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Article 92 - Good Order and Military Discipline. The Disciplinary Regulations of the United States Army define military discipline as a strict and honorable compliance by all servicemen with the thesis for the the lottery by shirley jackson order and criticle, rules prescribed by thesis story the lottery laws, military regulations and bio information, orders of commanders (superiors). Military discipline is thesis the lottery by shirley jackson, a special form of thesis arbeit, military relations. Its specifics lie in coordinating the conduct and actions of military personnel and in serving to establish such relations as are required for successful joint activity. The conduct of servicemen is regulated by for the the lottery by shirley special rules and standards of title paper, behavior set forth in laws, military regulations and orders of story by shirley jackson, commanders (superiors) and reflecting the specific features of the military organization and the state's requirements on thesis arbeit, the behavior of military personnel. Military discipline as the for the jackson order of history, relations and behavior of servicemen constitutes a key component of internal order in military units and detachments.

By regulating serviceman's relations and behavior, military discipline forms the very basis and structure of internal order as the mode of organization of the life and activity of the Armed Forces, permeating all its elements, since the maintenance and enhancement of internal order is based on compliance with the prescribed rules and standards of behavior. It is known that functioning and development are inextricably linked together and, at the same time, are qualitatively distinct, each being governed by its own specific laws. The functioning process proceeds according to the laws of a relatively stable state, the system's mode of existence and its movement in the given qualitative state, whereas the laws of for the the lottery by shirley, development are laws governing the essay system's transition from one state to by shirley jackson another, i. e. , a change of states which results in the system's transition to a qualitatively different level of functioning. The unity of functioning and development is an expression of the contradictory mode of existence of the military organization (just as of any system in general), in which functioning corresponds to relative rest, and development, to vassar essay absolute motion. The interconnection and specifics of the functioning and development of the military organization as an integrated system determine the common character of military discipline and military control, and the difference between them.

What they have in common is that both of them are kinds of organizational relations and act as parts or aspects of the military organization. And the thesis story difference between them is that discipline ensures the functioning of the Armed Forces as a system, whereas control ensures their development. In other words, military discipline is a mechanism for maintaining, and military control is a mechanism for transforming the military organization. Discipline is the aspect of the military organization that ensures a stabilization of its level, whereas control is the aspect that carries the Armed Forces to a higher level of development. Currently there is thesis arbeit, a fully shaped view on the psychological foundations of discipline as a specific set of personal and for the the lottery by shirley, interpersonal structures and vassar college essay, processes in mental regulation, which secure normative behavior in servicemen. The set includes the following: individualized personal sense of discipline (structure, development, conditions of functioning, causes and forms of disciplinary deviations), social psychology of group (interpersonal) disciplinary processes and structures, managerial psychological mechanisms for discipline, etc. Enhancing the normative component in behavior, including that of enlistees, is for the the lottery by shirley jackson, a continuous joint endeavor by the entire personnel, from commanders to subordinates, as for that matter is the effort to keep this kind of behavior at a required level. Also participating in the endeavor are collective--formal and informal--structures of the military public. The latter, as the present writer sees it, impact on the state of discipline mostly in the negative fashion because they possess a normative system of their own, which is bio information, incompatible with the one based on thesis for the, the army regulations. Agnostic Compact Essay God S. All enlistees, both as personalities and members of definite service and public structures (including those with a negative impact on discipline), their relations and for the the lottery, degree of activity form in the aggregate the disciplinary system of an element (unit).

Psychological support for troops has emerged as a necessity because this kind of work can deal, to a considerable extent, with a set of specific psychological problems arising within disciplinary systems at all levels, not the lower echelons alone, as is often believed. Occasionally it is just the matter of an enlistee being unprepared for discipline-abiding lifestyle (ignorance of army regulations, orders and regulatory documents). Sometimes, however, psychological problems stem from clearly expressed anti-disciplinary attitudes in some or other serviceman, which attitudes tend to disorganize military activities, mixing, and criticle thinking, off-duty routine. Two groups of disciplinary psychological problems are identified. Thesis For The Story The Lottery By Shirley. First, inadequacy (weakness, instability, incompleteness, and unfinished nature) of individual, group or organizational mechanisms for normative behavior and control thereof as is revealed by practice; certain enlistees lack the required disciplinary motivation and/or they cannot behave in an organized way in conformity with the regulations, rules, laws, and military traditions.

Military command and control agencies, for their part, do not have enough energy and skills to consistently and vassar essay question, confidently regulate the activities of jackson, their subordinates. This group of disciplinary and psychological problems is history, subdivided into three components: motivation problems of discipline, problems of normative or organizational incompetence, and mental disorganization problems, both personal and group, including managerial. The second group of disciplinary and psychological problems is linked with the for the jackson existence of american, overt or covert alternative and shadow disciplinary systems, both individual and group, complete with the ways and rules of their own, which are incompatible with the thesis for the the lottery army regulations, laws, and even human morality. Conscription-based military units are characterized by different forms of extra-regulation relations (barracks-room hazing, friendly societies of persons coming from same district), which are unlikely to disappear completely with the conversion to enlistment. Separate servicemen, too, may impose their own regulations within elements, something that forms part of their behavioral strategy directed at strengthening their leadership within the system of relations along with their informal power. As is to be regretted, it is society's current disrespect for law, things legal and the authorities, its revulsion for measures aimed at maintaining law and order that are the general social source of american document history, psychological problems in the area of military discipline. This kind of negative sociological consciousness is responsible for the situation where people are not prepared to for the story by shirley accept certain restrictions of their freedom and needs for the sake of criticle thinking, general organization and security. Story The Lottery By Shirley Jackson. Daily observations and specialized studies show that the compact continuum essay god s enlistees are likely to display in full measure one of the regularities that more often than not tends to ascribe indiscipline to others rather than oneself (this means that an thesis for the story the lottery undisciplined soldier doesn't see himself as such). American History In Social. The unfavorable tendencies are enhanced by the sick sociopsychological background created by social deviations in thesis for the story by shirley, society, like alcoholism, drug addiction, crime, abuse of power, etc. Title Paper. As a result, the RF Armed Forces acquire enlistees possessing a definite experience of this kind as well as stable negative motivation attitudes Some other reasons generating disciplinary and psychological problems are the conditions, factors, events, as well as such decisions and thesis story the lottery jackson, actions coming from senior chiefs as will prevent a soldier from implementing his normative motivation. If willingness to obey discipline is not encouraged and contrasts with the american behavior of other servicemen, if obeying some ordinary rule takes an almost heroic effort, the inner resources of discipline are dissipated quite rapidly.

Military discipline is the lottery by shirley, a daily concern of the military district commander, his deputies, the military council, and unit and formation commanders at all levels in the district. Only a short while ago it was believed that crime, alcohol and drug abuse, suicides and vassar college, other deviations from social norms were survivals of the distant past and that at a certain point in the development of society they would disappear altogether. Back in the early 20th century, the French sociologist Emile Durkheim came to the conclusion that social deviation, including crime, is a phenomenon which has never been and thesis for the story, can never be eliminated altogether in any society. In other words, every society has always had and vassar, will continue to have a certain number of individuals who, for various internal or external reasons or a combination of such reasons, tend to violate (to deviate from) the established social norms. Society's most important task is to ensure that social deviations do not reach a critical mass that would endanger its very existence.

A natural question arising in this context is whether this social deviation phenomenon is characteristic of the for the story Armed Forces? It certainly is, because the armed forces are an integral part of the state and society, and servicemen are a part of the people. First, all the positive and negative behavioral trends and bio information, regularities intrinsic to society fully manifest themselves in the behavior of servicemen. Thesis For The Story By Shirley. Second, the Army is one of society's social organisms which can itself be liable to distortion, hence the social deviations in the behavior of servicemen. Third, the armed forces with strictly regulated military service are a social institution with its own specific social norms (in addition to those existing in society). In the army, the behavior of servicemen is more tightly regulated compared with other social units and institutions. Essay History. In view of that, servicemen are more likely to depart from the established norms, since the normative value system of the armed forces allows them a lesser degree of freedom in choosing a line of thesis story by shirley, behavior. The task we face today is to work out and introduce into the combat training process the most effective and sometimes unconventional forms and methods of maintaining the required standards of god s, personal officer and nco training so as to keep the most promising of by shirley, them in the Armed Forces.

It is also clear that an officer, nco (or soldier for that matter) working hard at his professional job simply has no time to commit any offenses. Military discipline is one of the main factors determining the army's combat readiness and combat efficiency. This truth has stood the test of history on many occasions. It is vassar question, no accident that military leaders and commanders have always regarded a tightening of discipline among the troops as a task of paramount importance. A. V. Suvorov called discipline the mother of victory. On following a Direct Order; Technically there is no such thing as a direct order. Orders are either lawful or unlawful. The informal term direct order tends to mean an order given face-to-face from a person in authority to a subordinate.

It has zero meaning under the UCMJ as the direct order still has to be lawful to have effect. Upon enlisting each soldier swore the following oath; I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; and that I will obey the thesis for the story the lottery by shirley jackson orders of the President of the United States and research title paper, the orders of the officers appointed over me, according to regulations and the Uniform Code of Military Justice. A general order or regulation is lawful unless it is contrary to the Constitution, the laws of the thesis jackson United States, or lawful superior orders or for some other reason is criticle, beyond the authority of the official issuing it. In the armed forces of the United States, officers (Both commissioned and non-commissioned. Thesis Jackson. ) are expected to issue orders to subordinates, in thinking, order to carry out assigned duties. These orders are assumed (By them. ) to be lawful (i. Thesis For The By Shirley Jackson. e. - not promoting illegal actions. ), and a subordinate whom disobeys them does so at history in social his peril ( Risking legal sanction. ) Recruits are taught to obey, immediately and without question, orders from their superiors, right from day-one of boot camp. Military members who fail to obey the lawful orders of their superiors risk serious consequences. Article 90 of the the lottery by shirley jackson Uniform Code of Military Justice makes it a crime for a military member to WILLFULLY disobey a superior commissioned officer. Article 91 makes it a crime to document history WILLFULLY disobey a superior Noncommissioned or Warrant Officer.

Article 92 makes it a crime to thesis for the story by shirley jackson disobey any lawful order (the disobedience does not have to be willful under this article). In fact, under Article 90, during times of war, a military member who willfully disobeys a superior commissioned officer can be sentenced to death. Seems like pretty good motivation to obey any order you're given, right? Not necessarily. These articles require the obedience of LAWFUL orders. An order which is unlawful not only does not need to be obeyed, but obeying such an order can result in criminal prosecution of the one who obeys it. Military courts have long held that military members are accountable for their actions even while following orders -- if the order was illegal.

I was only following orders, has been unsuccessfully used as a legal defense in agnostic compact essay god s, hundreds of cases (probably most notably by Nazi leaders at the Nuremberg tribunals following World War II). The defense didn't work for thesis story by shirley jackson them, nor has it worked in hundreds of college essay, cases since. The first recorded case of a United States Military officer using the I was only thesis for the story the lottery by shirley, following orders defense dates back to 1799. During the War with France, Congress passed a law making it permissible to seize ships bound to any French Port. However, when President John Adams wrote the order to authorize the U. S. American History. Navy to do so, he wrote that Navy ships were authorized to seize any vessel bound for thesis for the story the lottery jackson a French port, or traveling from a French port. Pursuant to the President's instructions, a U. S. Navy captain seized a Danish Ship (the Flying Fish), which was en route from a French Port. The owners of the ship sued the Navy captain in U. S. maritime court for trespass. They won, and research, the United States Supreme Court upheld the decision. The U. S. Supreme Court held that Navy commanders act at their own peril when obeying presidential orders when such orders are illegal. The Vietnam War presented the United States military courts with more cases of the I was only following orders defense than any previous conflict.

The decisions during these cases reaffirmed that following manifestly illegal orders is not a viable defense from the lottery jackson, criminal prosecution. Thesis Arbeit. In United States v. Keenan, the story by shirley jackson accused (Keenan) was found guilty of agnostic continuum essay unknown, murder after he obeyed in order to thesis for the the lottery shoot and kill an agnostic elderly Vietnamese citizen. The Court of Military Appeals held that the justification for acts done pursuant to thesis for the the lottery by shirley jackson orders does not exist if the order was of such a nature that a man of ordinary sense and understanding would know it to be illegal. (Interestingly, the soldier who gave Keenan the title paper order, Corporal Luczko, was acquitted by reason of insanity). In some cases, orders issued by officers are illegal on their face (Are unlawful orders. ), and thesis for the, subordinates are justified in not carrying them out. An example would be the 1968 massacre of unarmed civilians at agnostic compact continuum essay unknown My Lai, Vietnam, which was carried out by a U. S. For The By Shirley Jackson. Army Lieutenant, on orders issued to him by both his Company Battalion commanders. Another example occurred in Iraq, at thesis arbeit Abu Ghraib. Prisoners were being softened up for interrogation by U. S. Soldiers, whom were under orders to for the story the lottery jackson do so.

These were issued by american document essay history in social private contractors, given authority to issue such orders, by the Department OF Defense. In closing it is in a soldier’s best interest to maintain a steadfast motivation in his job at hand thereby alleviating tenancies towards counterproductive behavior, have knowledge of his R. O. E. so as to not comply with unlawful orders, and above and beyond it all keep up military bearing and courtesy. Sarah from Law Aspect. Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out https://goo.gl/9aavBA. 47 Bergen St--Floor 3, Brooklyn, NY 11201, USA. 2017 Law Essays and Papers. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. Thesis For The The Lottery Jackson. Please, specify your valid email address.

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Free Online Strategy Innovation Training | businessballs.com. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to write a business plan, techniques for writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and sales plans. Business Planning and Marketing Strategy. Table of contents.

1. business plans and marketing strategy. business plans and marketing strategy. free business planning and marketing tips, samples, examples and tools - how to story the lottery by shirley write a business plan, techniques for document essay history in social writing a marketing strategy, strategic business plans and the lottery, sales plans. Here are tips, examples, techniques, tools and a process for writing business plans to produce effective results. This free online guide explains how to write a marketing or business strategy, a basic business plan, and a sales plan, using free templates, tools and examples, such as SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, the 'Ansoff Matrix' and the 'Boston Matrix'. Separately the marketing guide offers more specific explanation and theories and tools for marketing strategy and marketing planning, including techniques and tips for advertising, public relations (PR), press and media publicity, sales enquiry lead generation, advertising copy-writing, internet and website marketing, etc. The sales training guide offers detailed theories and criticle thinking, methods about sales planning and selling, extending to thesis for the story by shirley jackson cold calling and negotiation skills and techniques, especially relating to selling.

Sometimes people use the college, term business plan when they are referring to a project. It may or may not be appropriate to the lottery by shirley use the term 'business planning' for agnostic continuum unknown a project. Some projects are very substantial and equate to an autonomous (independent) business activity, in by shirley jackson, which case a business plan is entirely appropriate. Criticle! Other projects are smaller, perhaps limited to internal change or development, and are less likely to require a conventional business plan, and thesis the lottery, are quite adequately planned and managed via project management methods. Business planning terminology can be confusing because much of it is used very loosely, and can mean different things. Here is a way to understand it better: Terminology in business planning is research paper often used very loosely. For The The Lottery By Shirley Jackson! When people talk and write about business planning different terms may mean the same thing, and a single term can mean different things. The term 'business planning' itself covers all sorts of different plans within a business, or potentially within a non-commercial organization.

The words 'strategy' and 'strategic' arise often in the subject of buisness planning, although there is no actual difference between a 'business plan' and a 'strategic business plan'. Every business plan is arguably 'strategic'. Everyone involved in research, planning arguably adopts a 'strategic' approach. Most businesses and plans are primarily driven or determined by for the the lottery by shirley, market needs and aims . This increasingly applies to bio information many non-commercial activities (government services, education, health, charities, etc), whose planning processes may also be described as 'business planning', even though such organizations may not be businesses in the way we normally imagine. Thesis! In such non-commercial organizations, 'business planning' might instead be called 'organizational planning', or 'operational planning', or 'annual planning' or simply 'planning'. Paper! Essentially all these terms mean the same, and increasingly the tendency is for 'business planning' to become a generic (general) term to thesis story by shirley refer to them. I should clarify that finance is thesis arbeit of course a major and unavoidable aspect of for the story by shirley, business and organizational activities, but in terms of planning, finance is a limiting or enabling factor; finance is a means to an end, or a restriction; finance in american document essay history in social, itself is not a basis for growth or strategy. Markets/customers, product/service development, and sales, provide the only true basis for thesis for the story by shirley businesses to define direction, development, growth, etc., and thereby business strategy and thesis arbeit, planning. Business planning always starts with or revisits the basic aim or need to provide products or services to customers - also called a market or 'market-place'. Consequently business plans tend first to look outwards, at a market, before they look inwards, at the lottery by shirley, finance and production, etc. This means that most business plans are driven by marketing, since marketing is the function which addresses market opportunity and need, and how to fulfil it.

Marketing in bio information, this sense is also called 'marketing strategy' - or more broadly 'business strategy'. In many simple, small, and/or old traditional businesses, 'marketing' is often seen instead to be 'sales' or 'selling' (usually because in such businesses selling is the only marketing activity), in which case a 'sales plan' may be the main driver of thesis for the story by shirley jackson, strategy and the business plan. Many people use the words 'sales' or 'selling' and 'marketing' to mean the same thing - basically selling products or services to customers, in the broadest sense. In fact, marketing refers to much wider issues than sales and selling. Marketing involves the bio information, strategic planning of a business (or other organizational provider) through to thesis for the story the lottery by shirley jackson every aspect of in social, customer engagement, including market reserach, product development, branding, advertising and promotion, methods of selling, customer service, and thesis by shirley, extending to the acquisition or development of new businesses. Sales or selling is an activity within marketing, referring to the methods and processes of research title paper, communicating and thesis for the by shirley, agreeing and research paper, completing the transaction (sale) with the customer. Given all this, it is thesis for the by shirley hopefully easier to understand why, depending on a person's role or standpoint or the department in which they work, 'business planning' may be referrred to in many and various ways, for example as 'sales planning', 'marketing planning', 'strategic planning', etc., and document essay history in social, that all these terms might mean slightly different things, according to the situation. If there is a technically correct definition of 'business planning', then perhaps we can best say that 'business planning' refers to the plan of the overall organization, or to a unit or division within an for the story the lottery organization with responsibility for a trade or profit. A business plan technically contains and reflects the compact continuum god s, individual plans for the different functions within the for the by shirley jackson, whole operation, each of thesis arbeit, which may have its own detailed 'business plans', which might be called business plans, or more correctly departmental or functional plans according to their purpose, such as a marketing plan, sales plan, production plan, financial plan, etc. Additional help regarding terminology is offered by thesis story, the business planning definitions below.

Other definitions and thesis arbeit, explanations are offered in the business glossary, and in the shorter glossaries of the sales and marketing sections. Terminology will be further explained to clarify meaning and avoid confusion throughout this article. Approached correctly, writing business plans and marketing strategy is usually simpler than first seems. Business planning may seem complex and daunting but mostly it is common sense. Marketing strategy - which often drives the thesis, aims and 'shape' of a business plan - is mostly common sense too. Business plans, and the strategy which drives them, are based on logic, or cause and effect : I want to achieve a certain result - so what will cause this to happen?

Even the american document essay in social, biggest business plan is thesis for the the lottery jackson effectly built on research paper a collection of lots of causes and effects. A written business plan provides the narrative (explanation) of the numbers contained in a spreadsheet. When we see lots of numbers in a computer spreadsheet we can forget this, but the numbers are merely a reflection of scale and story the lottery by shirley jackson, detail, and of computerised calculations and modelling, etc. In fact often when we are confronted with a complex planning spreadsheet containing thousands of numbers, what we are actually being offered is a ready-made planning tool. In many cases, where business planning is agnostic essay a continuation of an ongoing situation, the most frightening spreadsheets can provide a very easy template for future plans, especially with a little help from a colleague in the acciounts department who understands how it all works.

Ironically, a blank sheet of thesis the lottery jackson, paper - in other words a 'new business start-up' - is usually a much more challenging starting point. It is continuum essay god s unknown generally more difficult to for the write a business plan for a start-up business (a new business) than for an existing business. This is because an existing business usually has computerised records of the results of past activities and vassar college, trading (usually called 'accounts'). Thesis Story The Lottery By Shirley! Spreadsheets are usually available showing previous years plans and actual results, which can be used as a template on which new plans can easily be overlaid. Writing a new business plan for the continuation or development of american document in social, such an existing situation obviously enables much of the planning to be based on existing figures, ratios, statistics, etc. New business start-up situations by thesis for the by shirley, their nature tend to have no previous results, so we often refer to this sort of planning as 'starting with a blank sheet of paper'. New business start-ups - especially if you are the owner or entrepreneur - present bigger planning challenges in some respects because we have no previous records to act as a guide, but in other respects they offer wonderful opportunities to create genuinely innovative and exciting founding principles - your own new business philosophy - on research title paper which your plans can be built and developed.

On this page there is specific guidance for business start-up situations. See the simple business start-up principles. Depending on the constraints applying in the planning for existing continuous business activities, the principles are very similar for start-up and existing business planning. It's essentially cause-and effect, and using the computer to calculate the numbers. A slightly more detailed version is on the quick business/operational plan page. , and begins with. To explore personal direction and for the by shirley, change (for example for early planning of document essay, self-employment or new business start-up) see the passion-to-profit exercise and for the story the lottery by shirley, template on the teambuilding exercises page.

See also the simple notes about starting your own business, which to an extent also apply when you are starting a new business initiative or development inside another organisation as a new business development manager, or a similar role. Here's a free profit and loss account spreadsheet template tool (xls) for essay in social incorporating these factors and financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. Story By Shirley! This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the agnostic compact continuum god s unknown, same. Towards the end of this article there is also a simple template/framework for a feasibility study or justification report, such as might be required to win funding, authorisation or approval for starting a project, or the thesis by shirley, continuation of a project or group, in a commercial or voluntary situation. If you are starting a new business you might also find the tips and question, information about buying a franchise business to be helpful, since they cover many basic points about choice of business activity and early planning.

(Note: Some UK-English and US-English spellings differ, for example organisation/organization, colour/color. If using these materials please adapt the spellings to suit your situation.) how to write strategic marketing plans, business plans and sales plans. People use various terms referring to the business planning process - business plans, business strategy, marketing strategy, strategic business planning, sales planning - they all cover the same basic principles. When faced with business planning or strategy development task it's important to clarify exactly what is required: clarify what needs to be done rather than assume the aim from the the lottery jackson, description given to agnostic continuum it - terms are confused and mean different things to different people. You'll see from the definitions below how flexible these business planning terms are. a plan - a statement of intent - a calculated intention to organize effort and resource to achieve an outcome - in this context a plan is in the lottery jackson, written form, comprising explanation, justification and college question, relevant numerical and financial statistical data. In a business context a plan's numerical data - costs and revenues - are normally scheduled over at least one trading year, broken down weekly, monthly quarterly and cumulatively.

a business - an activity or entity, irrespective of size and autonomy, which is engaged in by shirley, an activity, normally the provision of products and/or services, to produce commercial gain, extending to non-commercial organizations whose aim may or may not be profit (hence why public service sector schools and hospitals are in this context referred to as 'businesses'). business plan - this is criticle now rightly a very general and flexible term, applicable to the planned activities and for the story by shirley jackson, aims of any entity, individual group or organization where effort is being converted into results , for example: a small company; a large company; a corner shop; a local window-cleaning business; a regional business; a multi-million pound multi-national corporation; a charity; a school; a hospital; a local council; a government agency or department; a joint-venture; a project within a business or department; a business unit, division, or department within another organization or company, a profit centre or cost centre within an an organization or business; the responsibility of a team or group or an american history individual. The business entity could also be a proposed start-up, a new business development within an existing organization, a new joint-venture, or any new organizational or business project which aims to convert action into results. The extent to which a business plan includes costs and overheads activities and resources (eg., production, research and for the story the lottery by shirley, development, warehouse, storage, transport, distribution, wastage, shrinkage, head office, training, bad debts, etc) depends on the needs of the business and compact continuum, the purpose of the plan. Large 'executive-level' business plans therefore look rather like a 'predictive profit and loss account', fully itemised down to thesis for the story jackson the 'bottom line'. Business plans written at research, business unit or departmental level do not generally include financial data outside the department concerned. Most business plans are in effect sales plans or marketing plans or departmental plans, which form the main bias of this guide. strategy - originally a military term, in thesis for the by shirley jackson, a business planning context strategy/strategic means/pertains to thesis arbeit why and how the thesis for the by shirley jackson, plan will work , in relation to bio information all factors of for the, influence upon the business entity and activity, particularly including competitors (thus the use of thesis arbeit, a military combative term), customers and thesis for the story the lottery jackson, demographics, technology and communications. marketing - believed by research paper, many to for the story by shirley mean the same as advertising or sales promotion, marketing actually means and thesis arbeit, covers everything from company culture and by shirley, positioning, through market research, new business/product development, advertising and promotion, PR (public/press relations), and arguably all of the sales functions as well.

Marketing is the process by which a business decides what it will sell, to whom, when and how, and then does it . marketing plan - logically a plan which details what a business will sell, to essay question whom, when and how, implicitly including the business/marketing strategy. The extent to which financial and commercial numerical data is included depends on thesis for the story the lottery the needs of the business. The extent to which this details the sales plan also depends on the needs of the business. sales - the transactions between the business and criticle thinking, its customers whereby services and/or products are provided in return for payment. Sales (sales department/sales team) also describes the activities and resources that enable this process, and sales also describes the revenues that the thesis story the lottery by shirley jackson, business derives from the thesis arbeit, sales activities. sales plan - a plan describing, quantifying and phased over time, how the the sales will be made and to whom. Some organizations interpret this to be the same as a business plan or a marketing plan. business strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the for the story the lottery by shirley, same. marketing strategy - see 'strategy' - it's the same. service contract - a formal document usually drawn up by the supplier by which the trading arrangement is agreed with the customer.

See the section on service contracts and trading agreements. strategic business plan - see strategy and business plan - it's a business plan with strategic drivers (which actually all business plans should be). strategic business planning - developing and thinking, writing a strategic business plan. philosophy, values, ethics, vision - these are the fundamentals of business planning, and determine the spirit and integrity of the business or organisation - see the guide to story the lottery by shirley jackson how philosophical and ethical factors fit into thesis arbeit, the planning process, and thesis for the by shirley, also the principles and materials relating to corporate responsibility and ethical leadership. You can see that many of these terms are interchangeable, so it's important to clarify what needs to be planned for rather than assuming or inferring a meaning from the name given to the task. That said, the principles explained here can be applied to business plans of all sorts. Business plans are often called different names - especially by senior managers and directors delegating a planning exercise that they do not understand well enough to explain. For example: sales plans, operational plans, organizational/organisational plans, marketing plans, marketing strategy plans, strategic business plans, department business plans, etc. College Essay! Typically these names reflect the thesis for the story, department doing the planning, despite which, the planning process and content required in the document is broadly similar.

Other useful and relevant business planning definitions are in the business dictionary; the sales and selling glossary; some are also in the financial terms glossary, and more - especially for training - are in the business and training acronyms listing, which also provides amusing light relief if this business planning gets a little dry (be warned, the thesis arbeit, acronyms listings contain some adult content). when writing a business or operating plan, remember. A useful first rule of business planning is to decide what you are actually trying to achieve and thesis for the the lottery jackson, always keep this in mind . Write your aim large as a constant reminder to yourself, and to anyone else involved. Thesis Arbeit! Keeping your central aim visible will help you minimise the distractions and distortions which frequently arise during the planning process. An increasingly vital and thesis story the lottery by shirley jackson, perhaps second rule of business planning is to thesis arbeit establish a strong ethical philosophy at the outset of your planning.

This provides a vital reference for for the story the lottery by shirley jackson decision-making and strategy from the start. A strong clear ethical code communicates your values to staff, customers, suppliers, and creates a simple consistent basis for operations which conventional financials, processes, systems and even people, do not address. It is very difficult to bio information introduce ethical principles later into an enterprise, especially when planning shifts into implementation, and more so if problems arise relating to integrity, honesty, corporate responsibility, trust, governance, etc., any of story, which can have massive impact on relationships and reputation. Bio Information! See corporate social responsibility and ethics and the Psychological Contract. It is easy to thesis jackson address issues of ethics and vassar college essay, corporate responsibility when you are the owner of a new enterprise. For The Story By Shirley Jackson! It is more difficult if you are a manager in thesis arbeit, someone else's company or a large corporation. Nevertheless ethics and thesis story the lottery jackson, corporate responsibility are highly significant in planning, and strong justification for their proper consideration can now be made. There are now plenty of recent examples of corporations - indeed entire national economies and bio information, governments - which have failed because of for the jackson, poor regard to ethical considerations. The world is changing and learning, slowly, but it is, and american history in social, anyone ignoring ethics in planning today does so at their own peril. A third crucial requirement for business plans is story by shirley return on vassar question investment , or for public services and non-profit organisations: effective use of investment and resources, which is beyond simple 'cost control'. For the for the story by shirley jackson, vast majority of organisations, whether companies, public services, not-for-profit trusts and charities, all organisations need to be financially effective in title, what they do, otherwise they will cease to function . Ultimately - whatever the thesis story the lottery jackson, organisation and agnostic continuum, aims - financial viability is necessary to sustain any organised activity . While it's essential to manage ethical and socially responsible aspects of for the story the lottery by shirley, organisational aims , these must allow for adequate return on investment (or in bio information, less traditional and 'non-profit' enterprises, must allow for the effective use of investment and resources , according to the financial requirements of the particular organisation).

Remembering the need for financial viability is vital also because business planning is often done - rightly - to achieve something new and special. This tends to focus thinking on creativity, innovation, ambition, quality, excellence, perhaps even social good, etc., which can easily distract planning away from the basic need to be financially viable - and crucially not to make a loss. By treating return on investment as a vital requirement of planning we increase the likelihood that plans will be viable and therefore sustainable. Return on thesis for the story the lottery jackson investment is however a variable feature of bio information, business planning. It is flexible according to the type of thesis story jackson, enterprise, its main purpose and bio information, philosophy. In a conventional profit-driven corporation return on thesis for the story the lottery by shirley jackson investment (at an optimal rate) is typically a strong strategic driver for document essay history local planning and decisions, and by for the story the lottery by shirley jackson, implication also a basic requirement of the enterprise as a whole. On the bio information, other hand, in a business or organization less focused on the lottery shareholder reward, such as a public services trust or charity, or a social enterprise or cooperative, return on investment (at a relatively lower rate), may be a requirement simply to sustain viable operations, according to the aims of the enterprise. Bio Information! In the first example, return on thesis for the story the lottery jackson investment is the aim; in the second example, return on investment enables some other higher aim to be achieved. In more detail:

In a traditional profit-driven corporation, return on thesis arbeit investment tends to thesis jackson be the main requirement of any business plan and also the main aim or purpose or driver of the plan. Agnostic Continuum Essay! In most traditional corporations return on investment tends to be at the heart of all activities, since typically the corporation exists to maximize the yield (profit and growth effectively) of thesis story by shirley, shareholder funds invested in the business. Planning in traditional corporations at times forgets this basic obligation, especially when a junior manager is asked to 'write a business plan' for the first time. In traditional profit-driven corporations, when a new manager starts to write a business plan or operational plan for the first time (and for some experienced managers also, for vassar college essay question the umpteenth time), the manager wonders: What is the aim? What am I trying to for the story by shirley jackson achieve? Often when they ask their own manager, the manager has the same doubts. The central aim is usually return on investment . In businesses or 'non-profit' organisations where shareholder enrichment is not the main purpose, return on investment is less of a driver in business planning, but is nevertheless a crucial requirement . Such enterprises are becoming more popular, and bio information, will continue to thesis jackson become so, since the collapse of the western economies in 2008, and increasing disillusionment with old-style business thinking. Here return on history investment is thesis for the the lottery by shirley not the primary driver or objective of the compact essay, business. Jackson! Instead the main driver of enterprise may be some other purpose.

An example of 'some other purpose' might be the activities of a social enterprise or cooperative, or maybe an employee ownership company, or perhaps a trust or charity, whose main aim is (rather than the traditional profit generation for external/institutional shareholders) perhaps to benefit its members/staff, and/or to sustain local jobs, and/or to benefit the local community, or maybe to advance science or learning or health, etc. Here, while return on investment may seem less crucial or appropriate to planning and operations, the enterprise must nevertheless remain financially viable , or it ceases to god s unknown be able to the lottery operate at all. In such examples, return on investment in vassar essay question, business planning is not usually maximized, but must still be treated as an underpinning requirement to planning, and flexed according to the fundamental aims and financial requirements of the enterprise. Before planning, therefore, it is helpful to thesis for the by shirley understand clearly: What are we actually aiming to compact unknown achieve? What is our policy/position on corporate social responsibility and thesis story the lottery jackson, ethics, etc - our philosophy? And what return on investment (or alternative financial performance) does our activity/enterprise require - is this a strategic driver in research title paper, itself, or simply the thesis story the lottery by shirley, means by which we maintain our activities in support of our (point 1) aims? The basic methodology of business planning is identifying causes and effects , according to your relevant business requirements (financials and ethics) and strategic drivers (what we are actually aiming to achieve).

Here a cause is an input or action or resource; an effect is an outcome or result or consequence of some sort. We want to achieve xyz effect (for example a given return on investment, or a certain sales level or market share, whatever) - so what should we plan to cause this to happen? Commonly big cause/effect elements are broken down into smaller activities, which also comprise a cause and effect. (The goal planning process and tools help explain how this subdivision works - where a big aim is broken down into smaller more measurable and achievable parts). Junior managers have responsibility for agnostic compact unknown plans and activities which feed into larger departmental plans and activities of senior managers. The plans and activities of the lottery, senior managers feed into the divisional plans of executives and american history in social, directors. There is thesis the lottery jackson a hierarchy or tree structure of college essay question, cause and effects, all hopefully contributing to the overall organizational aim. In many good businesses a substantial business planning responsibility extends now to front line customer-facing staff, and the trend is increasing. In this context, the business plan could be called also be called a marketing plan, or a sales plan - all departmental plans are basically types of business planning: What you are going to for the story jackson sell to whom, when and how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the criticle, sales will produce, what the marketing and/or selling cost will be, and story by shirley, what will be the return on investment.

Where a department is a 'cost centre' not a 'profit-centre' - providing products or services internally to college essay question other departments rather than externally to thesis for the story the lottery by shirley customers - then the research paper, language and planning elements may alter, but the principles remain the same. Also, these principles and methods apply to thesis for the story the lottery by shirley jackson very large complex multinational organizations, which tend to entail more and different costs, fixed overheads, revenues, and consequently larger planning formats; more and bio information, bigger spreadsheets, more lines and columns on each, more attention and people working on the numbers, more accountants, and typically - especially at middle-management level and above - more emphasis on cashflow and the balance sheet, alongside basic 'profit and loss' planning. carry out your market research, including understanding your competitor activity. 'The market' varies according to the business or organisation concerned, but every organised activity has a market. Story The Lottery Jackson! Knowing the market enables you to assess and value and plan how to thesis arbeit engage with it. A common failing of business planning or operational planning outside of the 'business' world, is to plan in isolation, looking inward, when ideas can seem very positive and reliable because there's no context and nothing to thesis for the compare. American! Hence research is critical.

And this applies to any type of organisation - not just to businesses. For The Story By Shirley Jackson! See especially the guidance on marketing as it relates to business planning. Planning very much concerns processes. The principles of marketing will explain additionally how to put meaning and values into what you plan. Your market research should focus on the information you need, to help you to formulate strategy and make business decisions. Bio Information! Market research should be pragmatic and purposeful - a means to an end, and not a means in itself.

Market information potentially covers a vast range of thesis for the by shirley, data, from global macro-trends and statistics, to very specific and detailed local or technical information, so it's important to decide what is actually relevant and necessary to essay know. Market information about thesis for the the lottery market and industry trends, values, main corporations, market structure, etc, is important to know for bio information large corporations operating on for the story the lottery jackson a national or international basis. This type of research is agnostic compact essay sometimes called 'secondary', because it is already available, having been researched and thesis for the by shirley, published previously. This sort of information is available from the internet, libraries, research companies, trade and national press and publications, professional associations and institutes. This secondary research information normally requires some interpretation or manipulation for your own purposes. However there's no point spending days researching global statistical economic and college essay, demographic data if you are developing a strategy for a relatively small or local business. Far more useful would be to carry out your own 'primary' research (i.e. original research) about the local target market, buying patterns and preferences, local competitors, their prices and service offerings. A lot of useful primary market research can be performed using customer feed-back, surveys, questionnaires and focus groups (obtaining indicators and views through discussion among a few representative people in a controlled discussion situation). This sort of primary research should be tailored exactly for your needs.

Primary research requires less manipulation than secondary research, but all types of the lottery by shirley jackson, research need a certain amount of analysis. Be careful when extrapolating or projecting figures to avoid magnifying initial mistakes or wrong assumptions. Question! If the for the story the lottery, starting point is inaccurate the resulting analysis will not be reliable. Criticle! For businesses of story jackson, any size; small, local, global and everything in between, the main elements you need to understand and quantify are: customer (and potential customer) numbers, profile and mix customer perceptions, needs, preferences, buying patterns, and trends, by sub-sector if necessary products and research title, services, mix, values and thesis story by shirley, trends demographic issues and essay, trends (especially if dependent on consumer markets) future regulatory and legal effects prices and values, and customer perceptions in these areas distribution and routes to market competitor activities, strengths, weaknesses, products, services, prices, sales methods, etc. Primary research is recommended for local and niche services. Keep the subjects simple and the range narrow.

If using questionnaires formulate questions that give clear yes or no indicators (i.e. avoid three and five options in multi-choices which produce lots of thesis for the the lottery jackson, uncertain answers) always understand how you will analyse and measure the data produced. Try to convert data to numerical format and agnostic continuum, manipulate on a spreadsheet. Use focus groups for more detailed work. For large research projects consider using a market research organization because they'll probably do it better than you, even though this is story likely to be more costly. If you use any sort of marketing agency ensure you issue a clear brief, and that your aims are clearly understood.

Useful frameworks for research are PEST analysis and SWOT analysis. establish your corporate philosophy and the aims of your business or operation. First establish or confirm the aims of the bio information, business, and if you are concerned with a part of a business, establish and thesis the lottery, validate the aims of your part of the business. These can be very different depending on the type of agnostic compact continuum god s, business, and particularly who owns it. Refer to and consider issues of ethics and philosophy, corporate social responsibility, sustainability, etc - these are the foundations on which values and missions are built. Consider the story the lottery by shirley jackson, Psychological Contract and the benefits of establishing a natural balance and criticle thinking, fairness between all interests (notably staff, customers, the organization). Traditional business models are not necessarily the best ones. The world is for the story the lottery by shirley jackson constantly changing, and american document essay, establishing a new business is a good time to challenge preconceptions of fundamental business structure and purpose. A business based on a narrow aim of thesis for the the lottery jackson, enriching a few investors while relegating the agnostic compact continuum essay god s unknown, needs and involvement of everyone else may contain conflicts and tensions at a deep level.

There are other innovative business structures which can inherently provide a more natural, cooperative and self-fuelling relationship - especially between employees and the organization, and potentially between customers and the organization too. When you have established or confirmed your philosophical and ethical position, state the objectives of the business unit you are planning to develop - your short, medium and long term aims - (typically 'short, medium and thesis for the the lottery by shirley jackson, long' equate to 1 year, 2-3 years and 3 years plus). Agnostic Compact Essay God S! In other words, what is the business aiming to do over the next one, three and five years? Bear in mind that you must reliably ensure the success and viability of the business in the short term or the long term is merely an academic issue. Grand visions need solid foundations.

All objectives and aims must be prioritised and as far as possible quantified. If you can't measure it, you can't manage it. All businesses need a ‘mission statement'. It announces clearly and succinctly to your staff, shareholders and customers what you are in business to do. Your mission statement may build upon a general ‘service charter' relevant to your industry. By Shirley Jackson! You can involve staff in research title paper, defining and refining the business's mission statement, which helps develop a sense of ownership and responsibility. Producing and announcing the for the jackson, mission statement is also an thesis arbeit excellent process for focusing attention on the business's priorities, and particularly the emphasis on thesis story customer service. Whole businesses need a mission statement - departments and smaller business units within a bigger business need them too. define your 'product offering(s)' or 'service offering(s)' - your sales proposition(s) You must understand and define clearly what you are providing to your customers.

This description should normally go beyond your products or services, and critically must include the way you do business , and what business benefits your customers derive from agnostic compact essay god s, your products and services, and from doing business with you. Develop offerings or propositions for each main area of your business activity - sometimes referred to thesis for the story the lottery by shirley as 'revenue streams', or 'business streams' - and/or for the sector(s) that you serve. Under normal circumstances competitive advantage is increased the more you can offer things that your competitors cannot. Good research will tell you where the opportunities are to increase your competitive advantage in vassar, areas that are of prime interest to thesis the lottery jackson your target markets. Develop your service offering to emphasise your strengths, which should normally relate to your business objectives, in turn being influenced by corporate aims and market research.

The important process in developing a proposition is translating your view of thesis arbeit, these services into thesis for the story, an offer that means something to bio information your customer. The definition of your service offer must make sense to your customer in terms that are advantageous and beneficial to the customer, not what is technically good, or scientifically sound to you. Think about what your service, and for the story jackson, the manner by which you deliver it, means to thinking your customer. Traditionally, in sales and thesis story the lottery jackson, marketing, this perspective is referred to as translating features into bio information, benefits. The easiest way to thesis for the story the lottery jackson translate a feature into a benefit is to add the prompt ‘which means that. '. For example, if a strong feature of agnostic continuum, a business is that it has 24-hour opening, this feature would translate into something like: We're open 24 hours (the feature) which means that you can get what you need when you need it - day or night. (the benefit). Clearly this benefit represents a competitive advantage over other suppliers who only open 9-5. This principle, although a little old-fashioned today, still broadly applies. The important thing is to understand your services and proposition in terms that your customer will recognise as being relevant and the lottery by shirley, beneficial to agnostic compact essay god s them. Most businesses have a very poor understanding of what their customers value most in the relationship, so ensure you discover this in the research stage, and reflect it in your stated product or service proposition(s).

Customers invariably value these benefits higher than all others: If your proposition(s) cannot be seen as leading to thesis for the the lottery by shirley any of the thesis arbeit, above then customers will not be very interested in you. A service-offer or proposition should be an encapsulation of story by shirley, what you do best, that you do better than your competitors (or that they don't do at all); something that fits with your business objectives, stated in terms that will make your customers think ‘Yes, that means something to me and I think it could be good for my business (and therefore good for me also as a buyer or sponsor).' This is the first 'brick in thesis arbeit, the wall' in the process of business planning, sales planning, marketing planning, and thereafter, direct marketing, and particularly sales lead generation. write your business plan - include sales, costs of for the story the lottery jackson, sales, gross margins, and if necessary your business overheads. Business plans come in all shapes and sizes. Pragmatism is essential. Ensure your plan shows what your business needs it to show. Essentially your plan is title a spreadsheet of for the the lottery, numbers with supporting narrative, explaining how the numbers are to be achieved. A plan should show all the activities and resources in terms of revenues and thesis arbeit, costs, which together hopefully produce a profit at the end of the trading year. The level of detail and complexity depends on the size and part of the for the jackson, business that the plan concerns.

Your business plan, which deals with all aspects of the resource and criticle thinking, management of the thesis for the story the lottery by shirley jackson, business (or your part of the bio information, business), will include many decisions and thesis by shirley, factors fed in from the marketing process. It will state sales and profitability targets by activity. In a marketing plan there may also be references to research title paper image and for the story jackson, reputation, and to public relations. All of these issues require thought and planning if they are to result in american document essay history in social, improvement, and particularly increasing numbers of customers and revenue growth. You would normally describe and provide financial justification for the means of achieving these things, together with customer satisfaction improvement. Above all a plan needs to for the the lottery by shirley be based on actions - cost-effective and profitable cause and effect; inputs required to achieved required outputs, analysed, identified and quantified separately wherever necessary to be able to manage and measure the thesis arbeit, relevant activities and resources.

quantify the business you seek from thesis the lottery, each of your market sectors, segments, products and customer groupings, and allocate investment, resources and paper, activities accordingly. These principles apply to for the story by shirley a small local business, a department within a business, or a vast whole business. Before attending to bio information the detail of how to achieve your marketing aims you need to quantify clearly what they are. What growth targets does the business have? What customer losses are you projecting? How many new customers do you need, by size and type, by story by shirley, product and question, service?

What sales volumes, revenues and contributions values do you need for each business or revenue stream from thesis for the the lottery by shirley jackson, each sector? What is your product mix, in terms of customer type, size, sector, volumes, values, contribution, and distribution channel or route to vassar essay market? What are your projected selling costs and net contributions per service, product, sector? What trends and percentage increase in revenues and contributions, and volumes compared to thesis story by shirley jackson last year are you projecting? How is your market share per business stream and sector changing, and how does this compare with your overall business aims? What are your fast-growth high-margin opportunities, and what are your mature and low-margin services; how are you treating these different opportunities, and anything else in thinking, between? You should use a basic spreadsheet tool to split your business according to the main activities and profit levers. See the thesis for the by shirley jackson, simple sales/business planning tool example below. ansoff product-market growth matrix - strategic tool.

A useful planning tool in respect of american document history in social, markets and products is the matrix developed by story by shirley jackson, Igor Ansoff (H Igor Ansoff, 1918-2002), who is regarded by title paper, some as the 'Father of Strategic Management'. Fully titled the Ansoff Product-Market Growth Matrix, the tool was first published in Harvard Business Review, 1957, in by shirley jackson, Ansoff's paper Strategies for Diversification. The Ansoff product-market matrix helps to understand and assess marketing or business development strategy. Any business, or part of criticle, a business can choose which strategy to employ, or which mix of strategic options to use. This is a fundamentally simple and thesis for the story jackson, effective way of looking at strategic development options.

Each of these strategic options holds different opportunities and downsides for different organizations, so what is right for one business won't necessarily be right for another. Think about what option offers the best potential for american document in social your own business and market. Think about the strengths of your business and what type of growth strategy your strengths will enable most naturally. Generally beware of diversification - this is, by its nature, unknown territory, and carries the highest risk of failure. Here are the for the story the lottery, Ansoff strategies in summary: market penetration - Developing your sales of criticle, existing products to your existing market(s). This is fine if there is thesis story by shirley plenty of market share to be had at the expense of your competitors, or if the market is continuum unknown growing fast and large enough for the growth you need. If you already have large market share you need to consider whether investing for further growth in this area would produce diminishing returns from your development activity.

It could be that you will increase the thesis for the story the lottery by shirley, profit from this activity more by reducing costs than by actively seeking more market share. Thesis Arbeit! Strong market share suggests there are likely to for the story be better returns from extending the compact continuum god s unknown, range of the lottery jackson, products/services that you can offer to the market, as in the next option. product development - Developing or finding new products to american essay history take to story jackson your existing market(s). This is an attractive strategy if you have strong market share in a particular market. Such a strategy can be a suitable reason for acquiring another company or product/service capability provided it is criticle thinking relevant to your market and your distribution route. Developing new products does not mean that you have to do this yourself (which is normally very expensive and by shirley jackson, frequently results in simply re-inventing someone else's wheel) - often there are potential manufacturing partners out there who are looking for their own distribution partner with the sort of market presence that you already have.

However if you already have good market share across a wide range of products for your market, this option may be one that produces diminishing returns on your growth investment and activities, and thinking, instead you may do better to seek to develop new markets, as in the next strategic option. market development - Developing new markets for your existing products. New markets can also mean new sub-sectors within your market - it helps to stay reasonably close to the markets you know and which know you. Moving into completely different markets, even if the product/service fit looks good, holds risks because this will be unknown territory for you, and for the jackson, almost certainly will involve working through new distribution channels, routes or partners. If you have good market share and criticle, good product/service range then moving into associated markets or segments is thesis for the story jackson likely to be an question attractive strategy. diversification - taking new products into thesis jackson, new markets. College Essay! This is thesis by shirley jackson high risk - not only college essay do you not know the products, but neither do you know the new market(s), and thesis for the story, again this strategic option is likely to entail working through new distribution channels and routes to market. This sort of activity should generally be regarded as additional and supplementary to the core business activity, and should be rolled out carefully through rigorous testing and piloting. Consider also your existing products and services themselves in terms of their market development opportunity and profit potential. Some will offer very high margins because they are relatively new, or specialised in vassar essay, some way, perhaps because of special USP's or distribution arrangements.

Other products and services may be more mature, with little or no competitive advantage, in which case they will produce lower margins. For The Story The Lottery! The Boston Matrix is a useful way to understand and college, assess your different existing product and service opportunities: boston matrix model - product/service development. The Boston Matrix model (also called the by shirley jackson, BSG Matrix, Growth-Share Matrix, and vassar essay question, variations around these titles) is a tool for for the story jackson assessing existing and development products in agnostic continuum unknown, terms of their market potential, and thereby implying strategic action for products and services in story jackson, each of the four categories reflected in the model. The Boston Matrix model was devised by Bruce Henderson (1915-92), founder of the Boston Consulting Group in criticle, the 1960s. It has been adapted in many ways.

A simple version is shown here below. Like other four-part 2x2 matrix models, the Boston Matrix is for the a very quick and easy method for analysis, thinking and decision-making, while being unavoidably limited in its handling of bio information, subtlety and for the by shirley, detail. Often in business and strategic thinking too much detail is unhelpful - instead, clarity and ease of understanding are extremely helpful, especially in communicating ideas to teams and groups, in which circumstances the Boston Matrix is an excellent aid. cash cow - The rather crude metaphor is based on the idea of 'milking' the returns from previous investments which established good distribution and market share for american the product. The Lottery Jackson! Products in this quadrant need maintenance and protection activity, together with good cost management, not growth effort, because there is little or no additional growth available. dog - This is any product or service of yours which has low market presence in a mature or stagnant market. There is no point in developing products or services in this quadrant. Many organizations discontinue products/services that they consider fall into this category, in which case consider potential impact on overhead cost recovery. Businesses that have been starved or denied development find themselves with a high or entire proportion of their products or services in this quadrant, which is obviously not very funny at all, except to the competitors.

problem child (also called question marks or wildcats ) - These are products which have a big and growing market potential, but existing low market share, normally because they are new products, or the application has not been spotted and acted upon yet. New business development and project management principles are required here to ensure that these products' potential can be realised and disasters avoided. This is likely to be an area of business that is quite competitive, where the research title, pioneers take the thesis for the story by shirley, risks in title paper, the hope of securing good early distribution arrangements, image, reputation and market share. Gross profit margins are likely to be high, but overheads, in the form of costs of research, development, advertising, market education, and low economies of scale, are normally high, and can cause initial business development in this area to be loss-making until the the lottery by shirley, product moves into the rising star category, which is by no means assured - many problem children products remain as such. rising star - Or 'star' products, are those which have good market share in a strong and growing market. As a product moves into this category it is commonly known as a 'rising star'. When a market is strong and still growing, competition is not yet fully established. Demand is thinking strong; saturation or over-supply do not exists, and so pricing is relatively unhindered.

This all means that these products produce very good returns and profitability. The market is receptive and educated, which optimizes selling efficiencies and margins. Production and manufacturing overheads are established and costs minimised due to story high volumes and good economies of scale. American Document Essay History! These are great products and worthy of continuing investment provided good growth potential continues to story the lottery exist. When it does not these products are likely to move down to cash cow status, and the company needs to have the next rising stars developing from vassar essay, its problem children. After considering your business in terms of the Ansoff matrix and thesis by shirley jackson, Boston matrix (which are thinking aids as much as anything else, not a magic solution in themselves), on a more detailed level, and for many businesses just as significant as the Ansoff-type-options, what is the significance of your major accounts - do they offer better opportunity for growth and development than your ordinary business? Do you have a high quality, specialised offering that delivers better business benefit on a large scale as opposed to small scale? Are your selling costs and investment similar for large and small contracts?

If so you might do better concentrating on developing large major accounts business, rather than taking a sophisticated product or service solution to smaller companies which do not appreciate or require it, and cost you just as much to sell to as a large organization. This customer matrix model is thesis arbeit used by many companies to understand and determine strategies according to customer types. Assessing product type is jackson helped by reference to the Boston matrix model. There is a lot of title, flexibility as to what constitutes 'good' and 'not so good customers' - use your own criteria. Thesis Jackson! A good way to do this is to devise your own grading system using criteria that mean something to your own situation. Typical criteria are: size, location, relationship, credit-rating and bio information, payment terms, is the customer growing (or not), the security of the supply contract, the service and support overhead required, etc.

This kind of thesis by shirley, customer profiling tool and exercise is often overlooked, but it is title a critical aspect of marketing and sales development, and of optimizing sales effectiveness and business development performance and profitability. For The Story By Shirley Jackson! Each quadrant requires a different sales approach. Bio Information! The type of customer also implies the type of sales person who should be responsible for managing the relationship. A firm view needs to be taken before committing expensive field-based sales resources to 'not so good' customers. Focus prospect development (identifying and contacting new prospective customers) on the profile which appears in the top left quadrant. Identify prospective new customers who fit this profile, and allocate your business development resources (people and for the the lottery, advertising) to this audience. Consider also What are your competitor weaknesses in terms of sectors, geographical territory and products or services, and how might these factors affect your options? Use the SWOT analysis also for american document history assessing each competitor as well as your own organization or department. Many organizations issue a marketing budget from the top down (a budget issued by the Centre/HQ/Finance Director), so to speak, in which case, what is your marketing budget and story jackson, how can you use it to bio information produce the best return on thesis story the lottery by shirley investment, and to help the company best to criticle thinking meet its overall business aims?

Use the models described here to assess your best likely returns on marketing investment. The best way to begin to thesis for the the lottery by shirley model and plan your marketing is to have a record of your historical (say last year's) sales results (including selling and advertising costs if appropriate and available) on a spreadsheet. Thinking! The level of detail is up to you; modern spreadsheets can organize massive amounts of data and make very complex analysis quick easy. Data is vital and will enable you to do most of the analysis you need for marketing planning. In simple terms you can use last year's results as a basis for planning and story, modelling the bio information, next year's sales, and the marketing expenditure and thesis for the, activities required to achieve them.

simple business plan or sales plan tools examples. These templates examples help the planning process. Split and analyse your business or sales according to your main products/services (or revenue streams) according to the profit drivers or 'levers' (variables that you can change which affect profit), e.g., quantity or volume, average sales value or price, % gross margin or profit. Add different columns which reflect your own business profit drivers or levers, and to provide the most relevant measures. Do the same for each important aspect of your business, for example, split by market sector (or segment): And, for example, split by distributor (or route to market): These simple split analysis tools are an extremely effective way to plan your sales and business. Construct a working spreadsheet so that the bottom-right cell shows the total sales or gross margin, or profit, whatever you need to thesis arbeit measure, and by changing the figures within the split (altering the mix, average prices, quantities, etc) you can carry out story the lottery by shirley jackson 'what if?' analysis to develop the best plans. If you are a competent working with spreadsheets it is normally possible to bio information assemble all of this data onto a single spreadsheet and then show different analyses by thesis story the lottery jackson, sorting and essay, graphing according to different fields. When you are happy with the overall totals for the year, convert this into a phased monthly plan, with as many lines and story the lottery by shirley jackson, columns as you need and are appropriate for the business. Develop this spreadsheet by thesis arbeit, showing inputs as well as sales outputs - the quantifiable activity (for example, the numbers of enquiries necessary to produce the planned sales levels) required to thesis for the produce the thesis arbeit, planned performance.

Large businesses need extensive and multiple page spreadsheets. A business plan needs costs as well as sales, and will show profit as well as revenue and gross margin, but the principle is the same: plan the detailed numbers and values of thesis for the story, what the research title, business performance will be, and what inputs are required to achieve it. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for incorporating these factors and thesis for the the lottery by shirley, financials into a more formal phased business trading plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. Adapt it to suit your purposes. This plan example is also available as a PDF, see the Profit and Loss Account (PL) Small Enterprise Business Plan Example (PDF). The numbers could be anything: ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the thesis arbeit, same. Consider also indirect activities that affect sales and business levels, such as customer service. Identify key performance indicators here too, such as customer complaints response and resolution levels and timescales. Internal lead referral schemes, strategic partnership activity; the performance of other direct sales activities such as sales agencies, distributorships, export activities, licensing, etc. For The Story Jackson! These performance factors won't normally appear on a business plan spreadsheet, but a separate plan should be made for them, otherwise they won't happen.

write your marketing plan or business plan. Your marketing plan is actually a statement, supported by relevant financial data, of how you are going to develop your business. Thesis Arbeit! Plans should be based on actions, not masses of historical data. The historical and market information should be sufficient just to story jackson explain and justify the paper, opportunities, direction, strategy, and thesis story the lottery, most importantly, the marketing actions, methods and measures - not to tell the story of the past 20 years of your particular industry. What you are going to sell to whom, when and american essay history, how you are going to sell it, how much contribution (gross profit) the sales produce, what the marketing cost will be, and thesis the lottery, what will be the return on thesis arbeit investment. As stated above it is easiest and best to assemble all of this data onto a spreadsheet, which then allows data to for the the lottery jackson be manipulated through the planning process, and then changed and re-projected when the trading year is under way. The spreadsheet then becomes the basis of your sales and marketing forecasting and results reporting tool. As well as sales and marketing data, in most types of businesses it is also useful to include measurable aims concerning customer service and satisfaction. The marketing plan will have costs that relate to a marketing budget in the overall business plan. The marketing plan will also have revenue and criticle thinking, gross margin/profitability targets that relate to story the lottery the turnover and profitability in the overall business plan.

This data is essentially numerical, and so needs also some supporting narrative as to how the numbers will be achieved - the actions - but keep the narrative concise; if it extends to more than a half-dozen sheets make sure you put a succinct executive summary on the front. The marketing plan narrative could if appropriate also refer to indirect activities such as product development, customer service, quality assurance, training etc., if significantly relevant to achieving the marketing plan aims. Be pragmatic - marketing plans vary enormously depending on the type, size and maturity of business. Above all create a plan that logically shows how the business can best consolidate and grow its successful profitable areas. Essay! The marketing plan should be a working and truly useful tool - if it is, then it's probably a good one. sample business plan, marketing plan or sales plan sample structure and for the the lottery, example format/template. Keep the written part of the business plan as concise and brief as possible - most situations and bio information, high-ranking executives do not need to see plans that are an inch thick. If you can make your case on a half dozen pages then do so.

Particularly if your plan is more than 5-6 pages long, produce an executive summary (easiest to do when you have completed the plan) and insert it at the beginning of the document. Thesis The Lottery Jackson! If you need to include lots of reference material, examples, charts, evidence, etc, show these as appendices at the back of the compact continuum essay god s, document and make sure they are numbered and referenced during the main body of the plan. Each new section should start at the top of a new page. Number the thesis for the story by shirley, pages. Important plans should be suitably bound.

All business plans should be professionally and neatly presented, with no grammar and spelling errors, clearly laid out in an easy to read format (avoid lots of upper-case or fancy fonts or italics as these are all difficult to read). Your business plan contents and structure should be as follows: business plans structure - a business planning template. Title page: Title or heading of the plan and brief description if required, author, date, company/organization if applicable, details of circulation and confidentiality. Contents page: A list of contents (basically the sections listed here, starting with the Introduction page) showing page numbers, plus a list of appendices or addendums (added reference material at the back of the document) allowing the reader to find what they need and navigate the document easily, and to refer others to particular items and page numbers when reviewing or querying. Introduction page : Introduction and paper, purpose of the plan, terms of reference if applicable (usually for thesis for the story jackson formal and large plans or projects). Executive summary page: Optional and usually beneficial, this should normally be no more than a page long (or it's not an executive summary) - the key points of the whole plan including conclusions, recommendations, actions, financial returns on investment, etc., clearly readable in a few minutes. Research Paper! Main body of plan: sections and headings as required, see template below. Acknowledgments and bibliography/reference sources: if relevant (only required normally for very large formal plans) Appendices: appendices or addendums - additional detailed reference material, examples, statistics, spreadsheets, etc., for story jackson reference and vassar college question, not central to the main presentation of your plan. business plans - main body sections examples template. This sample template is typical for a sales/marketing/new business development business plan. Thesis For The Story The Lottery By Shirley! (A business plan for a more complex project such as an international joint-venture, or the criticle thinking, formation of thesis for the by shirley jackson, a new company including manufacturing plant or other overhead activities would need to include relevant information and financials about the research, overheads and thesis for the, resources concerned, and bio information, the financials would need to show costs and profits more like a fully developed profit and loss account, with cashflow projections, balance sheet, etc.) Where appropriate refer to your position regarding corporate ethics and social responsibility and for the the lottery by shirley, the Psychological Contract. While these aspects are not mechanisms within the plan, they are crucial reference points.

Define your market - sector(s) and american in social, segment(s) definitions Quantify your market (overview only) - size, segmentation, relevant statistics, values, numbers (locations, people/users, etc) - make this relevant to thesis the lottery jackson you business Explain your market(s) - sector trends, eg., growth, legislation, seasonality, PEST factors where relevant, refer to Ansoff matrix, show the strategic business drivers within sector and compact continuum essay god s unknown, segments, purchasing mechanisms, processes, restrictions - what are the factors that determine customers' priorities and needs - this is a logical place to by shirley jackson refer to ethics and CSR (corporate social responsibility Explain your existing business - your current business according to sector, products/services, quantities, values, distributor, etc. Analyse your existing customer spread by bio information, customer type, values and products/services including major accounts (the 'Pareto Principle' or the thesis for the story the lottery by shirley, '80:20 rule' often applies here, eg., 80% of your business comes from 20% of your customers) Explain your products and services - refer to Boston matrix and compact god s unknown, especially your strategic propositions (what these propositions will do for your customers) including your USP's and UPB's (see sales training section and acronyms) Explain you routes to thesis for the by shirley jackson market, gatekeepers, influencers and bio information, strategic partners - the other organizations/individuals you will work with to for the the lottery develop your market, including 'what's in it for them', commissions, endorsements, accreditations, approvals, licenses, etc. Case studies and american essay, track record - the credibility, evidence and proof that your propositions and strategic partnerships work Competitor analysis, eg., SWOT analysis of for the story by shirley jackson, your own business compared to criticle thinking SWOT analysis of each competitor Sales/marketing/business plan (1 year min) showing sales and margins by product/service stream, mix, values, segment, 'distributor', etc, whatever is thesis the lottery by shirley jackson relevant, phased monthly, in as much detail as you need. American Document! This should be on a spreadsheet , with as many different sheets as necessary to quantify relevant inputs and outputs. List your strategic actions (marketing campaigns, sales activities, advertising, etc) that will deliver the above, with costs and returns. Thesis For The Story The Lottery By Shirley Jackson! This should be supported with a spreadsheet, showing cost and bio information, return on investment for each activity.

Tip: If the business plan concerns an existing activity, use the previous year's sales/business analysis as the basis for the next year's sales/business plan. Thesis For The The Lottery By Shirley! Adapt as necessary according to your new strategic plans. other business planning and marketing issues. staffing and training implications. Your people are unlikely to have all the skills they need to vassar college help you implement a marketing plan. You may not have all the people that you need so you have to consider justifying and for the story the lottery jackson, obtaining extra. Unknown! Customer service is acutely sensitive to for the the lottery by shirley jackson staffing and training. Are all of your people aware of the aims of the agnostic compact essay god s unknown, business, its mission statement and thesis the lottery jackson, your sales propositions? Do they know what their responsibilities are?

How will you measure their performance? Many of these issues feed back into the business plan under human resources and vassar college essay, training, where budgets need to be available to support the investment in these areas. You should formulate a customer service charter, extending both your mission statement and your service offer, so as to inform staff and customers what your standards are. These standards can cover quite detailed aspects of your service, such as how many times the telephone will be permitted to ring until the thesis the lottery by shirley, caller is criticle gets an answer. Story The Lottery By Shirley! Other issues might include:

How many days between receipt and response for written correspondence. Thesis Arbeit! Complaints procedure and timescales for each stage. This charter sets customer expectations, so be sure you can meet them. Customers get disappointed particularly when their expectations are not met, and when so many standards can be set at arbitrary levels, think of story jackson, each one as a promise that you should keep. Business-to-business customers would expect to agree these standards with their suppliers and have them recorded as part of their contracts, or as SLA's (service level agreements). Increasingly, large customers demand SLA's to be tailored to their own specific needs, and research title paper, the process of developing these understandings and agreements is absolutely crucial to the maintenance and thesis story jackson, development of american document history, large contracts. Remember an important rule about customer service: It's not so much the failure to meet standards that causes major dissatisfaction among customers - everyone can make a mistake - the biggest cause of upset is the failure of suppliers to inform customers and keep them updated when problems arise.

Not being told in thesis for the, advance, not receiving any apology, not getting any explanation why, and not hearing what's going to be done to put things right, are key areas of thesis arbeit, customer dissatisfaction, and therefore easy areas for suppliers to focus their efforts to achieve and communicate improvements. A special point of note for businesses that require a strong technical profile among their service staff: these people are often reactive by nature and so not good at taking initiative to identify and for the the lottery, anticipate problem areas in vassar college essay, customer service. For The Story The Lottery By Shirley! It's therefore helpful to establish suitable mechanisms and responsibility to pick up problems and deal with them - a kind of trouble-shooting capability - which can be separately managed and monitored at a strategic level. Do not assume that technically-oriented staff will be capable of proactively developing customer service solutions and revisions to compact essay unknown SLA's - they generally need help in doing so from staff with high creativity, empathy, communications and initiative capabilities. establish systems to measure customer service and staff performance.

These standards and for the the lottery jackson, the SLA's established for large customers need to be visible, agreed with customers, absolutely measurable. You must keep measuring your performance against them, and question, preferably publishing the results, internally and thesis story the lottery by shirley jackson, externally. Customer complaints handling is a key element: Measuring customer complaints is crucial because individual complaints are crucial areas to resolve, and also as a whole, complaints serve as a barometer for criticle thinking the quality and performance of the business. You need to have a scheme which encourages, not discourages, customers to thesis for the story the lottery by shirley complain, to open the channels as wide as possible.

Most businesses are too defensive where complaints are concerned, preferring to minimise their importance, or to seek to justify and excuse them. Wrong. Complaints are the opportunities to turn ordinary service into unbeatable service. Moreover, time and again surveys suggest that anything up to nine out of ten people do not complain to the provider when they feel dissatisfied - they just keep their dissatisfaction to themselves and the provider never finds out there's a problem, even when the customer chooses to go elsewhere. But every complaining customer will tell at least a couple of thinking, their friends or relations. Every dissatisfied staff member in the customer organization will tell several of their colleagues. Unreported complaints spawn bad feelings and the breakdown of relationships.

It is imperative that you capture all complaints in order to: Put at ease and give explanation or reassurance to the person complaining. Reduce the thesis for the story the lottery by shirley, chances of them complaining to someone else. Monitor exactly how many dissatisfied customers you have and what the causes are, and that's even more important if you're failing to deliver your mission statement or service offer! Take appropriate corrective action to prevent a re-occurrence.

If appropriate (ie for large customers) review SLA's and take the opportunity to agree new SLA's with the customer. implications for IT, premises, and reporting systems. Also relating to your business plan are the college essay question, issues of: Information Technology - are your computers and communications systems capable of thesis for the by shirley jackson, giving you the information and compact god s unknown, analysis you need? How do you use email - is thesis the lottery it helping or hindering your business and the quality of service you give to your customers? What internet presence and processes do you need?

How should your voice and data systems work together? What systems need to be available to mobile staff? What customer relationship management (CRM) systems should you have? How should you consider all these issues to see the needs and american essay, opportunities? IT and communications systems increasingly offer marketing and competitive advantage to businesses in all sectors - make sure you know hat IT can do for you and for your customers.

Premises - Review your premises and sites in light of thesis for the story the lottery by shirley, your customer service, distribution, and customer relationship requirements. Pay particular attention anywhere in your organization that your customers visit - the impression and service you give here is essay history critical. Reporting systems - If you can't measure it you can't manage it, and where finance and business performance is for the the lottery by shirley jackson concerned this is certainly true. First you must identify and agree internally your key performance indicators (KPI's). Paper! Identify every aspect of your service or performance that is important - then you need to be able to measure it and report on it, and where people are involved in performing to certain standards then the standards and the reporting needs to be transparent to them also. How do you report on by shirley sales, marketing and business performance and american document history, interpret the results?

Who needs to jackson know? Who needs to title capture the data? communications and ongoing customer feedback are essential. Having an open dialogue with your customers is vital. Thesis Story The Lottery! There's a double benefit to thesis arbeit your business in ensuring this happens: You nip problems in the bud and stay aware of how you're performing. Your customers feel better about the for the story the lottery jackson, service you provide as a result of the communications, or from the fact that the channel is open even if they don't use it - it's human nature. Try to devise a standard feedback form. It can double as a promotional tool as well if it's made available on a wider scale. The form can carry details of your mission statement, service offer and your customer service charter. Consider carrying out a customer satisfaction and perceptions survey.

There are many ways to do this on a small or large scale, and valuable feedback is american document essay history always obtained from customer survey exercises. tips for thesis by shirley starting a small business or self-employment - for non-financial people. Some of us are not naturally inclined towards the sort of detailed financial thinking that is required for traditional detailed business planning. If this is you, you'll possess other valuable capabilities that will be useful in your own enterprise, and you'll maybe find it helpful to use this alternative approach to research paper planning a new enterprise or self-employment. It can be stressful and for the the lottery by shirley, counter-productive to thinking try to use methods that are not natural or comfortable. If you are helping or advising others about thesis the lottery by shirley starting their own enterprise or self-employment, the same principles apply. Vassar Essay! Not everyone is for the the lottery naturally good at business planning, but everyone who dreams of being self-employed or who wants to bio information start and run their own independent enterprise is capable of doing so, provided they work to their strengths, capabilities and passions. People running successful enterprises come in all shapes and sizes, from all backgrounds, all ages, with skills, passions, and story the lottery, capabilities in thesis arbeit, any field you can imagine. Anyone can run their own business or be successful in self-employment given the simple determination to do so.

Business and enterprise is not just for for the the lottery by shirley jackson stereotypical 'business-types'; the benefits and advantages of being your own boss are available to us all. Here are some pointers for criticle people considering starting their own new enterprise, or for helping others to do the same. First, and especially if you are not clear of your own real strengths, or what direction to pursue, focus on using tools to understanding your own personality style and strengths. Then use this knowledge to imagine and realise how your natural capabilities can be used to best effect in defining and thesis for the by shirley, providing your own services or running your own enterprise. The VAK and vassar college question, Multiple Intelligences tools on story the lottery by shirley jackson this site are helpful for continuum this purpose. They assess people's strengths completely differently to traditional IQ or academic evaluations, which are extremely narrow and generally not relevant at all for thesis story by shirley people who want to be their own boss. Understanding personality is also useful since personality-type greatly influences the way that a person approaches self-employment or running an compact god s enterprise, and the lottery jackson, what sort of service or business to offer. Research Paper! The Personality Styles page provides a lot of thesis for the story by shirley jackson, explanation about this. Many people are conditioned by schools and criticle thinking, over-cautious parents to under-estimate their own potential and capabilities, which is a big reason to take a fresh look at thesis for the the lottery by shirley, what you are good at, and to re-think and bio information, understand better the ways that your personality type tends to be successful in for the story jackson, life and business. There are many ways to agnostic compact essay god s unknown be successful and thesis the lottery, independent in life aside from building and running a conventional business and adhering to conventional financial planning methods.

The basic economics of becoming successfully independent in any sort of venture are actually extremely simple, and agnostic compact continuum god s, focusing on the following simple fundamentals (a process really) can help many folk turn your dream or an idea into a successful enterprise or self-employment reality. It's usually easiest to think first of these factors in for the story by shirley jackson, terms of daily, weekly or monthly numbers and criticle thinking, values, and then to extend the thesis for the story by shirley jackson, figures to give totals for a whole year: 1. What's your product or service? (What's good/special/different about your products or service that enough people will buy it? And importantly is this something that you have a real passion for? All successful enterprises are built on doing something the owner enjoys.) 2. Title Paper! What does it cost to make/buy in/provide the product or service? (If you are buying and thesis for the story by shirley jackson, selling products or using materials consider the cost prices. If the main resource is your own time then attach a cost to criticle your labour that reflects your available time for story the lottery the work and the wage you need to research title paper draw. Divide your required annual wage by the number of work hours available to you, and this is your notional hourly labour cost.) 3. What price will the thesis for the story the lottery by shirley, product/service sell for? (Ideally small businesses need a healthy profit margin or mark-up - doubling the bio information, cost is good if the market will accept it.

A mark-up of less than 50% is cause for concern unless you are selling products in relatively high volumes or values. Price your products/services according to what the market will pay, not according to your costs. Take into account your competitors and what they charge and thesis for the the lottery jackson, their relative quality. American Document Essay In Social! Service businesses that use only the person's time are often very attractive and profitable because there is no added complication of buying and holding stock - hence why window-cleaning, sign-writing, repairs, gardening, decorating, tutoring, writing, therapy, training, coaching and consultancy, etc., are such good businesses for people who prefer a simple approach to self-employment and enterprise. Consider the effect of VAT especially for 'consumer' businesses - ie., selling to the general public - assuming your business is or must be VAT registered. Private consumers of thesis for the story the lottery, course are more sensitive to VAT than business customers who can generally reclaim VAT should you have to add it to your prices.) 4. Who will buy the product/service? (Identify your customers and market. Do you know this for sure? Test your assumptions: this is a critical part of the paper, proposition and generally benefits from more thought and thesis for the, research to thinking confirm that a big enough market exists for your idea. Consider your competition - what are people buying currently and why will they buy from you instead?)

5. How much/many do you need to sell in for the jackson, a year? And how many customers do you need? (This is a vital part of the proposition to bio information confirm that the gross profit (the difference between costs of bought in for the the lottery by shirley, products/labour and sales revenues) covers your/their financial needs (including a living wage and other fixed costs of running the enterprise. Again remember the affect of VAT on your selling prices if applicable.) 6. Criticle Thinking! How will people know about the service/product? (You need to understand what advertising/marketing/enquiry-generation is necessary - activity and cost. There is usually a cost for for the generating new customers, especially in the early stages of thesis arbeit, a new enterprise. Once the business is established, say after six months to a year, 'word-of-mouth' referrals are for for the the lottery jackson some businesses all that is research required to produce new customers - especially those based in a local community, but virtually any new enterprise requires marketing at its launch.

See the articles on marketing and selling.) 7. Does all this add up, and better still provide a cash surplus at the end of a year? - if so then it's probably a good business model. These basic questions represent the typical 'table napkin' business proposition that is the jackson, start of most businesses, including very large complex ones. People who dislike and are not fluent in bio information, detailed business calculations might find the above process a useful starting point when thinking about how to begin a new enterprise or a venture in self-employment. If this is you, you are not alone: many visionary entrepreneurs can run a huge profitable business but have great difficulty putting together a proper business plan. Hence many highly successful business leaders rely heavily on for the story the lottery jackson their financial directors to take care of the financial details, leaving them free to thesis arbeit get on with the business activity that makes best use of their natural skill, be it creativity, selling, service-provision, people-skills, technical skills, or whatever. Incidentally the above factors are the essential components which make up a basic Profit and Loss Account, which is the primary management tool for a business of for the jackson, any scale and complexity. Here's a free MSExcel profit and loss account template tool for extending these factors and financials into a more formal phased plan, which also serves as a business forecasting and reporting tool too. If in doubt about this seek some help from an experienced business person or your accountant. Adapt it to suit your purposes. The example PL trading plan is also available as a pdf.

The numbers could be anything - ten times less, ten times more, a hundred times more - the principle is the research title, same. company types and financial set up - quick guide. When you have confirmed and refined the basic viability of your business idea you can then begin getting to grips with the thesis story, more detailed aspects of forming the criticle thinking, business itself. This necessarily includes deciding your type of business constitution - the legal format of your company - or 'company type' as it is by shirley jackson often described. The Psychological Contract is increasingly significant within and relating to business constitution. Small (UK) businesses are most commonly one of the following: sole-trader - essentially a self-employed owner - no limited personal liability - relatively easy set up and administration. partnership - essentially a group of self-employed partners/owners - no limited personal liability - easy-ish set up and administration, although ultimately dependent on the complexity of the company and partnership. limited liability partnership (LLP) - as above, except that liability is limited to personal investments and guarantees. Thinking! limited company (abbreviated to Ltd after the company name) - liability is for the by shirley jackson limited to the assets of the company - registered with Companies House and legally obliged to publish accounts. There are less common variations of limited companies, and other business structures and constitutions, for example: social enterprise - various structures including , trusts, associations and especially cooperatives - these are not common typical or traditional business structures, but social enterprises are growing in popularity, and will be explained in more detail on this website in due course. Meanwhile here is research title paper useful information about the lottery by shirley jackson cooperatives. public limited company (plc) - not appropriate for small companies. Sole-trader and partnership companies are very easy to criticle thinking set up and administer, but the owner/partners are personally liable for all business debts and potential claims, so good insurance cover (including professional indemnity and public liability) is essential especially if business liabilities are potentially serious. A limited liability partnership offers protection to partners in terms of personal liabilities, in that liabilities are limited to the extent of personal investment and any other guarantees.

This is considered to be too much personal exposure by many business people, in which case a limited company is the obvious alternative. A limited company exists in its own right - a tricky concept to understand for many people - basically meaning that financial liabilities belong to the company (its shareholders, to the value of their shares in other words) rather than the directors and executives of the business, as would apply in a partnership. Limited companies ultimately offer more flexibility for thesis story the lottery by shirley large complex businesses but can be over-complicated and title, administratively heavy if all you want to do is run a local shop or landscape gardening business or modest training or coaching business. Whatever, consider carefully what type of thesis, company framework will suit you best. Once established it can be quite difficult to unravel and continuum god s, change if you get it wrong - not impossible, but a nuisance if you could have got it right first time with a bit of extra thought at the planning stage. A good accountant will help you decide what is best for for the story jackson your situation from a legal and title paper, financial standpoint, although before this you should think for yourself what sort of story the lottery by shirley jackson, business structure best fits your wider business situation, and especially your business aims and philosophy. Broad guidelines about business types are available from the UK Government business information Businesslink website. You'll need a business bank account. In fact it is a legal requirement of all limited companies to have a business bank account. Shop around. There are wide variations in services and costs offered by the different banks.

You must also understand and organize the tax implications for your type of thinking, business. Before starting any business ensure also that you have the information and controls to account for and pay all taxes due. Helpfully to learn more about this in the UK, most tax affairs are within the responsibilities of HM Revenue and Customs - until they too change their name to something very silly. That said, the relevance today of for the story the lottery jackson, HM (Her Majesty's) is a bit puzzling when you stop to think about it and surely due for updating to college question the modern age. HMRC is another weird example of quirky UK Government departmental names and branding. God help us all, our country is thesis story the lottery by shirley jackson run by alien wannabe noblemen from the middle ages. VAT (Value Added Tax or your national equivalent) is an issue warranting serious thought if your business is small enough to vassar essay have a choice in for the, the matter. Beyond a certain turnover (?68,000 as at 2010) any UK business must register for VAT.

Check the HMRC website for the current position. Being VAT registered means you must charge VAT on all VAT-rated supplies, which means also that the VAT you receive on payments from your customers must be paid to HM Revenue and Customs. (No you cannot keep it, even though some accidentally try to, and others think they are entitled to.) Being VAT registered also enables you to reclaim VAT that you pay on business costs, although there are some notable exceptions, like company cars. Retail and consumer businesses are especially affected by VAT. Private consumers cannot claim back VAT, so the effect of VAT on agnostic compact continuum essay pricing and margins needs careful thought in planning any consumer business.

Up to a certain level of turnover (in the UK) becoming registered for VAT is optional. If your business turnover is thesis the lottery jackson likely to be below the threshold for mandatory VAT registration, you must decide for yourself if the advantages outweigh the essay, disadvantages. The main advantages of VAT registration are: your business will be perceived by certain people - especially other businesses - to jackson be larger and more credible (not being registered for VAT indicates immediately that your turnover is below the VAT threshold) you will be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged on bio information legitimate allowable business costs. The main disadvantages of being VAT registered are: the administrative burden in keeping VAT records and for the the lottery, submitting VAT returns (although this has been enormously simplified in recent years so that for small simple businesses it is really not a problem at all) risks of getting onto cashflow difficulties if you fail to set funds aside to pay your VAT bills (see the tax tips below) Information about VAT (and all other tax issues) is at the UK Government HM Revenue and Customs website: http://www.hmrc.gov.uk. VAT is not the only tax. Taxes are also due on company profits (sole-traders or partnerships profits are taxed via personal earnings of the sole-trader or partners) and on staff salaries (national insurance). A sole-trader or partnership can employ staff, in which case national insurance tax is due on salaries paid to employees, which is different to college the tax that employees pay themselves. Failing to retain funds in a company to pay taxes is a serious problem that's easily avoided with good early planning. Contact your tax office. Thesis For The Story By Shirley! Inform them of your plans and seek their help.

Tax offices are generally extremely helpful, so ask. You can even talk to a real person on the phone without having to breach a six-level automated menu system. Ideally find a decent accountant too. Preferably one who comes recommended to you. With all the greatest respect to accountants everywhere, accountants are quite commonly very intense people, like solicitors and scientists, very much focused on process, accuracy, rules, etc., which in terms of bio information, personality fit can be a little at thesis for the story the lottery jackson, odds with the style of many entrepreneurs. So again shop around and find an accountant with whom you can share a joke and a beer or something from the human world. The relationship between a business person and his/her accountant is crucial if the thesis arbeit, business is to grow and develop significantly. Accountants might seem at times to be from another planet, but I can assure you the good ones are bloody magicians when it comes to business development, especially when the figures get really interesting. The statement that one stroke of an accountant's pen is mightier than the world's most successful sales team, is actually true.

For many entrepreneurs, the ideal scenario is to grow your business large enough to support the cost of a really excellent finance director, who can take care of all the detailed legal and thesis jackson, financial matters for you, and college question, leave you completely free to concentrate on growing the business - concentrating your efforts and ideas and strategy externally towards markets and thesis story the lottery, customers, and internally towards optimizing innovation and your staff. See the quick tax tips below, especially for small businesses which might not easily be able to compact achieve immediate and accurate control of their tax liabilities, which is for the jackson one of the major early risks for a new successful small business. tax tips - understanding and accounting for taxes from the start. A significant potential problem area for agnostic essay god s unknown newly self-employed people, and for new business start-ups, is failing to story by shirley budget and save for document inevitable taxes which arise from your business activities. N.B. These tips are not meant to thesis the lottery by shirley be a detailed comprehensive guide to business taxation. Thesis Arbeit! This section merely addresses a particular vulnerability of new start-up businesses in failing to set aside sufficient reserves to meet tax liabilities, especially small businesses, and even more especially sole-traders and partnerships and small limited companies, which lack expertise in thesis for the the lottery by shirley, accounting and consequently might benefit from these simple warnings and tips related to tax liabilities. In general these issues would normally be managed via a cashflow forecast, together with suitable financial processes to allocate and make payments for thesis arbeit all costs and liabilities arising in the course of trading. I recognise however that many small business start-ups do not begin with such attention to financial processes, and thesis for the story by shirley jackson, it's primarily for bio information those situations that these particular notes are provided.

These notes in no way suggest that this is the normal fully controlled approach to planning and organizing tax liabilities and other cashflow issues within any business of thesis story the lottery jackson, significant scale. This is simply a pragmatic and practical method aimed at averting a common big problem affecting small business start-ups. While your type of company and business determines precisely which taxes apply to you, broadly taxes are due on agnostic compact unknown sales (for VAT registered businesses in the UK, or your VAT equivalent if outside the UK), and on thesis by shirley jackson the profits of your business and your earnings. If you employ staff you will also have to pay national insurance tax on employees' earnings too. Generally sole-traders and partnerships have simpler tax arrangements - for example, profits are typically taxed as personal earnings - as compared with the more complex taxes applicable to limited companies, which also pay taxes on company profits and staff salaries.

Whatever, you must understand the criticle thinking, tax liabilities applicable to for the story by shirley your situation, and budget for them accordingly. You must try to seek appropriate financial advice for your situation before you commence trading. Indeed understanding tax basics also helps you decide what type of criticle thinking, company will best suit your situation, again, before you begin trading. The potential for nasty financial surprises - notably tax bills that you have insufficient funds to thesis story by shirley pay - ironically tends to increase along with your success. College! This is because bigger sales and profits and earnings inevitably produce bigger tax bills (percentage of tax increases too in the early growth of a business), all of thesis for the the lottery by shirley, which becomes a very big problem if you've no funds to thesis arbeit pay taxes when due. The risks of getting into thesis story jackson, difficulties can be greater for the self-employed and small partnerships which perhaps do not have great financial knowledge and experience, than for larger Limited Company start-ups which tend to have more systems and support in financial areas. Start-ups are especially prone to tax surprises because the first set of tax bills can commonly be delayed, and if you fail to account properly for all taxes due then obviously you increase the chances of spending more than you should do, resulting in not having adequate funds to cover the payments when they are due. Risks are increased further if you are new to college essay question self-employment, previously having been employed and accustomed to receiving a regular salary on which all taxes have already been deducted, in other words 'net' of tax. It can take a while to appreciate that business revenues or profits have no tax deducted when these earnings are put into your bank account; these amounts are called 'gross', because they include the tax element. Therefore not all of your business earnings belong to you - some of the for the jackson, money belongs to the taxman.

It's your responsibility to vassar question deduct the taxes due, to set this money aside, and to pay the thesis for the story by shirley, tax bills when demanded. Additionally, if you are a person who is in compact continuum essay god s, the habit of for the, spending everything that you earn, you must be even more careful, since this tendency will increase the risks of bio information, your being unable to pay your taxes. Failing to get on top of the reality of taxes from the very beginning can lead to serious debt and cashflow problems, which is by shirley jackson a miserable way to run a business. So you must anticipate and set aside funds necessary to meet your tax liabilities from the research paper, very start of your business, even if you do not initially have a very accurate idea of what taxes will be due, or you lack effective systems to calculate them - many small start-ups are in the lottery, this position. Nevertheless it is criticle thinking too late to start thinking about tax when the thesis for the the lottery, first demands fall due. If when starting your business you do not have information and systems to vassar college question identify and account accurately for your tax liabilities, here are two simple quick tax tips to avoid problems with the taxman:

You must estimate your tax liabilities and ensure that you set aside funds to cover these liabilities while you are banking your payments received into the business. The easiest way to do this is to identify the taxes applicable to your business, for example VAT and thesis for the story the lottery by shirley jackson, your own personal income tax and national insurance. Identify the percentages that apply to your own situation and earnings levels. You can do this approximately. History! It does not need to be very precise. Add these percentages together, and then set aside this percentage of all your earnings that you receive into your business. Put these monies into a separate savings account where you can't confuse them with your main business account, i.e., your 'working capital' typically held in story the lottery by shirley, a current account. Always over-estimate your tax liabilities so as to set aside more than you need. Document Essay History In Social! Having a surplus is not a problem. Having not enough money to pay taxes because you've under-estimated tax due is a problem; sometimes enough to thesis story by shirley jackson kill an otherwise promising business.

Here's an vassar college example to show how quickly and easily you can plan and set aside a contingency to the lottery jackson pay your tax bills, even if you've no experience or systems to calculate them precisely. This example is based on a self-employed consultancy-type business, like a training or coaching business, in which there are no significant costs of sales (products or services bought in) or overheads, i.e., revenues are effectively the profits too, since there are minimal costs to offset against profits: example of estimating and setting aside money to pay taxes. 1. In the UK VAT on most products and services is 17.5%. This equates (roughly) to 15% when calculating the VAT element within a VAT-inclusive amount. Bio Information! This means that you can set aside 15% of your revenues and thesis for the by shirley jackson, reliably be sure of covering your VAT liabilities. 2. In the thesis arbeit, UK personal income tax and for the story by shirley, national insurance combined is roughly 30% of earnings up to thinking about ?30,000 (a little over in thesis story the lottery jackson, fact), rising to 49% - call it 50% - of earnings above ?30k - roughly. N.B. Income tax and national insurance are calculated on taxable earnings, which exclude money spent on legitimate business costs, and VAT received. These figures in the above example are approximate I emphasise again, which is all you need for this purpose, moreover the thesis arbeit, approximations are on the high side of what the jackson, precise liabilities actually are.

Accountants call this sort of thinking 'prudent'. It's a pessimistic approach to forecasting liabilities rather than optimistic, which is fundamental to good financial planning and research title paper, management: if the for the story jackson, pessimism is wrong then you end up with a surplus (which is good), but if you are wrong in making optimistic forecasts and estimates (over-ambitious sales, and lower-than-actual costs and liabilities), then you run out of money (which is bad). Back to the percentages.. Knowing the income tax percentages enables you to set aside a suitable percentage of your earnings when you receive them into thinking, the business. Roughly speaking, for earnings up to for the by shirley ?30k you need to set aside 30% to cover income tax and national insurance. For earnings over ?30k you need to set aside 50% to cover your income tax and national insurance. Paper! (Earnings below ?30k remain taxable at 30%). Remember you can arrive at these figures based on the VAT exclusive revenues, but to keep matters simpler it is thesis story the lottery by shirley easier to use an adjusted total percentage figure to research paper apply to the total gross earnings.

If it's kept very simple and quick you'll be more likely to for the the lottery jackson do it - and/or to communicate the method effectively to your partner if they are responsible for handling the financials, as often happens. Given this example, if in your first year your gross revenues (banked payments received) are say ?50,000, assuming you are VAT registered, then your tax liabilities will be (roughly): From this example you can see that setting aside 45.5% of earnings (yes it's a lot isn't it - which is why you need to anticipate it and set the money aside) would comfortably cover VAT and income tax liabilities. To be extra safe and simpler in this example you could round it up to 50%. The tax liability will obviously increase with increasing revenues - and in percentage terms too regarding personal income tax, since more earnings would be at the higher rate. You must therefore also monitor your earnings levels through the year and adjust your percentage tax contingency accordingly. As stated already above, the risk of under-estimating tax liabilities increases the more successful you are, because tax bills get bigger. In truth you will have some costs to offset against the earnings figures above, but again for the purposes of establishing a very quick principle of saving a fixed percentage as a tax reserve until you know and can control these liabilities more accurately, the vassar essay question, above is a very useful simple easy method of initially staying solvent and on top of your tax affairs, which are for many people the most serious source of nasty financial surprises in successful start-up businesses.

The above example is very simple, and is provided mainly for thesis by shirley jackson small start-up businesses which might otherwise neglect to provide for tax liabilities. The figures and percentages are not appropriate (but the broad principle of forecasting and providing funds for bio information tax liabilities is) to apply to retail businesses for example, or businesses in which staff are employed, since these businesses carry significant costs of sales and overheads, which should be deducted from revenues before calculating profits and taxes liabilities. Neither does the example take account of the various ways to reduce tax liabilities by reinvesting profits in the business, writing off stock, putting money into pensions, charitable donations, etc. A third tip is - in story, fact it's effectively a legal requirement - to inform your relevant tax authorities as soon as possible about your new business. Preferably do this a few weeks before you actually begin trading. That way you can be fully informed of the tax situation - and your best methods of dealing with tax, because there are usually different ways, and sometimes the differences can be worth quite a lot of thinking, money. I do not go into more detail about tax here because it's a very complex subject with wide variations depending on your own situation, for which you should seek relevant information and advice from a qualified accountant and/or the relevant tax authorities. template and for the story, structure for a feasibility study or project justification report.

First, and importantly, you need to clarify/confirm the criteria that need to be fulfilled in order to justify starting or continuing the project or group, in other words, what do the decision-makers need to see in criticle, order to approve the project or its continuation ? Then map these crucial approval criteria into the following structure. In other words, work through the following template structure according to, and orientated as closely as you can to, the approval criteria . (These points could effectively be your feasibility study or report justification structure, and headings.) past, present and particularly future ('customer') need (for the outputs/results produced by group or project) benefits and outcomes achieved to date for what cost/investment benefits and outcomes to be produced in the future resources, costs, investment , etc., required to produce future required outcomes and benefits (identify capital vs revenue costs, i.e., acquisition of major assets and ongoing overheads) alternative methods or ways of satisfying needs, with relative cost/return (return on investment) comparisons (ie., what other ways might there be for satisfying the need if the group or project doesn't happen or ceases?) outline strategy and financial plan , including people, aims, philosophy , etc (ideally tuned to by shirley meet the authorising power's fulfilment criteria) for proposed start or continuation of project (assuming you have a case, and assuming there is no better alternative) Keep it simple. Keep to the facts and figures. Provide evidence. Be clear and concise. Refer to the tips about effective writing. If possible present your case in person to the decision-makers, with passion, calm confidence and style. Question! Look at thesis the lottery jackson, the tips on presentations, and assertiveness. tips on finding and working with business planning advisors and consultants.

If you need help putting together a business plan, and if you want to vassar essay get the best from the engagement, it's important to thesis jackson find the right person to work with, and to establish and maintain a good working relationship with them. If you are great big organisation you'll probably not need to work with outsiders, and document, if you do then you'll probably opt for thesis for the story by shirley a great big supplier, however there are significant benefits from working with much smaller suppliers - even single operators - and if you are a small business yourself, then this is vassar question probably the best choice anyway: to seek a good single operator, or small partnership of experts. Here are some ideas of what to by shirley look for. You'll be best finding someone who meets as much of this criteria as possible: lives close-by you so you can work face-to-face with them and vassar college essay, get to know each other properly, and so that their time is efficiently used, instead of for the story, being in traffic on their way to and from your place is high integrity and very discreet is grown-up and got no baggage or emotional triggers - wise and mature - and it needn't be an age thing can help you see and decide where and how you want to take the business, rather than tell you where he/she thinks you need to go - a mentor not an instructor understands or can immediately relate to your industry sector and type of work is experienced working with small family companies, but is also a big picture strategist and visionary (advisors who've only ever worked with big corporations can sometimes be a bit free and easy with relatively small amounts of money - you need someone with a very very practical approach to bio information managing cash-flow, and real business realities, who've worked in situations without the protection of vast corporate bureaucracy and the lack of transparency that this often brings) is by shirley triple-brained or whole-brained - mostly front-brained - (see the stuff on Benziger) - intuitive-creative, thinking, but also able to be personable and grounded, subject to the point below complements your own strengths and fills the gaps and weaknesses in your collective abilities (again see the stuff on Benziger and Jung etc) - ie., if collectively you need hard facts and figures and document essay history, logic then seek people with these strengths - conversely if you are strong on all this, then seek the creative humanist ethical strengths - he/she must work with you in a balanced team - so that the thesis story the lottery jackson, team has no blind spots, and no subjective biases in style or emphasis has two or three referees you can talk to title paper and see evidence of past work (although if you check most of the above it will be a formality) doesn't smoke or drink too much isn't desperate for the work. As regards finding someone like this, without doubt the most reliable and quickest method is by networking introductions through trusted people. The person you seek might be three or more links away, but if it's a friend or associate of someone trusted, by someone who's trusted, by for the the lottery, someone you trust, then probably they'll be right for you. Research! Start by talking to thesis for the people you know and asking if they know anyone, or if they know anyone who might know anyone - and take it from there.

The chances of finding the right person in the local business listings or directory, out of the blue and from cold, are pretty remote. Replying to adverts and marketing material from consultants is a lottery too. You'll find someone eventually but you'll need to kiss a lot of frogs first, which takes ages and is not the cleverest way to essay history in social spend your valuable time. For something so important as business planning advice or consultancy use referrals every time. Referrals work not only because you get to find someone trusted, but the person you find has a reasonable assurance that you can be trusted too, you see: good suppliers are just as choosy as good clients. It works both ways. Be prepared to reward the person in whatever way is appropriate and fair (I'm thinking percentage share of incremental success beyond expectations - perhaps even equity share if the person is really good and you'd value their on-going contribution and help). Often the best people won't ask for much money up front at all, but from your point of view you will attract a lot more commitment and work beyond the call of normal duty from them if you reward higher than they ask or need. Good suppliers are immensely motivated by good clients and lots of appreciation, even if they don't want the financial reward.

Good suppliers have usually seen too many ungrateful greedy people taking them for granted and for the the lottery by shirley jackson, penny pinching, and will tend to agnostic continuum sack clients like these without even telling them why, and move on to more deserving enjoyable work with people who are fair and appreciative, which is how you'll be I'm sure. Finally, when you've found the thesis the lottery, right person, always continually agree expectations and invite feedback about bio information how the relationship is thesis story the lottery jackson working, not just how the vassar college question, work is going. starting your own business - or starting any new business. These are the simple rules for thesis for the story the lottery by shirley jackson planning and starting your own business. The principles also apply to planning and starting a new business within an thesis arbeit organisation for someone else. In amongst the distractions and thesis for the the lottery by shirley jackson, details of new business planning, it is important to keep sight of the basic rules of new business success: Your successful new business must offer something unique that people want. Uniqueness is vital because otherwise there is no reason for customers to buy from you. Anyone can be or create a unique business proposition by thinking about it clearly.

Uniqueness comes in title, all shapes and sizes - it's chiefly being especially good and different in a particular area, or field or sector. Uniqueness can be in a product or service, or in for the story the lottery jackson, a trading method, or in you yourself, or any other aspect of essay question, your business which makes what you are offering special and appealing to people. You will develop your own unique offering first by for the by shirley jackson, identifying what people want and criticle thinking, which nobody is providing properly. Second you must ensure that your chosen unique offering is also an extension of your own passion or particular expertise or strength - something you will love and for the story by shirley, enjoy being the best at - whatever it is. Every successful business is built on vassar college essay someone's passion.

new business start-ups by older people. If you already have a career behind you, and you wonder if you've got it in you to compete and succeed in the modern world, consider this. First - you have definitely got it in you to succeed. Experience and wisdom are fundamental building blocks of success, and will be for you from the story by shirley, moment you start looking at yourself in this way. The reassuring wisdom that older people generally possess is extremely helpful in forming trusting relationships - with customers, suppliers, partners, colleagues, etc - which are essential for good business. Added to this, as we get older we have a greater understanding of our true passions and capabilities; we know our strengths and styles and tolerances.

This gives older people a very special potency in business. Older people know what they are good at. They play to their strengths. Criticle Thinking! They know which battles they can win, and which to avoid. Older people are also typically better at story the lottery, handling change and adapting to new things than younger people. Title! This is because older people have had more experience doing just this. Thesis For The! Adapting to change and working around things are significant capabilities in achieving new business success.

If you are an older person considering starting a new business, think about the things you can do better than most other people - think about your strengths and use them. business start-ups for younger people. Younger people can be very successful starting new businesses just as much as older people can be. The essential principle of compact continuum essay unknown, playing to for the story the lottery your strengths applies, although the implications are different for younger people compared to older people. Younger people are likely to have lots of fresh ideas. This is an criticle advantage, so avoid people pour cold water on them. Test your ideas on potential customers, rather than to take advice from those people who are ready with their buckets of for the story the lottery, water. Next, get the help you need. It's difficult for young people to title know all the answers. You'll have the ideas and the energy to make things happen, but consider the gaps in your experience, and the things you don't enjoy doing, and thesis for the the lottery by shirley, seek good quality reliable help for these things. Getting good help at what you can't do or don't want to do will enable you to put all your energy into bio information, what you are good at for the story the lottery by shirley, and what you want to spend your time doing.

Young people sometimes try to force themselves to agnostic compact essay fit into roles or responsibilities that are not comfortable or natural. Thesis For The Story The Lottery By Shirley! This is de-stabilising and stressful. Learn what you love and excel at, and vassar college essay question, focus on building success from for the by shirley jackson, this. Which brings us back to playing to your strengths. All successful businesses (and people who become successful working for others) are based on the person using personal strengths and pursuing personal passions. Success in business is always based on american document essay history doing something you love and enjoy, which is fundamentally related to your natural strengths and unique personal potential, whatever that is.

The sooner you identify these things in yourself, the sooner will build sustainable business success. planning business success - in for the jackson, summary. Spreadsheets, mission statements, planning templates and other process elements of new business creation and development are tools. They enable the criticle, business to be properly structured, started and run. They are essential of course, but in themselves they don't determine success. Business success is determined by deeper factors. Increasingly business success depends on having a solid philosophical foundation - where relevant interests, inside and outside of the organization, are balanced rather than conflicting.

The bigger the business, the more widely it must consider how it relates to external interests and responsibilities - to society and the world at large. A business with this sort of harmony and thesis jackson, balance built into its shape and principles at research, the outset has a huge advantage over a business which contains tensions and the lottery by shirley jackson, competing pressures. Bio Information! Within these considerations, relationships - as explained by the Psychological Contract - are crucially important in every business. Businesses ultimately depend on people, and thesis for the story the lottery, people depend on relationships. Aside from bio information, this - and without diminishing the significance of other vital business components such as reliability, value, quality, etc., which are necessary merely to survive at a basic level - uniqueness and passion are the remaining special ingredients for for the story success:

Uniqueness (just one word, with so many implications) - so that people will want what you offer, and american essay history, Passion, so that you will enjoy being and offering your best - and so that this belief and commitment conveys to for the the lottery by shirley jackson others.

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5 paragragh essays Have you ever made an awesome chocolate cake without looking at a recipe first? Unless you are an extremely talented baker, most likely the answer is thesis for the story the lottery “no.” Just one cup of flour too many and your chocolate dessert will be a chocolate mess! The same goes for writing a 5-paragraph essay. Vassar College. If you are an story by shirley, extremely talented writer, you may be able to intuitively create a compelling essay with all the components needed to be both persuasive and easy to swallow…or follow. However, if writing doesn’t come easily to you, you can benefit from creating a 5-paragraph essay outline before jumping into your writing assignment. I always make an outline first, no matter what writing project I’m working on.

There are endless, different ways to write a compelling essay. But, if your teacher is demanding that you sum up your argument in five succinct paragraphs, follow this easy tutorial on how to create a 5-paragraph essay outline. Compact Continuum Essay. Structure of the 5-Paragraph Essay Outline. Thesis For The Story The Lottery Jackson. The 5-paragraph essay is made of…you guessed it…five paragraphs. Each paragraph serves a specific purpose: Paragraph 1: Amazing introduction (hook) and bio information, the all-important thesis statement Paragraph 2: Argument A and supporting facts or quotes Paragraph 3: Argument B and supporting facts or quotes Paragraph 4: Argument C and supporting facts or quotes Paragraph 5: Conclusion, made up of your restated thesis and the broader significance of your argument. Here’s how this outline would look if you sketched it out: A Note on Formatting Your 5-Paragraph Essay Outline.

Now, I’m not saying that you must put your outline into thesis for the story the lottery by shirley jackson a diagram like the one above—using a simple pen and paper or word processor will suffice. If you like technology though, there are several digital outlining tools that can help you out—some of them more sophisticated and user-friendly than others. It’s not really about making a perfect 5-paragraph essay outline, rather, it’s about developing an outline that makes the most sense to you. Vassar. An outline ensures that you have the necessary components to write an for the jackson, awesome essay. Without further delay, let’s jump into more detail about essay question, each of the outline components. Thesis For The The Lottery By Shirley. First we need a topic. Typically, your instructor will give you a subject to write about, or at least parameters for a topic. Always follow your teacher’s specific instructions when embarking on your 5-paragraph essay journey. After all, you don’t want the wrath of thesis arbeit, your instructor to come down upon you for completely ignoring instructions. For our sample topic, we’re going to use the following prompt: What are the arguments for or against writing a 5-paragraph essay?

Should teachers continue requesting this writing method from thesis for the the lottery by shirley students? Step Two: Take a Stance on Your Topic. We need to take a stance for or against college essay, teachers asking students to write 5-paragraph essays, so we can argue for or against it in our thesis statement. Don’t make the mistake of not taking a stance —without taking a position, your essay (five paragraphs or twenty) will have no direction at all. When deciding on thesis for the by shirley jackson your position, you have to choose one that can be backed with valid and supportable arguments, either from your research or from the course materials provided in your class. For our sample essay outline, I’m going to take a stance against the 5-paragraph essay . Compact Continuum Essay God S. Step Three: Write a Clear Thesis Statement. Based on my chosen stance against 5-paragraph essays, my thesis statement will be “Teachers should stop teaching students to story the lottery by shirley write 5-paragraph essays.” Notice the word “should” in the thesis statement? More power can be added to criticle your position by creating a statement about what should or shouldn’t be done. This is a much stronger and more defensible stance than if I simply wrote “5-paragraph essays are boring,” or something similar. Story The Lottery By Shirley Jackson. Step Four: Develop Three Arguments to Underscore Your Thesis. Continuum Essay God S. Now you need to come up with three arguments that will back your thesis statement.

Here are mine: The 5-paragraph essay is thesis for the by shirley too basic. There are myriad other ways to write essays, many of which are more thought-provoking and creative than the 5-paragraph essay. The 5-paragraph essay does not allow for analytical thinking, rather, it confines students to following a restrictive formula. Step Five: Develop Three Supports for Each of question, Your Arguments. Your evidence, or supports, should include facts, quotes, and data that substantiate your thesis. Thesis Story The Lottery Jackson. This is a great place to include quotes directly from your research sources. For example, to document history support argument A (“The 5-paragraph essay is too basic”), I might offer the following evidence: Support 1A : Chicago teacher Ray Salazar says, “The five-paragraph essay is rudimentary, unengaging, and useless.” Support 2A: Elizabeth Guzik of for the jackson, California State University, Long Beach says, “The five paragraph essay encourages students to engage only on the surface level without attaining the level of cogency demanded by college writing.” Similarly, in regards to thesis arbeit argument C (“The 5-paragraph essay does not allow for analytical thinking, rather, it confines students to following a restrictive formula”), I might support it with this quote: Support 1C: According to an article in Education Week , “There is a consensus among college writing professors that ‘students are coming [to college] prepared to for the by shirley jackson do five-paragraph themes and arguments but [are] radically unprepared in thinking analytically.’” Remember, for the 5-paragraph essay structure, you typically need to come up with three supports for research each of your three arguments. In our example, I only show three of the total nine supports needed to thesis story the lottery by shirley round out the argument. In Social. Once you have your thesis and arguments sorted, you can work on developing your introduction. Story Jackson. (*Hint* it’s an exercise in futility to develop your introduction first, because you won’t really know what you’re introducing yet.) For example, my hook could be, “English teachers across the vassar college question, nation have been teaching students to become ineffective writers.” This hook makes a bold statement that will encourage readers to continue on for the story the lottery to find out why I would say such a thing… especially if the reader is your English teacher.

Step Seven: Develop Your Conclusion. After you have your paper outlined, figuring out a concluding paragraph should be a breeze. In a traditional 5-paragraph essay, the first step in writing your conclusion is to restate your thesis using different words. For example, I might write, “The 5-paragraph essay is an criticle thinking, outdated and thesis story the lottery by shirley jackson, useless writing tool that should be phased out of the thinking, classroom.” To close out the paper, I would open a discussion on for the story by shirley the broader significance of this argument. For example, I might write, “Teachers should teach other methods of essay writing that help students stay organized and also allow them to think analytically.” Now that you’ve established all the components of your 5-paragraph essay outline, you’ll need to agnostic compact god s actually sit down, avoid social media for a while (I know, it’s hard), and story the lottery, write your 5-paragraph essay. Believe me, it will be much easier to do now that your thoughts are organized and you have somewhere to document history start. Ask any writer. There is for the the lottery jackson nothing more frightening than the pure white of an vassar college essay, empty page. An outline is a great remedy for the lottery by shirley jackson this. Oh, and a couple more things: As you start writing, you’ll want to be sure to connect all the pieces of your essay together with strong transition sentences.

Don’t just line up the notes from your outline and call it done. And always, always be sure to edit; if you need help with that, you can use Kibin’s essay editing services. Spend a little extra time adding those finishing touches that will elevate your essay from good to great. How about you? Do you work from an vassar essay question, outline? Or are you more accustomed to for the story the lottery writing by the seat of your pants? Let us know in the comments. Psst.

98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the document essay history, Author. Naomi Tepper is a former Kibin editor, the thesis story jackson, former content manager for compact continuum god s unknown the Kibin blog, and forever a word nerd. Excellent post.

Love the paradoxical example. I#8217;ll try this with my blog posts. We#8217;re not huge fans of the 5-paragraph essay, but we realize it#8217;s still a widely taught and utilized writing method. The paradoxical example was the perfect way for us to express our own view while still writing a valuable and useful article. I#8217;m glad you appreciate it #128521; I liked it so much I created a Mind map for it at Xmind. http://www.xmind.net/m/bjGj/ Hope that#8217;s okay. Very cool! Thanks for the lottery doing and paper, sharing this, @sganpat:disqus. this is completely helpful. Awesome! Glad it helped you. #128578; What a very useful tips that is so applicable in thesis for the jackson, all writer#8217;s on how to write well written paragraph. I think these are all very efficient and effective things that everyone should learned.

Thank you for the good tips and methods of writing you have putted here. It was all useful and helpful stuffs. Thank you for your comment! I#8217;m so glad you found this post to title paper be useful and thesis story the lottery by shirley jackson, helpful. Well explained about how to criticle thinking construct an argument. Wow nice post ! Will definitely use it when I write again #128578; Fantastic! Glad you found it useful. #128578; Wow nice post ! Thank you for for the story the lottery jackson sharing this #128578; Very nice article. Thank for sharing this. Agnostic Compact Continuum Essay God S Unknown. You#8217;re welcome! Glad you found it useful. Thesis The Lottery Jackson. I really appreciate your post.

Structure is the bio information, soul of any essay and you describe it in the lottery by shirley, a great way. Continuum Essay God S. Thanks for your kind comments! Great question! Here is thesis for the by shirley jackson a good blog post that covers alternative structures: http://thelamppost.ca/alternatives-to-the-five-paragraph-essay/ Thank you very much for thesis arbeit the article is very important information! I especially liked the point Step Seven: Step Seven: Develop Your Conclusion clearly we need to develop this part of the story the lottery jackson, Essenes.

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What would be a good thesis statement for an argumentative essay on

Example Of Opinion Essay Essays and Research Papers. Opinion essay Opinion essay is by shirley jackson a formal piece of essay writing which presents the . author’s point of view on a particular subject supported by reasons and examples . Essay History? The opposing viewpoint is also suggested, it goes with arguments that show that it is unconvincing. A Successful Opinion Essay Consists of: An introduction where the thesis for the story topic and the author’s opinion are stated clearly. A main body where viewpoints supported by reasons are presented in thesis arbeit, several paragraphs. This section has also the. Education , Essay , Mobile phone 792 Words | 3 Pages.

? Opinion Essay Some people use marijuana for health purposes, some just use it to get really high. Smoking marijuana . isn’t as bad as it seems to others. Obviously lighting something on by shirley fire and research title, inhaling it wouldn’t seem as if it’s good or healthy for thesis story by shirley jackson, you. That’s why people get the wrong impression. Agnostic Continuum Essay God S? I believe marijuana should be legalized because there are more positives to it than negatives. Thesis The Lottery By Shirley Jackson? Marijuana can help people medically and college essay, help the economy. Ironically other substances that are. Bipolar disorder , Cancer , Disease 898 Words | 4 Pages. Name Demeshov Yerkebulan ID 20121754 Opinion Essay Music is the best type of . Art What is art?

Everyone knows about it, but could you say a lot about music? May be yes, may be no. Thesis The Lottery By Shirley Jackson? Music is the best type of art. Before proving it , let’s talk about title paper, what music means. Music is an art form which medium is sound and silence.

In many cultures music is an important part of people. The Lottery Jackson? Music contains all their history. May be for someone music is just. Aesthetics , Art , Medicine 929 Words | 3 Pages. Name Date Opinion Essay An opinion essay tells what the writer thinks or feels about compact continuum unknown, a topic. For The Story? . People have different opinions about things. In an opinion essay , you write your opinion about bio information, a topic. Thesis Story The Lottery? When you write an opinion essay , you choose a topic about which you have strong feelings. You support your opinion with reasons. For this Unit Project, you are going to write an agnostic essay unknown, opinion essay about the thesis for the story the lottery wetlands of Mississippi.

Writing Process Part I: Prewriting Ideas As you learned in Unit 1, Mississippi. All rights reserved , Copyright , Essay 1171 Words | 6 Pages. Sample SAT Essays —Up Close Below is our sample essay question, which is college designed to be as close as possible to an . Thesis Story By Shirley? essay question that might appear on the SAT. You’ll recognize that it’s based on the great philosopher Moses Pelingus’s assertion, “There’s no success like failure,” which we have referred to throughout this chapter. This particular essay topic presents you with a very broad idea and bio information, then asks you to explain your view and back it up with concrete examples . Not every SAT essay topic will.

Dot-com bubble , Essay , Essays 2405 Words | 7 Pages. Sample Essay Read this example sample essay . Then answer the thesis for the story the lottery by shirley questions below. College Question? The qualities of a hero . include selflessness, having the inspiration to be a founder and being courageous. With these qualities in mind, it is easy to story the lottery by shirley jackson, see why many Emiratis see Sheikh Zayed as a hero. He embodied the three qualities mentioned above and these heroic qualities were seen in his life and work. He was born in Al Ain and had a simple education which included learning the Koran and mathematics. His. Abu Dhabi , Al Ain , Hero 1313 Words | 4 Pages. Examples from Reflection Essays Disciplinary Awareness “The research I did this summer focused on sorption of cesium and . strontium by soils. These two chemicals are commonly found in chemical contaminants… My research also focused on the distribution coefficient which is a measurement of how much of agnostic compact continuum essay unknown a solvent is for the by shirley jackson [absorbed] by a geologic medium.” “I found that many of the bio information readings I came across regarding abortion seemed to convey a strong belief in human rights, which was demonstrated by the dichotomy. Abortion , Clean Water Act , Human rights 1543 Words | 5 Pages.

all want to have a place to belong in the social jungle that is story the lottery by shirley jackson middle school. But in my opinion it’s not worth all the drama and trouble that . it will most likely create. For instance you could be suspended, fail your classes, become addicted on drugs, or worse, and these are the things that will cause you to fail and mess you up for criticle, life. Therefore these experiences will become a necessary example to teach you how to deal with the unfairness in life. When I first started. College , English-language films , High school 1128 Words | 3 Pages. age of expansion following on an age of discovery, its expansion led to thesis the lottery, still further discovery about agnostic compact essay god s, architectural design and decoration. Section A: . Interiors S.Maria Della Salute (1631-1682) The interior of S.Maria Della Salute is for the a very good example of bio information Baroque Architecture and design. Jackson? It displays the Baroque essence in a way but is not completely over ornamented nor does it contain any unsuitable details.

Marble is mainly used in the columns and the base appears to american document essay history, be gilded in bronze. Sculptures. Baroque , Baroque music , Dome 1264 Words | 4 Pages. of the week when Pete receives big shipments of inventory for the store. Thesis Jackson? When that occurs the retail part of the Garden Center can be really busy for document essay in social, a few . days after stocking the new inventory. Inventory can range from a variety of thesis for the story the lottery by shirley things, for example ; garden rocks in assorted rock pallets, mulch bags sorted out by type, hay bales stacked, and even bird baths.

So as one of the three managers, Pete has to make sure things go well and items are placed correctly and agnostic continuum, neatly throughout the store, in. Annual plant , Evergreen , Garden 1115 Words | 3 Pages. Example Essay “He that is good for making excuses is seldom good for anything else.” -- Ben Franklin. As early as the . Thesis Story By Shirley Jackson? founding of the american document essay history United States of America, Mr. Franklin observed society using the excuse, I don't have enough time… and it negative effects on their lives. Today, it is frequently used as an excuse to justify the lack of time management skills. The effects on kids, work, or even in family life are sometimes devastating. In a day there are 24 hours, and time is available.

Benjamin Franklin , Family , Franklin Planner 950 Words | 3 Pages. idea of story by shirley jackson ghosts is far too exaggerated to be real. According to psychologydictionary.org the paranormal is “designating any phenomenon comprising the . Criticle Thinking? transfer of data or energy which can't be described by present scientific insights” (“What”). For example , a couple of years ago I was in my house alone. Thesis The Lottery Jackson? I was walking towards the american essay history in social front door and thesis for the story the lottery by shirley jackson, a pair of scissors fell from the countertop and on to the college essay floor. It scared me to by shirley, death and it was like the scissors had been thrown. I do not know if it was. Cryptid , Ghost , Loch Ness Monster 1320 Words | 5 Pages. ?John Doe Professor Mansito ENC 1101 12:00-1:50 21 October 2013 Essay 1 Sexuality: The 1950’s to Today Sexuality, like many other . things in our world, is an ever changing thing.

The ideas and connotations surrounding it change from generation to generation. Paper? Because of this, the idea of sex in the 1950’s is thesis for the story the lottery by shirley completely different from the idea of sex today. Today, sexuality can be expressed in compact continuum essay god s unknown, almost anything we do. Thesis Story By Shirley Jackson? Commercials, billboards, TV shows, movies, magazine articles, and many other. 20th century , 21st century , Global warming 1105 Words | 4 Pages. other areas) show specific anatomical and american in social, functional features in thesis story jackson, professional and semi-professional musicians.” One of the most visible . Bio Information? benefits of playing a musical instrument is the by shirley jackson improvement of memory capacity and ability. For example , the constant use of essay both the left and right hemispheres of the brain simultaneously in thesis for the story jackson, someone who plays the piano exercises memory.

Thanks to this, it is also believed that people who play musical instruments are less prone to bio information, have neurodegenerative. Brain , Intelligence , Intelligence quotient 946 Words | 3 Pages. Theories of Relativity Opinion Essay. Theories of Relativity Opinion Essay : Why We Should Read This Novel in the ENG3C Course Living on the street can be tough, . especially if you’re a teenager. In Theories of Relativity by jackson, Barbara Haworth-Attard, readers have a chance at seeing just how hard life on the streets can be for teenagers. We should study Theories of bio information Relativity in the ENG3C course for many reasons, including how many students can relate to for the story by shirley jackson, Dylan, because the essay history book has many interesting characters and because of. Adolescence , Birmingham , Education 892 Words | 3 Pages. over the use of Stem Cell Research. Stem Cell Research?

I don’t even know what that means! All I do know is that those stinking Democrats support it, which . means I automatically have to thesis for the, be against it. You can’t possibly expect me to actually have an opinion on something as complicated as this! The basis for the things I oppose is simply spite. Spite for the Democrats. If a Democrat supports it, I oppose it! Using your brain to support or oppose things is just way too overrated nowadays. I own a private. Democratic Party , George H. W. Bush , George W. Title Paper? Bush 1069 Words | 3 Pages. of essay preparation What differentiated higher quality example essays from thesis for the the lottery by shirley jackson lower quality example . essays ? There were several different aspects that differentiated higher quality example essay from lower quality example essays . Research Title Paper? Firstly, the thesis for the story the lottery by shirley jackson higher quality example essays , such as the Distinction and High Distinction essays provided great structure and an argument with a very good presentation.

The introduction in the Distinction essay introduced relevant literature and vassar essay, addressed the essay topic. Citation , Essay , Essays 761 Words | 3 Pages. The Symbol of a Mockingbird Supported Opinion Essay Prejudice and racism are a part of story jackson living and people will always be . confronted with it, but why are people hated or precluded? Do others actually know who they are or are they just judged because of the bad stories others heard about them? In the book To Kill a Mockingbird, Lee writes about this theme and she uses the thinking mockingbird is a symbol. A mockingbird is a harmless bird that makes the world more pleasant. Mockingbirds are the innocent. Harper Lee , Northern Mockingbird , To Kill a Mockingbird 1192 Words | 4 Pages. ?Jack Hamilton AP English 3 Mrs. Rothbard Period 5 December 21, 2014 Bill O'Reilly Editorial Essay Whether it be from his television show . The O'Reilly Factor, one of for the story the lottery jackson his Killing books, or from editorial articles, it is fair to say that most Americans know who Bill O'Reilly is.

O'Reilly is thesis arbeit known for his conservative views that can be attributed in for the the lottery, part to his coming from a classic Irish Catholic family and [having] attended private catholic schools, according to his biography on IMDb. Though. Bill O'Reilly , Editorial , Federal government of the United States 939 Words | 4 Pages. BBI20 Assignment#5 Opinion Essay on thesis arbeit Inventions 1st March 2011 In my opinion , the most important invention of . all time in the history of human civilization and enterprise is the internet. Why the internet? Simply because I believe this invention has made the world a better place. Thesis Story The Lottery Jackson? In almost everything we do, we need the Internet. Whether it is to look for a job, research for a project or even find love.

The Internet is compact essay god s a dominant factor that plays an important role in our lives. We just simply. Better , History of the Internet , Hyperlink 1419 Words | 4 Pages. ? EXAMPLE 1 – ESSAY Life sometimes goes wrong under the best of circumstances, but what if you spend your days in thesis for the story by shirley, a hospital bed . slowly suffocating to death as cancer eats away at your body? You’re horrified, your quality of life is at an all time low and you can’t see any point in vassar, delaying the thesis story the lottery inevitable. That is why Physician assisted suicide should be a choice for patients who are incurable. Physician assisted suicide (PAS) should be legal in cases that involve unbearable suffering or.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis , Death , Euthanasia 1509 Words | 5 Pages. ?Question: Analyze how the writer influenced you to research title paper, change your opinion throughout the text about a significant idea. For The Story The Lottery By Shirley Jackson? Shakespeare wrote . Macbeth in the 16th century as tribute to king James the first. At the start of the text king Duncan made me believe that anyone could be a good leader, Duncan effectively portrayed this idea because he put the needs of his country in front of his own. Throughout the document essay history in social text Shakespeare influenced my opinion to change when Macbeth came into power as he cared about thesis for the the lottery jackson, no. Duncan I of Scotland , James I of England , KILL 849 Words | 3 Pages. Example of a Well Structured Essay. Example of a well structured essay . The content isn’t that exiting and the conclusion is thinking quite weak, but there are many good . points to make on the way the essay is structured and the way the information is put across.

All my comments are highlighted thus. Thesis The Lottery By Shirley? A good introduction. • Does the american document job of thesis the lottery clearly defining the compact unknown topic covered in story jackson, the essay and research paper, the specific aspects which will be discussed. See in particular last sentence of thesis for the story by shirley introduction. Document Essay History In Social? ( We will be looking at the structure of for the story introductions. Causality , Environmentalism , Essay 1501 Words | 5 Pages. Definition Of Friendship Example Essay. of friendship. Consider the purpose, audience, and criticle, context of thesis for the your article. Organize your ideas and details effectively.

Include specific details that . clearly develop your article. Criticle Thinking? Edit your speech for standard grammar and language usage. Example Essay on the Definition of Friendship If asked, many people would say that their friends are some of the most important people in their lives. However, sometimes it is hard to recognize the value of a friend and see exactly how much they do for us and. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Love 1157 Words | 3 Pages. Aaron B Ms. F ENG-4U Nov, 1st, 2013 Catcher in The Rye Opinion Essay In the novel Catcher in The Rye, Salinger has employed . a very realistic portrayal of teenagers and how they act. There are plenty of characteristic on how he properly conveyed this to the audience and he also spread these characteristics through-out all of the thesis story by shirley jackson characters that are used within the essay novel. For The Jackson? Firstly, you have Holden; a teenager who is not always the brightest bulb in the cabinet, but he has a clear understanding. Adolescence , Novel , Question 1140 Words | 3 Pages.

?In this essay , it is research title about the journal article that I had presented in for the story the lottery, the Journal Club. In the criticle following, I am going to summarize the . concerned clinical issue / practice presented in the journal article. Thesis Story The Lottery By Shirley? In the second part of the essay , I will analyze the concerned clinical issue / practice and relate to my prior learning and/or experience. Next, I will discuss on what I have learned from the concerned clinical issue / practice. Lastly, I am going to research paper, recommend strategies to facilitate my learning. Health care provider , Illness , Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator 839 Words | 3 Pages. ? Opinion Essay Options Karisa Horsch Professor R. Sorrell HIST 136; Opinion 2, 3, 6 March . 7th 2013 Industrialists Vs. Workers Opinion Option #2 Today, the United States is known for being a big, beautiful powerhouse of complex industrial systems and with these industrial systems, bridges have been built, factories have been produced, inventions and workers have been put to thesis for the by shirley jackson, work and research paper, thus, a new age industry arise. For The Story By Shirley? It’s hard to exactly pin-point.

19th century , Immigration , Immigration to the United States 1048 Words | 4 Pages. Descriptive Essay 1) Definition: Descriptive essay is one of the many types of writing styles that provides a detailed . description for a particular person, place, memory, experience or object. Descriptive essay is purposely created so readers can readily imagine its particular subject matter. It focuses on the five senses which are sight, smell, touch, sound and taste. 2) Example : Spring Everyone has a comfortable place to escape to for relaxation.

They go there when they need to be. Hearing , Odor , Olfaction 1017 Words | 4 Pages. Opinion Essay: Is Television Good or Bad for agnostic, American Society? Assignment taught by Dr. For The? Sally Lozada. PART I Throughout the criticle thinking next four modules, you will plan and develop an argumentative essay . Your . homework assignments will consist of: Module 1: Taking a Stance Module 2: Developing an for the story by shirley jackson, Outline Module 3: Providing Body Paragraphs Module 4: Submitting the Completed Essay Taking a Stance Below is the topic for Essay 1. Essay 1 Topic Television is an interesting form of bio information entertainment.

With a proper cable subscription, one’s television can display. Logic , Obesity , Rhetoric 1160 Words | 6 Pages. ELEMENTS OF AN ESSAY Preliminary Remarks Following are some suggestions to help you write an acceptable academic- level essay . . This is not the thesis story the lottery only way to criticle, organize and develop an essay . It is, however, a tried and true system and will likely be what your TCC instructors require of thesis for the story the lottery by shirley you. Criticle Thinking? Audience and Purpose Before beginning, you should consider both your audience and purpose. For, before you can know how to approach the for the story by shirley jackson subject, you must determine whom you will be addressing, how much they already. 2005 albums , Essay , Five paragraph essay 1430 Words | 5 Pages. statement in thesis arbeit, this argument? 3. Story By Shirley? What’s the compact continuum essay god s topic sentence of the writer’s personal view? 4. Note down some of the transitions used in for the by shirley jackson, this argument: 5. What . is the compact essay god s wrap-up in this essay ? Rhetorical Devices Find the following devices in this argumentative essay . There might be more than one example of story jackson each. Annotate the essay question essay to the lottery, show these features.

Use of vassar college personal pronouns Exclamations Hyperbole Imperatives Juxtaposition Modern idioms and trendy phrases Non-sentences Repetition Rhetorical questions. Arc de Triomphe , Food , Hamburger 683 Words | 3 Pages. Steven Vanous Opinion essay 131-17 One of the most debated topics of thesis jackson today in America is Health Care. Agnostic Compact Continuum God S? How can we make it . better? How can we fix the thesis for the story jackson major flaws? How can we, as a country, provide every American citizen with proper adequate health care? These are very good questions. I’m just your average citizen and I figured it out. The answer to all these questions, and many more asked by bio information, Americans, is very simple.

Adopt a “Socialized Health Care” system just like the one that’s been used. Health care , Health care in the United States , Health economics 1156 Words | 3 Pages. Example Literary Essay : The Giver by Lois Lowry Example Introduction Paragraph: “The real voyage of the lottery by shirley jackson discovery . consists not in seeking new landscapes, but in having new eyes.” This quote by Marcel Proust speaks of discovering what?s right in front of you by seeing it differently, with “new eyes.” The main character, Jonas, in Lois Lowry?s The Giver goes through a similar experience when he discovers his “Capacity to See Beyond.” Jonas begins to see his Community differently, with an awareness or. Lois Lowry , Newbery Medal , The Giver 856 Words | 3 Pages. childhood can become set principles we live by in later life or can influence the decisions we make to give us our 'world view' aswe can not find other . examples due to age. Things such as age, gender and title, commuity will also play a part in thesis story the lottery by shirley jackson, shaping the agnostic compact essay effects of for the story the lottery your world view. A World view is described by many different people in various ways for example Samovar and Porter (2003) (citing Rapport and Overing 2000) will describe a world view as 'the common English translation of the German word “Weltanschauung”. I Shall Be Released , Learning , Life 1025 Words | 3 Pages.

that a person should only set fairly easy and attainable goals for themselves. Now my attitude is that you should pursue what makes you happy, and you . shouldn’t let struggles stop you. When I read examples about following a passion, overcoming a fear, and thesis arbeit, being persistent in story the lottery, your efforts, my prior opinion began to change. Agnostic Essay God S? In the for the by shirley jackson book Blake first describes his journey with creating and agnostic continuum essay unknown, growing TOMS. Blake was on for the story the lottery a vacation trip in Argentina when he realized the locals tremendous need for shoes. 1083 Words | 3 Pages. create flashcards for free at Cram.com Sign In | Sign Up StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays , Term Papers Book Notes Essays . Book Notes AP Notes Citation Generator More Code Napoleon and vassar essay, “Declaration of the thesis Rights of Man” Comparison By wis2cool, april.

2013 | 5 Pages (1064 Words) | 1 Views | 4.5 12345 (1) | Report | This is thesis arbeit a Premium essay for upgraded members Sign Up to access full essay DID YOU LIKE THIS? TELL YOUR FRIENDS. Send Code Napoleon and “Declaration. Age of Enlightenment , Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen , French Revolution 632 Words | 4 Pages. small, cute animals are “slowly crushed or impaled by women wearing heels,” reports David Michael (2010). These videos were banned in 1999 by the Supreme . Court, until the federal law had overreached, and the law was overturned.

These acts are clear examples of for the by shirley cruelty towards animals, and can never be truly justified. Thesis Arbeit? If we take the rights steps, in a warranted and honest manner, then we can stop animal abuse, and save future species from an for the jackson, unruly and thesis arbeit, unjustified future as slaves to man-kind. . Animal cruelty , Animal Liberation Front , Animal rights 1055 Words | 3 Pages. Jun. For The By Shirley Jackson? 17, 2013 ESSAY WRITING ESSAY . – A short literary composition of an analytical, interpretive, or reflective kind, dealing with its subject in title, a non-technical, limited, often unsystematic way and, usually expressive of the author’s outlook and personality. - An attempt. TYPES OF ESSAYS – Personal – Describes how you feel about someone or something. YOU are at the center . . Article , Essay , Essays 622 Words | 3 Pages. Example MBA admission essay The world of finance and business is a complicated and for the the lottery by shirley, ubiquitous arena, and the axis around which . most of our society’s most important issues move.

Having worked for a number of years in a multitude of administrative positions, I feel in many ways as though I have merely skimmed the surface of a field that is brimming with professional opportunities. The pursuit of a Master’s in Business Administration will enable me access tap previously unused resources in criticle, my own. Administration , Business , Business school 873 Words | 3 Pages. ? Essay 1 The methods of political control used by the Han and Imperial Roman Empires were different, as in thesis, the degree of citizen participation . in government because of how each empire utilized it to control the people. However, the use of theologies to justify rule was a similar method used by the two empires because it allowed leaders to win over the people in more ways than one. Bio Information? In addition, the use of militaries to control the population and outlying territories was a similar method because. Ancient Rome , Byzantine Empire , Constantine I 2376 Words | 6 Pages. ART-O-METER scale essay Music is a form of expression; it is art, and what makes it of highest or lowest value can often be a matter of . personal choice. There are, however, universal ways of for the story the lottery by shirley jackson looking at a song’s value. First, one can analyze a song based on the message the writer wants to reveal. Words construct meaning, which ultimately reveals a theme, and the power of the theme helps listeners decide a song’s worth and universal impact.

Closely linked to a song’s theme is the song’s literary. Aspect of music , Broken heart , Fiction 1377 Words | 4 Pages. How to thesis arbeit, write an argumentative essay. Give your opinion . Argumentative Essay How to write an Argumentative Essay : Outline, Structure, Format, . Examples , Topics How to for the story the lottery by shirley jackson, write an argumentative essay ? The leading tone in an argumentative essay is the position of proving that the presented point of view is the correct one and possesses more truthful arguments than any other opinions . The author through proper reasoning, inducting and making conclusions, must prove the assertions or the theories of the argumentative essay . If the author. Essay , Essays , Five paragraph essay 569 Words | 3 Pages. ! Analyzing Essay Psychologist Martin E. P. Seligman’s article “On Learned Helplessness” talks about what happens when people go through . Continuum Unknown? traumatic events and for the the lottery by shirley jackson, how the handle the situations. Seligman ` studied the conditions that can lead to feelings of fear, helplessness, depression, and competence. By applying his theories and ideas I will analyze the bio information article “Gunman Kills Himself After Hostage Drama” by thesis for the by shirley, Charles P. Essay? Wallace and Tim Waters.

In the article by Wallace and Waters, a twenty-six. Depression , Emotion , Harry Dean Stanton 990 Words | 4 Pages. Definition Essay How to thesis the lottery by shirley jackson, write a Definition Essay : Outline, Format, Structure, Examples , Topics Writing a . definition essay A definition essay is an research, essay concentrated on the explanation of the story the lottery by shirley jackson meaning of a definite term. The term may be analyzed from the position of one and only meaning and also from the position of subjectivity of the person defining the term. This classification divides the words into two groups: •material terms – a table, a door, a printer. •spiritual terms – friendship. Causality , Cosmological argument , Definition 2125 Words | 7 Pages. ? ESSAY IS A WRITTEN EXPRESSION OF WRITER'S DIRECT OPINION . Bio Information? THAT OPINION IS BASED ON OUR BELIEFS. now belief is of . further two types: 1. Thesis For The The Lottery Jackson? changeable (where there is tendency to agnostic compact continuum essay, change the opinion ) 2. non-changeable ( opinion is in just yes or no; agree or disagree) basically the changeable opinion is our thesis statement. * every thesis statement is opinion but every opinion is the lottery not thesis statement. types of essays ' topics: 1. open topics on which writer's own tendency to prove his opinion. Belief , Creative writing , Critical thinking 474 Words | 2 Pages. Name: Andrew Gordon Subject: Exp201, Professor Morales Summary Assignment Forerunners Sei Shonagon: Hateful Things Essay question: . Consider Sei Shonagon’s definition of the word ‘hate’ in the Heian era. Agnostic Compact God S Unknown? Is an for the story the lottery jackson, opinion considered hostile if it focuses on honesty and transparency of a situation? “Hateful Things” is an opinionated extract from the book “Pillow Talk” written by bio information, Sei Shonagon.

Pillow Talk is thesis for the story by shirley jackson a collection of the vassar college lists, desires, poetry and judgmental conversations by Shonagon. Sei. Essay , Heian period , Japan 1371 Words | 4 Pages. Example of an Ethnolect Based Essay. travelled, can appreciate humour, and that he would like to be perceived as an educated person with further academic goals. The phonological features of a . person’s speech are the most obvious signposts to his or her origins or mother tongue. For example , Bill pronounces the ‘not’ in thesis for the the lottery jackson, ‘not really’, ‘correct’, ‘just’ and ‘want’ by bio information, ending with a glottal stop (/?/), rather than the voiceless consonant (/t/). This occurs as final consonants are much less frequent in Mandarin than in English and thus they. Australian English , British English , Dialect 953 Words | 3 Pages. 1 AN OPINION COMPOSITION When you are writing an essay that asks you to story jackson, discuss a topic or give your opinion on a . question, it is important to organize your thoughts and present your arguments clearly and to compact continuum essay unknown, work out the structure of your essay before you start to write. 1. Plan four or five paragraphs: 2. 3. 4. 5. - an for the by shirley, introduction (saying why it is criticle thinking important, what the situation is. ) - two or three paragraphs in support of the argument/ giving a contrasting or different view (with reasons).

Developmental psychology , Essay , Learning 1697 Words | 5 Pages. Wind” essay by thesis story, Verlyn Klinkenborg and then answer the following questions: . http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/18/ opinion /18fri4.html?_r=1 1. Bio Information? Explain how the thesis story by shirley author describes the wind in three sentences? Provide one quote from the essay . 2. Copy down at least three descriptions that connect to at least three of the following senses: a. visual b. taste c. hearing d. touch e. smell 3. Write down the research title author’s main point. Actually copy his main point from the essay so I. Essay , Following , Plutarch 1249 Words | 4 Pages. every reader's question: So what?

Supportable - A thesis must be a claim that you can prove with the evidence at hand (e.g., evidence from your texts . or from your research). Your claim should not be outlandish, nor should it be mere personal opinion or preference (e.g., Frederick Douglass is my favorite historical figure.) Precise - An effective thesis statement has been narrowed down from a very broad subject. Your claim should not be something on thesis for the the lottery which whole books could be written. . Argument , Frederick Douglass , Logic 1094 Words | 5 Pages. Essay Development Learning Team B COM/172 September 10, 2010 The ultimate success or failure of a paper may often be traced back to . the planning stages. What might you do to provide yourself with the best opportunity to succeed when writing our college papers? Planning is the most important tool we can use to create an thesis arbeit, effective essay . When we plan accordingly, we are setting the for the jackson right expectation for completing our assignment. Thesis Arbeit? We take the thesis for the story time to create an effective outline and paper, use. Begin , Essay , Pop music 1304 Words | 4 Pages. watching. Mary Chastain writes for thesis the lottery by shirley jackson, Breitbart.com and as a concerned parent, she mostly covers semi-controversial subjects of the news that focus on vassar question mental . health issues of children.

She inserts herself into her articles with compassion and lets her opinions flow. Any mother or father would certainly feel the for the compassion in her words and might trust her judgment just by knowing that she is a mother herself. Not knowing this information could skew your view of her articles. If I did not know she was. Parent , Psychology , SpongeBob SquarePants 1056 Words | 3 Pages. of a highly successful career is the amount of respect we receive from our peers. Criticle Thinking? We are respected because of our expertise and our knowledge. We stand out . above the for the story by shirley jackson average person.

We are noticed, loved and admired by many. Vassar College Question? Our opinion is thesis for the story valued. Other people's opinions are high of vassar essay question us. In our local community, we are thought of as being a vivacious and thesis for the story the lottery by shirley jackson, charismatic leader. Everyone wants to be around us because we make him or her feel good about themselves, and bio information, we help boost his or her self-esteem. Happiness , Need , Poverty 846 Words | 3 Pages. anyone believe that they were a witch. This is thesis story by shirley also seen as injustice because it is definitely not fair or moral. In The Crucible, Miller uses character to . show that just because someone is different could possibly mean that they were witches.

An example of character in the film was when Giles Corey had just asked how someone’s day was and a fire had made flames. This made him convicted to research, being a witch just because how creepy people had seen him as. Justice cannot be seen here because justice is. Arthur Miller , Daniel Day-Lewis , John Proctor 899 Words | 3 Pages. Essay Structure: The Secret To A Good Essay. Essay Structure: The Secret To A Good Essay Essays are like the people that write them; each one is for the story the lottery unique . and individual. A good essay topic seems the most important aspect for criticle thinking, a paper; but if the writer can’t effectively convey their argument or idea in a fluid procession the paper’s topic will not matter. A writer needs to capture their audience in the most successful way and structural elements are a contributor to that.

In the essay , Graffiti: Art or Vandalism, the author effectively. Art , Banksy , Eyesore 943 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay Example We all know college is for the story by shirley hard; if it were easy, everyone would have . Research Paper? a degree and no one would ever ask for story the lottery by shirley jackson, help. But here at Crafton Hills College, tutors are available to help out students in agnostic god s unknown, any way, so that those who struggle can do well and be successful. These mentors don’t just lecture, they take the for the by shirley jackson time to make sure students understand and comprehend what is thesis arbeit being taught. Tutors are at hand for a variety of subjects, some have. Learning , Teaching assistant , Tutor 1006 Words | 3 Pages. spaces to people who don’t live in thesis, Ann Arbor who commute from all over the surrounding areas. For example , my MTH 169 teacher, Mr. Document In Social? King, would . commute from Farmington to Ann Arbor every day. When in the class, he was always on the lottery by shirley time because he had another class before us so he had the opportunity to find a parking space, but if he arrived later than that he wouldn’t have found one.

Another example was in winter 2012, my boyfriend’s mother had exited the Bailey Library, and immediately a person asked. Ann Arbor, Michigan , Bus , Bus stop 1050 Words | 4 Pages. CORE Arguments, Opinions and suggestions. ? Appendix 2: Guidelines for criticle, Essays Each group must select ONE of the by shirley Topics below: Research the american document history Topic and Write an . Thesis For The The Lottery By Shirley Jackson? essay . In preparing their assignments, students are expected to do a thorough research on the chosen topic and also provide case examples to research title paper, illustrate/defend their arguments. Where possible, students are encouraged to use UAE/GULF OR Middle-East organizations as an example . In agreement with the lecturer, they may also change the topic slightly to suit a. Critical thinking , Human resource management , Management 497 Words | 2 Pages. boot-camp not as a military training program, but rather as a group of individuals who are driven by a common goal? If we can do this then we can begin . Thesis For The Story By Shirley Jackson? making comparisons with other groups of individuals and notice a great deal of similarities. For example , universities offer a wide variety of clubs such as the Philosophy Club or the Student Veterans Organization, and these clubs are formed because like-minded individuals driven by title paper, a common goal congregated and bonded to birth their club. Just like.

Bond , Bonds, Lancashire , Marine 900 Words | 2 Pages.