupt characters and villains included down-and-out, conflicted hard-boiled detectives or private eyes, cops, gangsters, government agents, a lone wolf, socio-paths or killers, crooks, war veterans, politicians, petty criminals, murderers, or just plain Joes. Resume Letter! These protagonists were often morally-ambiguous low-lifes from the dark and essays, gloomy underworld of what you do to improve, violent crime and corruption. Distinctively, they were cynical, tarnished, obsessive (sexual or otherwise), brooding, menacing, sinister, sardonic, disillusioned, frightened and insecure loners (usually men), struggling to survive - and in the end, ultimately losing. Storylines were often elliptical, non-linear and twisting . Narratives were frequently complex, maze-like and convoluted, and typically told with foreboding background music, flashbacks (or a series of flashbacks), witty, razor-sharp and acerbic dialogue, and/or reflective and confessional, first-person voice-over narration. Amnesia suffered by the protagonist was a common plot device, as was the admission graduate downfall of an resume pupel 11 form, innocent Everyman who fell victim to temptation or was framed.
Revelations regarding the admission hero were made to explain/justify the hero's own cynical perspective on essay life. Film noir films (mostly shot in gloomy grays, blacks and whites) thematically showed the graduate dark and inhumane side of human nature with cynicism and doomed love, and they emphasized the on same brutal, unhealthy, seamy, shadowy, dark and sadistic sides of the admission human experience. Essay! An oppressive atmosphere of menace, pessimism, anxiety, suspicion that anything can go wrong, dingy realism, futility, fatalism, defeat and graduate, entrapment were stylized characteristics of film noir . Essay In Australia! The protagonists in film noir were normally driven by admission graduate their past or by human weakness to repeat former mistakes. Film noir films were marked visually by expressionistic lighting, deep-focus or depth of essay, field camera work, disorienting visual schemes, jarring editing or juxtaposition of essays, elements, ominous shadows, skewed camera angles (usually vertical or diagonal rather than horizontal), circling cigarette smoke, existential sensibilities, and essay worksheet, unbalanced or moody compositions. Settings were often interiors with low-key (or single-source) lighting, venetian-blinded windows and rooms, and admission essays, dark, claustrophobic, gloomy appearances. Exteriors were often urban night scenes with deep shadows, wet asphalt, dark alleyways, rain-slicked or mean streets, flashing neon lights, and low key lighting.
Story locations were often in murky and dark streets, dimly-lit and low-rent apartments and hotel rooms of letter, big cities, or abandoned warehouses. Graduate! [Often-times, war-time scarcities were the reason for resume 11 form the reduced budgets and admission graduate essays, shadowy, stark sets of B-pictures and pharmacist resume cover, film noirs.] Some of the most prominent directors of film noir included Orson Welles, John Huston, Billy Wilder, Edgar Ulmer, Douglas Sirk, Robert Siodmak, Fritz Lang, Otto Preminger, Henry Hathaway and graduate, Howard Hawks. The females in film noir were either of two types (or archetypes) - dutiful, reliable, trustworthy and loving women; or femmes fatales - mysterious, duplicitous, double-crossing, gorgeous, unloving, predatory, tough-sweet, unreliable, irresponsible, manipulative and desperate women. Usually, the male protagonist in film noir wished to elude his mysterious past, and had to choose what path to pharmacist, take (or have the fateful choice made for him). Invariably, the choice would be an admission graduate, overly ambitious one, to essay, follow the dangerous but desirable wishes of admission graduate, these dames. It would be to essay, pursue the admission essays goadings of essay planning, a traitorous, self-destructive femme fatale who would lead the struggling, disillusioned, and doomed hero into committing murder or some other crime of passion coupled with twisted love. When the major character was a detective or private eye, he would become embroiled and admission, trapped in resume letter, an increasingly-complex, convoluted case that would lead to fatalistic, suffocating evidences of corruption, irresistible love and graduate essays, death. The femme fatale , who had also transgressed societal norms with her independent and smart, menacing actions, would bring both of them to pharmacist resume cover, a downfall. Cinematic Origins and Roots of Classic Film Noir: The themes of noir, derived from sources in Europe, were imported to Hollywood by emigre film-makers.
Noirs were rooted in German Expressionism of the 1920s and 1930s, such as in The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920, Germ.) or Fritz Lang's M (1931, Germ.) , Fury (1936) and You Only Live Once (1937) . Essays! Films from German directors, such as F. W. Murnau, G. W. Pabst, and Robert Wiene, were noted for resume pupel their stark camera angles and movements, chiaroscuro lighting and shadowy, high-contrast images - all elements of later film noir. In addition, the French sound films of the 30s, such as director Julien Duvivier's Pepe Le Moko (1937) , contributed to noir's development. Another cinematic origin of film noir was from the plots and themes often taken from adaptations of American literary works - usually from best-selling, hard-boiled, pulp novels and crime fiction by Raymond Chandler, James M. Cain, Dashiell Hammett, or Cornell Woolrich. Admission! As a result, the the world earliest film noirs were detective thrillers. Film noir was also derived from the essays crime/gangster and detective/mystery sagas from the 1930s (i.e., Little Caesar (1930) , Public Enemy (1931) and Scarface (1932) ), but very different in tone and characterization. Notable film noir gangster films, such as They Drive By Night (1940) , Key Largo (1948) and White Heat (1949) each featured noir elements within the pharmacist resume cover letter traditional gangster framework. The Earliest Film Noirs: In the 1940s. Many sources have claimed that director Boris Ingster's and RKO's Stranger on the Third Floor (1940) was the essays first full-featured film noir.
The expressionistic film starred Peter Lorre as the sinister 'stranger' (cast due to his creepy performance in M (1931) ), in ratatouille essay, a story about the admission graduate nightmarish after-effects of circumstantial testimony during a murder trial. Others claim Orson Welles' masterpiece Citizen Kane (1941) was also an early and on same sex marriage, influential pre-film noir. The first detective film to use the shadowy, nihilistic noir style in a definitive way was the privotal work of novice director John Huston in the mystery classic The Maltese Falcon (1941) , from essays a 1929 book by Dashiell Hammett. [Actually, Huston's film was not the first version - it had been directed earlier by Roy Del Ruth in 1931, starring Ricardo Cortez in pupel 11 form, the lead role.] It was famous for Humphrey Bogart's cool, laconic private eye hero Sam Spade in pursuit of crooks greedy for a jewel-encrusted statue, and Bogart's foil - Mary Astor as the deceptive femme fatale . Noir Duo: Alan Ladd and admission, Veronica Lake. The acting duo of cover letter, Alan Ladd and Veronica Lake was first teamed in the superb early noir thriller This Gun For Hire (1942) (with the essays tagline: He's dynamite with a gun or a girl). From the resume pupel novel A Gun For Sale by renowned British novelist Graham Greene, the moody noir featured Ladd in a star-making role (his first lead role) as a ruthless, cat-loving, vengeful, unsmiling San Francisco professional hit-man named Raven working for a peppermint-candy loving fat man Willard Gates (Laird Cregar) and graduate, his wheelchair-bound Nitro Chemicals executive Alvin Brewster (Tully Marshall) - both double-crossers who were selling secrets to foreign agents (the Japanese).
Ladd was paired with popular wartime pinup star Lake as nightclub showgirl singer Ellen Graham, his hostage (and unbeknownst to him working as a federal agent). Another Dashiell Hammett book of political corruption and murder was adapted for Stuart Heisler's The Glass Key (1942) for Paramount Studios - again with the duo of Ladd and Lake, and would you do to improve the world, noted as one of the best Hammett adaptations. Ladd starred as Ed Beaumont, a right-hand man and political aide attempting to save his employer (Brian Donlevy) from a murder frame-up, while Lake played the seductive fiancee of the boss. Admission Graduate! The film was noted for the vicious beating given to Ladd by a crime lord thug (William Bendix). The popular noir couple were brought together again in essay, George Marshall's post-war crime thriller The Blue Dahlia (1946) , with an Oscar-nominated screenplay by Raymond Chandler (the only work he ever wrote directly for the screen). Alan Ladd portrayed returning war veteran Johnny Morrison who discovered that his wife Helen (Doris Dowling) was unfaithful during his absence. When she turned up dead and he became the prime suspect, he was aided in the case by the mysterious Joyce Harwood (Lake) - the seductive ex-wife of his wife's former lover. Orson Welles and Film Noir:
Orson Welles' films have significant noir features, such as in his expressionistically-filmed Citizen Kane (1941) , with subjective camera angles, dark shadowing and graduate, deep focus, and low-angled shots from talented cinematographer Gregg Toland. Welles' third film for RKO, the resume war-time mystery Journey Into Fear (1943) , was one in admission graduate essays, which he acted and co-directed (uncredited) - it was set in the exotic locale of Istanbul. Japan Competition 2011! The film's story was inspired by Eric Ambler's spy thriller about the flight of an American arms engineer (Joseph Cotten) on a Black Sea tramp steamer where he was threatened by Nazi agents intent on graduate killing him. The complex The Lady from cover letter Shanghai (1948) - with its plot (from Sherwood King's novel If I Should Die Before I Wake ), told about a destructive love triangle between Irish seaman Michael O'Hara (Welles himself), a manipulative Rita Hayworth as the platinum blonde-haired femme fatale Elsa (or Rosalie), and her husband Arthur Bannister (Everett Sloane). Its final sequence in admission graduate essays, a San Francisco hall of mirrors fun-house was symbolic and on same in australia, reflective of the shattered relationships between the characters, exemplified by a wounded O'Hara's last words: Maybe I'll live so long that I'll forget her. Essays! Maybe I'll die trying. Welles' Mexican border-town B-movie classic Touch of Evil (1958) is generally considered the last film in the classic cycle of film noirs.
It starred Charlton Heston as Vargas - a naive Mexican-American narcotics cop, Janet Leigh as his imperiled, honeymooning wife Susan, and Welles' own corrupt and corpulent local cop Hank Quinlan. What To Improve! The film also featured a comeback appearance by cigar-smoking bordello madam Marlene Dietrich, and a breathtaking opening credits sequence filmed in admission graduate, a single-take. Essay Sex Marriage In Australia! Later, Welles' expressionistic noir and psychological drama The Trial (1962) was an adaptation of admission graduate, Franz Kafka's classic novel, with Anthony Perkins as Joseph K - a man condemned for an unnamed crime in an unknown country. More Definitive 40s Noirs: Early classic non-detective film noirs included Fritz Lang's steamy and fatalistic Scarlet Street (1945) - one of the pharmacist letter moodiest, blackest thrillers ever made, about a mild-mannered painter's (Edward G. Robinson) unpunished and unsuspected murder of an amoral femme fatale (Joan Bennett) after she had led him to commit embezzlement, impersonated him in order to sell his paintings, and admission graduate, had been deceitful and persuasive worksheet, cruel to him - causing him in a fit of anger to murder her with an ice-pick.
Director Abraham Polonsky's expressionistic, politically-subversive Force of Evil (1948) starred John Garfield as a corrupt mob attorney.